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California Gold Rush
Transcript of California Gold Rush
Discovered on January 24, 1848
Found at Sutter's mill in Coloma, CA
Brought about 300,000 people from sea and
the east looking for gold
San Francisco's population grew from 200 in
1846 to 36,000 by 1852
John Sutter/Sutter's Mill
Methods of Travel Used by Forty Niner's
FortyNiner's used boats,ships,wagons,and carriages to get to their destination which was California.
However the most common way of transportation was by foot or wagon.
Of 300,000 half arrived by sea and half by land.
two of the main trails used were the California trail and the Gila river trail.
Is a community that experiences sudden and rapid population and economic growth.
San Francisco and Columbia were two boom towns in California.
Boom towns were form when gold was discovered in that area, so miners would rush to that area and form camps, sometimes turn into boom towns
Once all of the gold was gone, miners would leave that town and move on to the next one.
Boom towns would soon become ghost towns. One
example of a ghost town is Bodie, California.
The California Gold Rush
By: Delilah Stevenson
Born February 26, 1829 and died in 1902
He was a Bavarian Immigrant
Worked for his brothers dry goods business in New York City
Later went to San Francisco to start his own dry goods business on Market St.
In 1853 he made trousers made of heavy canvas, then he switched materials in 1873 and made denim jeans
He dyed them blue to help hide the stains
Miners said, "Have you heard about these pants coming from Levi's" and the name stuck
shmoop.com "Levi Strauss in California Gold Rush
biography.com "Levi Strauss Biography"
Wikipedia.org "Boom Towns" "John Sutter" "Sutters Mill"
History.com "The Gold Rush of 1849"
history1800's.about.com "John Sutter, Whose Sawmill Launched the California Gold Rush"
lessons.ctpaonline.org "The Impact of Gold"
MuseumCa.org "Gold Fever: Life of a Miner"
Wikipedia.com "Method of the Travel by Forty Niners
Califgoldrush.weebly.com "Farmers After the Gold Rush"
Wikipedia.org "seeing the Elephant"
ehow.com "What were some of the tools that were used in the gold mines"
USminers.com "How to Stake your Mining Claim."
HistoryNet.com "California Gold Rush"
sfmuseum.org " The Discovery of Gold in California"
John Sutter was born on February 15, 1803, and he died on June 18, 1880.
His name was first Johann August Sutter.
He was a Swiss pioneer who traveled from Germany to America.
In America he made Sutter's Mill and Sutter's Fort.
Sutter's Mill was owned by John Sutter along
with his partner ship with James Marshall.
It is located in Coloma, CA.
James Marshall was the first to find flakes of gold
Chinese Immigrants & The Gold Rush
1848 the first chinese came to San Francisco
Chinese organizations would give newcomers a place to stay, a job, or would fit them for miners attire
They lived in groups & worked on land that the Americans had already abandoned
Were illiterate but dreamed of new possibilities
May 1852 the state placed a Foreign Miners Tax ($3/Month)
Men moved occupations (laundry business, domestic services, and even railroad building)
By the end of the 1850's the Chinese made up 1/5 population of the 4 counties that constituted the Southern Mills
Forty Niners Home Country
About half of the Forty Niners came from Europe, Asia, Africa, and The U.K.
The other half came from the surrounding states to take part in the riches in the form of gold.
However the people in the surrounding states weren't the only ones to come from other states.
People came from the east coast from states like New York, New Jersey, etc.
Impact of The California Gold Rush
Born October 8, 1810
Died August 10,1885
An American Carpenter and Sawmill Operator.
First to report gold at Sutter's mill
Built Sutter's mill
His crew consisted of Native Americans
In 1845 there was about 400 citizens in San Francisco then in 1860 there was about 56,000 citizens
As the gold rush became there was a major labor shortage
Many Californians left their jobs to work in the fields which left many businesses to the immigrants
The labor shortage lead to the exploration of Native Americans (slavery)
Because of all the people, farmers were very wealthy
In 1854 the Sacramento Valley Railroad went from Sacramento to Folsom carried food to all different areas of California
The Pacific Railroad went to all different places in the U.S. and even different countries!
In 1870 a bushel of wheat was $1.82, then in 1894 it dropped to $0.64
They were forced to sell land which led to more businesses, a high demand in food, high prices, and new railroads being built
The Discovery of Gold
Life in the gold mining camps was miserable.
Miners were exposed to homesickness, illness, and physical danger.
Most miners found little or no gold.
Many miners died.
Gold in the 1850s was worth $21 dollars per ounce.
Over the years gold slowly moved up in price.
Seeing the Elephant
"Seeing the elephant" means to experience and overwhelming emotion.
This originated from the English phrase "see the lion" which was referring to the tower of London which kept several types of cats including a lion.
The lion was supposed to represent the King of England
Life in the Gold Mines
Miners use many different types of equipment to mine for gold.
They use rockers, pickaxes, drills, pans, and hydraulic mining machines.
Rockers, also known as cradles, were use to separate gold from dirt.
Pickaxes were standard gold mining equipment use to uncover gold in the rocks.
Drills were air compressed and used to extract gold from quart.
Pans, also known as placer mining, were used to wash dirt away to find gold.
Hydraulic mining machines were used in water and gravel to find gold.
Staking a claim involves marking the claim boundaries, typically with wooden posts or stone cairns.
Miners would claim land for themselves.
To claim land miners must make sure that no one owns the land they want to claim.
Next they will settle in.
After they must find a mineral deposit to mine for gold.
The miner would then have to go to the
country clerk and receive a document
to make your land claim official.
Staking a Claim
Largest group were Americans
They came from ship and land.
They were mostly Asian, Latin American, French, Italian, etc.
The name Forty Niners is because they arrived in 1849.
It was estimated that 90,000 people arrived in CA in 1849.
They traveled to CA in hope for gold.
Some were lucky and some weren't as lucky as others.
" Really, everybody ought to go to the mines just to see how little it takes to make people comfortable in the world"
~Louise Amelia Knapp Smith Clapp
Louise Amelia Smith Clapp
Wrote a book containing 23 letters to her sister
The letters were called the Shirley Letters
a.k.a. Dame Shirley
" It was in the first part of January, 1848, when the gold was discovered at Coloma, where I was then building a sawmill. The contractor and builder of this mill was James W. Marshall, from New Jersey."