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Transcript of SUPERHEROES
IT TAKE TO BE CALLED A SUPERHERO?
What? When? Who? Why?
does it stand for again?
were those created?
are those intriguing?
even reads about them?
Origins of the genre:
- "focus on the adventures of heroic figures possessing superhuman abilities"
"Superhero: The Secret Origin of a Genre" by Peter Coogan
Robin Hood, Zorro, Tarzan,
The Green Hornet
aka Bloody Penny, Penny Awful
British popular fiction
macabre and grotesque
supernatural and folklore
sensations for working class
popularized urban legends
(like Sweeney Todd, but there is a character more significant for now...)
"Spring Heeled Jack, the Terror of London"
by "Charlton Lea"
First, a demon-like villain;
then: a hero fighting crime in 19th century London (!)
gadgets and skills
THE SCARLET PIMPERNEL
by Baroness Emma "Emuska" Orczy de Orczi
Sir Percy Blakeney, saved people during the French Revolution
group of supporters and friends, the League of the Pimpernel
disguised as playboy
witty escape artist
SIGNIFICANT APPEARANCES IN BOOKS AND MAGAZINES
"John Carter of Mars" by Edgar Rice Burroughs - science fantasy, pulp fiction - aliens (!)
"The Scarecrow" by Russel Thorndike, later part of the League of the Extraordinary Gentlemen
"Zorro" by Johnston McCulley
(masked vigiliante, swordsman, secret identity, gadgets, secret base, black uniform,
a signature - the famous "Z")
Popularized technology enabled the characters
to move into a whole new dimension
“A fiery horse with the speed of light, a cloud of dust and a hearty Hi-Yo Silver! The Lone Ranger! ... With his faithful Indian companion Tonto, the daring and resourceful masked rider of the plains led the fight for law and order in the early west! Return with us now to those thrilling days of yesteryear! The Lone Ranger rides again!”
used proper vocabulary and no slang
never drank or smoked
shot to disarm, would not kill
made tools from scratch
believed in God, a patriot
George W. Trendle and Fran Striker
An iconic radio show with 2956 episodes,
adapted into numerous TV series and movies,
an inspiration for novels and animations
and a symbol of American pop-culture
THE FIRST REAL SUPERHERO
June 11, 1934
mystery magic + gadgets
illustrated by Phil Davis
created by Lee Falk...
February 17, 1936
"The Immortal Masked Vigilante"
family tradition of fighting crime
(every generation - a new Phantom)
The first hero to wear a
SUPERHEROES COMIC BOOM
the golden era and what was next
1938 - 1950s
Comics were cheap entertainment for troops, war themes were dominant
the ARCHETYPE of a superhero was created
April 18, 1938
considered to be the essence of a superhero
almost invincible, perfectly strong being
not very human-like in behavior
creator of the Justice League
swore to protect the Earth and the people
created by Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster
October, 1939 (the android)
Timely Comics (later - MARVEL Comics)
by Carl Burgos
appears in a storybook with the detective "Angel"
ability to control fire and alter temperature of objects
flight and above-average speed
not a human - "an invention" that came to life
had to learn self-control
an archenemy from a cross-over - the Sub-Mariner
vowed to help humanity fight crime
OF THE JUNGLE
Fiction House Comics
by Will Eisner & S. M. "Jerry" Iger
The first female superhero
OTHER KEY CHARACTERS:
"Fastest Man Alive"
inspired by the god Mercury
Martin Nodell & Bill FInger
Gardner Fox, Harry Lampert
the "chosen one"
power of imagination and strong will (the ring)
had to learn control
cooperates with other ring bearers (aliens!)
responsible for the Earth
Bob Kane & Bill Finger
The famous masked vigilante
personal vendetta - fighting crime
protects the "Gotham City"
special costume and gadgets
Alfred and Robin
archenemies (Joker, Penguin)
Joe Simon, Jack Kirby & Stan Lee
political creation (WW2; supporting the government,
fighting Hitler, the Nazis and the Japanese)
a patriot, Christian & military man
fine arts student (before transformation)
subject of an experiment (voluntary)
the Super Soldier
no superhuman powers (like other heroes), but
incredible strength, reflexes, healing and endurance
stars and stripes uniform
no weapons - only the shield
expert commander and tactician
archenemies resembled opposing values of the American
ideology (Nazism - Red Skull, Communism - Lukin, etc.)
