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Conquest & Labor Systems

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by

Steph Gorges

on 5 February 2014

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Transcript of Conquest & Labor Systems

Spanish Conquest
Social Order
Triangular Trade
Conquest & Labor Systems
New Labor Source:
Encomienda
Looking at DBQ documents:
What were your thesis statements?
How did you group your documents?
Replaced encomienda
Forced labor for a specified number of weeks/months
Natives = free people
Hernan Cortes (1519-1521)
Searching for gold
Captured Montezuma (ruled through him)
Later conquered city with local rivals
New Spain (Mexico)
Motives: Gold ($$$), God, Glory
Francisco Pizarro
1532-1533
Captured Atahualpa
Used him to find gold
Brutally killed Atahualpa
New Castile (Peru)
Spanish
Control
Viceroy:
Governor of colony that answered to king

Audiencias:
Educated lawyers who heard appeals against the viceroy and had contact with the Spanish king.
Political Control
Labor system: Spanish crown gave land & laborers to settlers to work (haciendas)
Encomendero
conquistadors/soldiers
Granted natives
Owed tribute (in labor/goods)
Abusive &
overworked natives
Task:
Protect natives from other tribes
Teach Catholic faith

Gain:
Labor (gain gold/silver)
Bartolome
De Las Casas
Dominican friar
Opposed mistreatment of the natives
Repartimento
*mostly men traveled to new Spanish lands = increase in new ethnic groups
"sin indios no hay Indias"
African slaves
Reactions to this video:
Bias? POV? Accurate?
What reputation should
Columbus have today?
Slave Trading:
1501 - Spanish begin using African slaves in Caribbean
http://huff.to/d4nMmL
Full transcript