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Victorian Era Philosophy

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Yuqi Zheng

on 10 February 2015

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Transcript of Victorian Era Philosophy

Victorian Era Philosophy
Introduction
the period of Queen Victoria's reign ( 20 June 1837 -- 22 January 1901)
It was a long period of peace, prosperity, refined sensibilities and national self-confidence for Britain.
Some scholars date the beginning of the period in terms of sensibilities and political concerns to the passage of the Reform Act 1832.

Thank You
Intuitionism VS Utililtarianism
the two dominant moral philosophies in the Victorian period.
Intuitionism
An approach where mathematics is considered to be purely the result of the constructive mental activity of humans rather than the discovery of fundamental principles claimed to exist in an objective reality.a
Uililtarianism
A philosophy developed in the late 18th century which stated “it is the greatest happiness of the greatest number that is the measure of right and wrong.”
John Locke
(1632–1704)
He is among the most influential political philosophers of the modern period.
Locke remained a Christian, maintaining that since our minds are not capable of comprehending reality, we must supplement our knowledge with faith: he was also a strong advocate of religious liberty, writing four letters on the principle of religious toleration.

Conclusion
It was a tremendously exciting period
when many artistic styles, literary schools, as well as, social, political and religious movements flourished. It was a time of prosperity, broad imperial expansion, and great political reform. It was also a time, which today we associate with "prudishness" and "repression". Without a doubt, it was an extraordinarily complex age, that has sometimes been called the Second English Renaissance. It is, however, also the beginning of Modern Times.

Jeremy Bentham
(15 February 1748 – 6 June 1832)
He was a British philosopher, jruist, and social reformer.He is regarded as the founder of modern utilitarianism.

He became a leading theorist in Anglo-American philosophy of law, and a political radical whose ideas influenced the development of welfarism.
He advocated individual and economic freedom, the separation of church and state, freedom of expression, equal rights for women, the right to divorce, and the decriminalising of homosexual acts. He worked on utilitarianism, Economics, Law reform, Animal rights,gender and sexuailty and privacy.

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