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Principles of Teaching: Chapter 2 Notes
Transcript of Principles of Teaching: Chapter 2 Notes
Chapter 2 Key Terms
Teacher Education Programs
Philosophy of Teaching
Chapter 2 Learning Targets
identify the steps to becoming a teacher.
compare ways of gaining experience with children while in high school.
research the requirements for admission to a teacher education program.
develop a personal career goal.
begin developing a personal porfolio for teaching.
write my own philosophy of teaching.
The Four General Steps to Becoming a Teacher
1. High School Preparation
Maximize Your Educational Opportunities (Teaching Academies)
Observe Your Teachers
Explore College Programs (Teacher education programs and grants)
Gain Experience and Improve Your Skills (Job shadowing, volunteering, service learning, part-time work)
The Four Steps to Becoming a Teacher
2. College Preparation and Teacher Training
Be sure to get all prerequisite courses completed.
Prepare for proficiency tests. (Praxis)
3. Classroom Experiences and Student Teaching
Teacher education culminates in a student teaching experience where you will work with a cooperating teacher.
This process is overseen by a college or university professor.
4. Gaining Certification
A certified teacher is one who has met the state requirements for teacher preparation.
States usually have reciprocal agreements with some other states regarding teaching licenses or certifications.
A teaching license is a formal document, issued by a state, verifying that a teacher is qualified to teach at specific grade levels or particular subject areas.
Develop Your Philosophy of Teaching
A philosophy of teaching is a personal statement about your thoughts, views, and values as they relate to teaching.
Creating a philosophy of teaching will help you think seriously about your current ideas and beliefs.
This statement will give others insight into what is important to you.
The most difficult part about developing a teaching philosophy is to articulate your thoughts. (Put them into words.)
The keys to beginning the path toward teaching are:
Taking Principles of Teaching and completing the Fundamentals of Teaching career pathway.
Defining your career goal.
Creating a personal portfolio.
Developing a philosophy of teaching.
Set a Career Goal
Your life dreams can easily become attainable goals. It just takes a little effort.
A career goal is a clear, concise statement of what you want to become in life.
Setting a career goal involves:
Write down exactly what you want to accomplish is specific terms.
Identify specific steps to take to accomplish your related goals like getting into the university of your choice.
Outline the steps you will take to accomplish each goal.
Create a Portfolio
It is easy to list your accomplishments, skills, and experiencen but a professional portfolio adds visual evidence to support it.
A personal portfolio is an organized collection of materials and information that illustrates how personal knowledge, skills, and attitudes have developed over time.
It can be adapted to serve as a professional portfolio when you are ready to enter your career field.
The pieces you include in your portfolio are sometimes called artifacts.
These may include items such as projects or papers you prepare for class, exampels from a related volunteer opportunity, and academic and other awards just to name a few.
Characteristics of an Effective Portfolio
have a clear purpose.
reflect your uniqueness.
show your progress.
A Portfolio Should Include:
basic information about yourself, including your name and year in school.
an essay focusing on your career goals and personal interests.
projects, assignments, or examples from experiences that display your skills.
journal entries about your experiences related to teaching.
a list of the courses you have taken in high school.
a list of community activities/community service.
information about any jobs you have had.
academic recognition, such as letters, certificates, or honors.
information on leadership positions you have held or demonstrated.
documentation of special skills, such as foreign language or exceptional computer skills.
You Can Use Your Portfolio To:
keep the important components of your career goals in an organized format.
get a final grade.
apply for a part-time job.
apply for college or university.
build a solid foundation that can move with you through your college career.
Benefits of an Electronic Portfolio
Can be easily stored on a computer hard drive or storage device, transported, and accessed with minimal effort.
Can be shared electronically.
Demonstrate your computer skills.