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Improvements in Afghanistan

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by

Samantha Lister

on 25 March 2013

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Transcript of Improvements in Afghanistan

2001 2002 2003 2004 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 & Future -health and hygiene promotion
-first aid and help finding right care
-improvements to water supplies and sanitation Education: Life Expectancy - 4, 500 schools built
- 40% permanent buildings
- 60% held in UNICEF shelters
or "desert schools" of 45 years US-led millitary invasion removed
Taleban from Afghanistan - More students then the pool
of qualified teachers. Statistic Afghan Government
=
failure Education: Life Expectancy between 62 and 64 Grew 18 years since 2001 Healthcare: -Fewer infants dying
-More women surviving childbirth 1/2 of population under 18 years old Working disrupts
education and
prevents complete
schooling. 1/4 of children between
7 and 14 years old are
working. We are more
committed in
improving
afghanistan's
education system.
(GSEP) Health Care: Better curriculum Education: -Fewer infant deaths
-Access to clean water still difficult
-Cases of Measles and Polio declined
-Diarrhoea = Many infant deaths
-Health care = Limited Education: Statistics: -Four million attend school - 6 million girls and boys started
attending school. - Primary school enrollment - 1 to 7 million
(to 2010) Statistics 1 in 9 children die
before 1st birthday
1 in 6 children die under
age of 5
45% primary age don't goto school
30% under five affected
by diarrhoea
60% of homes = unsafe water We are helping to
target what needs to
be taken care of
the most. Health Care: -From 2004-2006, major improvements for many key measures in health care system. Key Measures: -Essential drugs and family planning supplie's
-Improved quality of patient care
-Increased antenatal care to pregnant women
-Upgraded skills among health workers
-Increase of female workers
-High patient satisfaction Health Care: # households able to spot signs of pneumonia - 51% to 83% Reduce fatal diseases (dysentery) Clean water consumption rose 44% to 84% New facilities allows children to attend school regularly Benefit 100 000
girls and 4 600
teachers. Americans: - 2014: Complete transition from "combat"
to "support" mission.
- Hand country's security to Afghan forces. - Construction projects aiming towards
expanding paved roads. Security and
peacekeeping tactic. Development: Poverty: More afghans say they are better off now. Infrastructure: -More access to electricity Opium: - Slow decline of production Health: - Immunisation programmes Statistics: - 54% say they
are more
prosperous
than in 2001. Afghans Opinion: - Their life is much better then before (Taliban Rule) Afghanistan:
Improvements Over Time - Healthcare improvements Life Expectancy: 62 to 64 years old - 25% chance of death before 5th birthday Statistics: - 10 % chance of death
before 5th birthday - Better maternity care contributes - Lack of money. Health: Hamid Karzai was named President at the Loya Jirga session on June 19, 2002 -No third world country has received as much outpouring of support and aid as has Afghanistan since 2001. -Women are aloud to vote for the first time in afghanistan in October of 2004. Politics: 2002-2012; a decade of progress and hope -NATO has been conducting
security operations since 2003,
while also training and developing
the Afghan National Security Forces

-NATO will later on sign a Declaration
on Enduring Partnership with Afghanistan.

-NATO continues showing commitment to
Afghanistan. NATO: Member Countries -Albania -Germany -Belgium
-Greece -UK -Netherlands
-Bulgaria -Hungary -Norway
-Canada -Iceland -Poland
-Croatia -Italy -USA
-Czech Rep -Latvia -& more
-Denmark -Lithuania
-Estonia
-France Education: Politics: Education enrollment 1 million Education: Education enrollment 7.2 million 37% girls 11695 principals & 3351 were trained since 2002 Infrastructure: -USAID began building roads, schools and
clinics in 2002. (American Aid Program, US-AID) "Hopes were high in
Afghanistan in 2001
following the
international intervention" British Red Cross "Despite these gains,
health facilities in
Afghanistan have
room for
improvement in
several area's"
-Gilbert Burnham The Constitution of Afghanistan Passages: " The citizens of Afghanistan – whether man or woman – have equal rights and duties before the law " (Article Twenty-two) " Education is the right of all citizens of Afghanistan, which shall be provided up to the level of the B.A. (lisâns), free of charge by the state. " (Article Forty-Three) - Improvements for Human Rights Statistics: -Adopted in January 2004 - Social Justice - Respect for Human dignity
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