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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

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on 24 March 2014

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Transcript of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
-Obsessive Thoughts-
Fear of contamination by germs or dirt or containing others
Fear of causing harm to yourself or others
Instrusive sexually explicit thoughts or images
Excessive focus or Religious or mental images
Fear of losing or not having things you might need
Order and Symmetry: the idea that everything must be "just right"
Superstitions; excessive attention to something idered lucky or unlucky
-Compulsive Behaviors-
Excessive double checking of things, such as locks, appliances and switches.
Repeatedly checking in on loved ones to make sure they're safe
Counting,tapping, repeating certain words, or doing other senseless things to reduce anxiety
Spending a lot of time washing or cleaning
Ordering or arranging things "just so "
OCD is characterized by unreasonable thought and fears (obsessions) that lead you to do repetitive behaviors (compulsions). It is also possible to have only obsessions or only compulsions and still have OCD.
What is obsessive compulsive disorder?
Most individuals with OCD benefit from certain psychiatric medication. This treatment approach is directed towards a specific receptor deficit. The first-line medication prescribed in individuals with OCD is serotonin in nature (it targets the serotonin).

Facts about OCD

OCD is a disorder that has a neurological basis.
 It equally affects men, women and children of all races, ethnicity and socioeconomic backgrounds. 
In the United States, about 1 in 40 adults and 1 in 100 children have OCD.  According to the World Health Organization, OCD is one of the top 20 causes of illness-related disability, worldwide, for individuals between 15 and 44 years of age.

Theories on Causes

Current scientific thinking holds that OCD results from a confluence of factors––a biological predisposition, environmental factors including experiences and attitudes acquired in childhood, and faulty thought patterns.

The fact that many OCD patients respond to SSRI antidepressants suggests the involvement of dysfunction somewhere in the serotonin neurotransmitter system.

Ongoing research suggests there may be a genetic defect in other chemical messenger systems in the brain.
OCD may coexist with depression, eating disorders, or attention deficit disorder, and it may be related to disorders such as Tourette's syndrome, and hypochondria, though the nature of the overlap is the subject of intense psychiatric scrutiny and debate.

Treatment Options

Obsessive-compulsive disorder has a slow onset and in most cases takes years for the symptoms to reach the full-blown stage. However, in some individuals there is a rapid onset of symptoms associated with a traumatic event such as a loss or pregnancy. Unfortunately, individuals with OCD often keep their condition secret and it can take years until they seek treatment. A poor prognosis is registered in individuals that yield rather than resist to compulsions.
There are several treatment options available for individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder, such as: medication, psychotherapy, and neurosurgical treatment
Help Guide
Mayo Clinic
National Institute for Mental Health
National Institute of Health
Psychology Today
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