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Transcript of Bosnian War
-The Bosniak muslims wanted their independence.
A fight for land. The Serbs and Croats desired the land of Bosnia in order to connect to their own country in order to have more land and power, while the Croats and Muslims wanted their independence. Why did the war happen? The Bosnian War was a war that happened in 1992-1995 that took place in Bosnia and Herzegovina -Who were the major leaders of the war?
-What were the issues and conflicts between the Serbs and the Bosniaks?
-What were the major events that triggered during war?
-What were the aims of the war? Bosnia was inhabited by Muslim Bosniaks , Orthodox Serbs and Catholic Croats Slobodan Milosevic was appointed as chief and president of Serbia in 1989. He wanted to gain control of Yugoslavia. He gained national support from exploiting Serbian nationalism. He opposed the confederal system and wanted Yugoslavia to be a multi-party state. Both Slovenia and Croatia wanted independence while Serbia wanted to unite 8 million Serbs into position of power with Yugoslavia. Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Leader: Alija Izetbegovic - Commander-in-Chief of the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Commander of the army who went against the Serb Army of Republika Srpska Radovan Karadzić created an army within Bosnia with Milosevic's. In 1992, under his control, the Bosnian Serbs began "cleansing" large areas of Bosnia of non-Serbs by killing them. Serbs and the Croats wanted Bosnia as more territory for their country. Slobodan Milosevic, was desiring for a "Greater Serbia" with the land of Bosnia. The Bosnian Croats and Muslims, were afraid that Milosevic would try to capture their land if they were still under control of the Yugoslavians, so in order to protect their land, they wanted independence for Bosnia. Even though Bosnia and Herzegovina was majorly Muslim, they felt threatened that their land would be taken by the bigger Serbia and Croatia. What were major events that triggered in the war? Events that occurred in the war
that were a big significance The capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina was under siege by the Army of Republika Srpska from April 1992 until February 1996 during the Bosnian War. The Army of Republika Srpska surrounded Sarajevo with 18,000 men. Muslim, Croat, and Serb civilians who did not support the idea of ‘Greater Serbia’ were cut off from everything, including food, utilities and outside communication. About 12,000 civilians were killed or went missing and another 56,000 people were wounded. Seize where 8,000 men were killed "It was the worst crime on European soil since the Second World War"
- Secretary-General of the United Nations Bosnian Serb officers used UN equipment and lied in order to encourage the men to surrender; and many were killed. Other Bosniaks were forced out of their using murders and rapes by the Serb forces. The executions of the Bosniak men started on July 13th. Hundreds of people were shot repeatedly at execution sites. Aims of the War