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Composition in Art

10 Composition Guidelines

Aimee Zvinakis

on 25 March 2013

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Transcript of Composition in Art

10 Composition Guidelines
Every Art Student Should Know * Centre of Interest or Focal Point Decide what the most important thing in your work of art is and make it stand out somehow. This could be through... Use of colour Change in size Framing Detail * Simplicity Can be your best friend By isolating your objects, you
ensure that what is important is noticed.
Sometimes "less is more". * Ensure that your background and
foreground stay separate Watch that things in the background
do not look like they are growing out
of your subject. Avoid things that seem
to line up and try to make sure that the
background and objects are not the same
colour or value. * Create a strong
SCANNING PATTERN Use lines to guide your viewer
throughout your work of art. These
could be actual lines or... These could be patterns,
contrasting edges, etc...
that create
implied lines. Diagonal lines that run from the
edge of your work
(but not from the corner)
create a sense of movement
often are the most interesting
kinds of lines. * Use the Rule of Thirds The 4 "hot spots" in your
composition is where your eye
naturally is attracted to. This
is where you want your focal point to be. * Pay close attention to your framing Using something in the foreground
that surrounds your focal point will
help the viewer to focus on the centre
of interest. By making this framing less detailed, a duller colour or lower in value, you make the focal point stand out even more. * Viewpoint is Important A normal point of view is not necessarily the
best point of view for a subject. Experimenting
with angles and viewpoints of your subject can
really enhance your work and make it "pop"! * Pay Attention to How you use your space If something in the work is supposed to
be moving, give them room in the composition
to move into. Also... If there is a subject that appears to
be looking at something outside of the
picture frame, give space for them to look
into. * Rule of Odds In general, odd numbers of
subjects are more interesting
than even numbers.
1, 3, 5, etc... * Never Kiss the Frame When objects just touch or nearly touch
the edges of a composition, it creates tension
in the viewer. Place objects either completely
inside the frame or have them come off of the edges to create an open composition. Objects should not touch
the edge of the picture frame.
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