William Moulton Marston
the most famous superheroine
fought for "justice, peace and love"
demigoddess/Amazon (pro-longed lifespan)
superhuman strength and endurance
weapons (lasso, bracelets, tiara, magical sword)
teamed with the Superman and Batman
C. C. Beck & Bill Parker
the most popular superhero at the time
chosen "champion of good"
The Worlds Mightiest Mortal
"magical" transformation ("Shazam!")
superhuman strength and endurance
used thunder in dire situations
...another notable character significantly popularized at the time...?
created by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks in 1928
At the time became really
popular thanks to comic
strips, short animations,
and full-length black&white animated movies, like
"Building a Building"
1950s - 1961
THE INEVITABLE EVOLUTION OF
The level of juvenile delinquency imposed censorship
HORROR, CRIME & ROMANCE dominated the comics
characters became more human
COMICS FINALLY BECAME COLLECTIBLES
(new Green Lantern, new Flash)
female version of
the Superman (his cousin)
the "teenage heroine"
Otto Binder & Al Plastino
Gardner Fox & Mike Sekowsky
First squad: Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, Aquaman, Flash, Green Lantern & Martian Manhunter
(before 1950 - Timely Comics)
"human feelings, some past
(THE writer & editor)
(illustrator & editor)
(illustrator & writer)
The Amazing Spider-Man,
The Amazing Spider-Man,
The Fantastic Four, X-Men,
Iron Man, The Avengers
Captain America, Thor, Fantastic Four, X-Men
A RESPONSE TO THE "JUSTICE LEAGUE"
THE FANTASTIC 4
a group of mutant-superheroes
led by Professor Xavier
THE AMAZING SPIDER-MAN
the forever-broke nerdy superhero
personal vendetta against crime in New York
secret identity (poor reporter, Peter Parker)
accidental mutation (spider bite)
spider webs and spider-like abilities
famous RED-BLUE-BLACK uniform
Iron Man, Ant-Man, Wasp, Thor, Hulk
Stan Lee & Jack Kirby
Mr Fantastic: elasticity, can manipulate his body freely
Invisible Woman: invisibility and power shields
Thing: stone-like flesh, superhuman strength
Human Torch: can generate flames and fly
a group of scientists who got exposed to radiation
(while on a mission to the outer space)
protect humanity and the Earth from their archenemy,
Dr Doom, and his vicious allies
Stan Lee &
Wolverine: the dangerous one
Cyclops: the leader
Storm: the demigoddess
Angel: the mythical creature
Jane Grey: the Phoenix
Rogue: the mystic
Beast: the scientist
protectors of the humankind
Stan Lee & Steve Ditko
Why Spider-Man was (and is) so popular?
The first superhero to face every-day problems
Spider-Man is one of the most recognized symbols of pop-culture!
like over-due school papers, loans, job-hunting, longer recovery after fights, sleep deprivation, etc.
Marvel introduced the "new line" of flawed characters:
Spider-Man, Iron Man, Hulk, Wolverine, Daredevil, the Ghost Rider
that the audience felt closer to.
Stan Lee & Jack Kirby
Joined later (significant examples):
Black Widow, Hawkeye, Scarlet Witch,
Quicksilver, Nick Fury and Mockingbird
"Earth's Mightiest Heroes"
led by Captain America
/ Iron Man / Nick Fury
extraordinary intelligence (scientist, genius)
a patriot, family military tradition
tactician and escape artist
billionaire and playboy
favored by many because of his humor
suffered from severe alcoholism (war trauma)
formerly constructed weapons for the USA
self-constructed iron suit
NO SECRET IDENTITY
Stan Lee, Jack Kirby & Don Heck
characters resembling heroes from MARVEL or DC, many taken down for plagiarism
anonymous publications of the top-rate illustrators and writers (failed market try-outs)
prototypes of later successful works (Deadpool, Ghost Rider)
addressing adults (avoided censorship - more violence and horror)
there were many of so-called
why would you become one if you don't have a powerful motivation?
wishing to live in a perfect world
following the path of righteousness
protecting loved ones
protecting the weak
standing up for justice
A real hero must have an enemy!
a twisted friend
an enemy from the past
the opposite of the hero
injustice or crime in general
killer of loved ones
To be a hero, you must look like one
with a symbol
not necessarily 100% functional
bulletproof if possible
obeying gravity is optional
A set of extraordinary skills and abilities
DOs & DON'Ts while doing super-things
try not to kill your enemies
protect your loved ones
don't hurt ordinary citizens
take care of your hometown/homeland/planet/galaxy/universe
show your absolute dedication
sacrifice yourself for greater good
never ever give up
protect your allies
always be there to help anyone who calls for your help
don't count on rewards
always save the day
never stop until you fight your archenemy
be on the good side
be always ready for action
have faith in your companions
OPTIONAL: can be accompanied by an army of evil minions
+ GADGETS & WEAPONS
extra-power (eg. elements)
ORIGINS OF THE SUPERPOWERS:
TYPES OF POWERS:
amazing reflexes and speed
tactics and strategy
power of mind