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Chapter 5: Age of Exploration
Transcript of Chapter 5: Age of Exploration
The compass was used to find the direction of a traveling ship.
It was likely that this tool was developed by in China approximately 1700 years ago. The success of explorations were dependent on the technology that they possessed. Prince Henry of Portugal funded and established a centre in Sagres where mathematicians, astronomers, sailors, and navigators from all over Europe gathered to share their knowledge. They improved many navigational instruments and maps. Astrolabe:
The astrolabe was used to locate the North Star or Sun to calculate latitude. It was developed by the ancient Greeks, improved upon by the Arab. Technological Advances in Ship Building Medieval Cogs:
Were built to carry passengers and cargo for relatively short distances at a time, and hard to maneuver.Medieval Cogs were likely to be found sailing in the same direction as the wind was blowing. Caravel:
These ships had two different types of sails; Lateen sails and traditional European square sails.It wasn’t until later on that the Portuguese improved this ship by adding the European sails. Canoes:
Were light, strong, and could be maneuvered through rapids. The First Nations people would use a combination of materials to improve the canoe.New ideas and technology allowed the people at the time to create ships that were able to handle any weather obstacles. Improvements in maps, navigational instruments, and ships were all essential in order for the explorations and expansion to happen during this time. #4 Expansionist views affected Europeans behavior in the new territories they reached. How Europeans were affected by Expansionism The Europeans were in competition with one another to establish trade routes for spices and other valuable goods. Gold and silver were needed for the expansion of many economies, so many European countries began to send explorations to gold and silver producing areas. Portugal was the first European country to establish a trading posts and cycles with Africa trading gold and other goods. The Portuguese also became involved in the slave trade in Africa. They would take the slaves to work in many different plantations established on islands in the Atlantic Ocean. Jewelery Artwork Spices The wealth and knowledge the Portuguese had brought back from explorations kept the country interested, therefore they continued to fund future expeditions. Bartholomeu Dias (Portugal), 1488 Vasco da Gama (Portugal) 1497 Expedition after expedition, the Portuguese fleets began making yearly trading trips to the Indian Ocean. The Arab thought the Portuguese as intruders and began attacking. Even though the Portuguese were at a size disadvantage, but they were able to defeat the Arab ships with cannons. While Portuguese planned to reach Asia by sailing around Africa, Christopher Columbus (Spanish) thought that a shorter route can be found by traveling to the west. Instead of finding Asia, he had ran into the Caribbean. The Spanish continued to search for a western sea route to Asia. During the year 1520, Ferdinand Magellan sailed along the coast of South America. Even though he had been killed in the Philippines, his ship continued, and he became the first to circumnavigate the world. Columbus' 1st Route Ferdinand Magellan's Route The Battle of Diu