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Anne Frank Timeline
Transcript of Anne Frank Timeline
is born in
Frankfurt, Germany Summer of 1933 The Franks decide that the family must move to the Netherlands May 10, 1940 The German army invades the Netherlands, Belgium, and France. June 12, 1942 Anne receives a diary for her 13th birthday. July 5, 1942 Anne’s older sister, Margot, receives a call-up notice to report for deportation to a forced-labor camp. The family goes into hiding the next day and remain in the secret annex for more than two years. Margot Frank, with Anne as a baby Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany. The first anti-Jewish laws are established. March 1942 Approximately 20-25% of the 6 million Jews who would die in the Holocaust have been killed. July 13, 1942 The van Pels, another Jewish family originally from Germany, join the Franks in hiding. November 16, 1942 Fritz Pfeffer, the eighth and final resident of the Secret Annex, joins the Frank and van Pels families February 1943 By now, 80-85% of the 6 million Jews who would die in the Holocaust have been killed. June 6, 1944 Allied forces invade the beaches of Normandy, opening a second front to the war against Nazi Germany. Remembered as “D-Day”. August 4, 1944 The residents of the Secret Annex are betrayed and arrested. They are taken to a police station in Amsterdam and eventually to Westerbork transit camp September 3, 1944 The eight prisoners are transported in a sealed cattle car to Auschwitz, on the last transport ever to leave Westerbork. At Auschwitz, the men are separated from the women. October 1944 Anne, Margot, and Mrs. van Pels are transported to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. Edith Frank remains in the women's subcamp at Auschwitz-Birkenau January 6, 1945 Edith Frank dies at Auschwitz-Birkenau. January 27, 1945 Otto Frank is liberated from Auschwitz by the Russian army. He is taken first to Odessa and then to France before he is allowed to make his way back to Amsterdam. April 30, 1945 Hitler commits suicide. March 1945 Anne and Margot Frank die at the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp within days of each other. May 7, 1945 Germans surrender; World War II ends in Europe. June 3, 1945 Otto Frank arrives in Amsterdam, where he is reunited with Miep and Jan Gies. He knows his wife has died, but he does not know that his daughters have died too. He still has hope. September 2, 1945 Japan formally surrenders, after the US dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, ending World War II. October 24, 1945 Otto Frank receives a letter informing him that his daughters died at Bergen-Belsen. Miep gives Anne's diary to Otto. She found and hid the diary after the Franks' arrest and had been hoping to return it to Anne. Summer 1947- Present The first 1,500 copies of Anne's diary are published in Amsterdam. Published in the United States in 1952; Now, translated into over 60 languages. Otto Frank places an advertisement in the newspaper trying to trace his daughters.