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Transcript of Coffee Slavery
Coffee Industry By:
Andrew Elffers Coffee Production & Consumption Starbucks What they claim: What's actually happening Coffee Slavery conditions --27 million people are slaves worldwide, more than at any other time in the world. 8.4 million are child slaves. --long hours, low pay, poor living conditions, no way to get out because there's no other work, exploited many times, no transportation --According to the International Labor Organization, 250 million children are at work, and 120 million of these children work full time in slave or bonded labor situations. --Children ranging from the ages of 7-16 work long hours which sometime add up to 80 hours a week. --Even if child labor is not the main labor, workers are exploited by the coffee farm owners sometimes receiving only 1 percent of what their bosses receive. In some Guatemalan coffee farms worker have to produce 100 pounds of coffee before being paid $3 in three days. It is estimated that Starbucks alone sold over 8 million cups of coffee per day in the year 2010. The sheer popularity of coffee and the profitability of the coffee industry is almost unfathomable in its size and scale. The coffee industry is a ten billion dollar industry that has fostered trade between otherwise disparate countries since the colonial era. --On average, coffee
drinkers will spend
$164.71 per year on
coffee. --Coffee is the leading source of
caffeine consumption in the
United States, and is the world’s
second most popular drink after
water. --Farmers, unable to turn a profit in recent years, have refused to pay their laborers, and instead kept them working without pay through beatings, intimidation and threats of magical spells --Coffee kids pick the coffee by hand and are exposed to toxic chemicals and pesticides that are harmful to their health and the environment. --Today, US coffee drinkers consume approximately 3.1 cups per day on average, with the cup size being nine ounces. Fifty-two percent of Americans over the age of eighteen drink coffee every morning, and on top of that, thirty percent of the population drinks coffee occasionally, meaning that over eighty percent of Americans consume coffee. types of slavery:
slavery by descent
in some cases, forced marriage --Child labor is a major part in
the production of coffee beans in
Guatemala, Colombia and Ivory Coast. Works Cited (http://www.on-common-ground.com/?p=308) World’s Top 10 Coffee-Producing
Countries in 2010-2011 The following is a table of the world’s 10 largest coffee-producing nations, measured in thousands of bags, for the 2010-2011 crop year. One bag weighs 60 kilograms (132 pounds).
Data are from the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
1) Brazil 54,500
2) Vietnam 18,725
3) Colombia 9,500
4) Indonesia 9,325
5) India 5,100
6) Ethiopia 4,400
7) Honduras 4,000
8) Peru 4,000
9) Guatemala 3,910
10) Mexico 3,700
http://www.professorshouse.com/Food-Beverage/Beverages/Hot-Drinks/Articles/Coffee-Facts-and-Statistics/ Forced to carry heavy loads, working with dangerous tools like machetes When children fail the expectations of the farm owners they are often beat with bicycle chains and whips. The worst offenders of these enslaved children are the cocoa (chocolate) and coffee industries — with 70 percent of the world’s chocolate being harvested by enslaved people. As Green As It Gets With commercial coffee machines pumping out cups of coffee at such a colossal rate, the appropriate infrastructure must be in place to feed them. Most coffee plantations are located in less developed areas, with Brazil and the Ivory Coast being notable providers. Buy Fair Trade Coffee
Use Coffee Roaster
Support and buy from fair trade organizations like:As Green As It Gets
You don't have to give up coffee entirely...many coffee sellers include fair trade options for coffee
However, most coffee sellers don't even market their fair-trade options--get the word out! The large coffee corporations pay the plantation owners somewhere in the region of $10000 for a harvest. This same harvest will go on to sell for nearly $75000 in the west – a 750% return on investment. The chronic underpaying of plantation owners has increasingly encouraged more and more inhumane tactics to try and make ends meet http://www.statisticbrain.com/coffee-drinkingstatistics/ Coffee is a brewed beverage with a strong flavor prepared from the roasted seeds of the coffea plant. The beans are found in coffee “cherries”, which grow on trees cultivated in over 70 countries, primarily in equatorial Latin America, Southeast Asia, South Asia and Africa. Responsibly Grown Coffee
We take a holistic approach to ethically sourcing coffee through responsible purchasing practices, farmer loans and forest conservation programs.
When we buy coffee this way, it helps foster a better future for farmers and a more stable climate for the planet, and it helps create a long-term supply of the high-quality beans we’ve been carefully blending, roasting and packing fresh for more than forty years. As Green As It Gets is a non-profit organization focusing on economic development and environmentally sustainable agriculture in Guatemala. partners with producers from impoverished Guatemalan communities Much of the labor is bonded labor--With few resources to meet daily needs, and no alternative sources of credit available, parents are often forced to pledge their children’s labor as payment or collateral on a debt. While parents may assume their children will be able to repay the debt out of future earnings, a combination of low wages and high interest rates often make repayment impossible and the child becomes bonded indefinitely Farmers at AGAIG are required to pay their workers over minimum wage. The legal minimum wage in Guatemala is currently 48.5 Quetzales (Q) per day (US$6.47). In July 2008, the daily cost of the basic food basket in Guatemala was Q64.72 (US$8.61). Evidently, the minimum wage does not provide sufficient income to purchase the basic items to feed a family, let alone cover the cost of utilities, medicine, transportation or school fees. http://www.asgreenasitgets.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=223:our-position-on-fair-trade&catid=48:coffee&Itemid=139 Only 7.9% of Starbucks' coffee is fair trade, and only about 3.7% of their profit comes from that In 2011, Starbucks made 11.7 billion dollars,
so more than 10 billion dollars went towards non-fair trade coffee beans http://www.statisticbrain.com/starbucks-company-statistics/ places a strong emphasis on protecting the environment and land restoration as an integral part of business management.We believe that economic development is the key to reversing the poverty cycle. Fair Trade certifies the purchase of green (unroasted) coffee and guarantees a minimum price for unroasted coffee. unroasted coffee beans