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Romantic Era - Architecture

A description of visual characteristics in architecture during the Romantic period as a result of its historical background.
by

Anahy Mejia

on 22 January 2013

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Transcript of Romantic Era - Architecture

Romantic Era - Architecture Neo-Gothic Style British Movement John Ruskin French Movement Augustus W. Pugin Prosper Merimee From the later half of the 18th century to the later half of the 19th, the period of Romanticism revolutionized architecture in a not-so-progressive manner. Nature and God had become one, and wisdom, history, and mystical intrigue influenced how people viewed life, glory, and incomformity. Despite the fascination of Romantics with nature and the universe and their interest in changing society with their newfound individualism, they liked to remember the beauty of the Gothic style in the Middle Ages. This nostalgic view of the past grew as their hope for better everything and mystic influences later portrayed in art and literature created a visual awakening for many. This, consequently, led to a neo-Gothic architectural style, or a Gothic revival. This architectural style consisted of
grandiose and sometimes overwhelming
details. Its assymetrical structure and
vertical framings added height and
majestic facades to buildings of all
sizes. Gargoyles, crenulations, spires,
and window frames were added to
small churches and public facilities. A true Romantic, Ruskin rebelled agaisnt
classical architecture and the society of
his time in general. Although not bold
enough to admit his true opinions through his writings, his studies on
medieval architecture became some
of the most influential in the rise of
Gothic building. His most memorable
influence was the Oxford Museum
of Natural History. Although the Gothic revival movement
could be said to begin in Britain, France
also experienced an architectural
awakening as many Romantics traveled to
Paris to search for inspiration. After France's de-Christianization, many looked
back to the Middle Ages as the true Christian era. Thus began a period of
preservation of their old buildings in the midst of their Restoration period. Preservation over restoration.
His pessimistic Romanticism
and writings on mysticism, as well
as his interest in the unknown made
him responsible for the preservation
of many Gothic buildings. His influence
reached tiny monasteries and cathedrals, as well as houses. He is well known as a Gothic architectural inspector. Horace Walpole and William Beckford influenced the popularity of the neo-Gothic style through their literary criticism and their own Gothic constructions. Walpole's Strawberry Hill castle and Beckford's Fonthill Abbey are Romantic trademarks. Strawberry Hill Fonthill Abbey Why go Gothic? His conversion to Catholicism and his
advocacy for a "correct" form of Gothic
architecture that reflected faith. His
publications (influenced small churches,
cathedrals, and institutions. Works Cited 1."Neo-Gothic style." Antique Fireplaces, Architectural elements, Stained Glass, Mantels & Chimneypieces. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Jan. 2013. http://www.marcmaison.com/architectural-antiques-resources/neo_gothic_style.

2."Augustus Pugin." answers.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Jan. 2013. <http://www.answers.com/topic/august-pugin>.

3.Category. "John Ruskin - Biography of Writer and Philosopher John Ruskin." Architecture and House Styles and Building Design. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Jan. 2013. <http://architecture.about.com/od/greatarchitects/p/ruskin.htm>.

4."Prosper Merimee." answers.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Jan. 2013. <http://www.answers.com/topic/prosper-m-rim-e>.

5.Spielvogel, Jackson . "Reaction, Revolution, and Romanticism, 1815-1850." Western Civilization. sixth ed. Belmont: Clark Baxter, 2006. 589-619. Print.

6."William Thomas Beckford: Author, Architect and Rogue." janeausten.co.uk. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Jan. 2013. <http://www.janeausten.co.uk/william-thomas-beckford-author-architect-and-rogue/>.
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