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Aborignines, Australien

Fill Lars Dahms

on 12 November 2012

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Transcript of Aborigines

A presentation by Fill Dahms and Nathan Truckle Aboriginal People The first Australians Aborigines have lived in Australia for between 60,000 and 40,000 years, their early ancestors coming from South-East Asia. Approximately there were between 300,000 and 1,000,000 Aborigines in Australia when European settlers first arrived in 1788. Dreamtime Aborigines believed that the world was made by the Ancestors, back in the "Dreamtime". The aborigines lives are related to the land and being one with the environment. The land is not just the physical rocks, trees, and rivers but the land is part of the people spiritually. The Culture Although the sizes of the tribes varied, they had much in common. Australia (before the European colonisation) had no animals for herding, so the Aborigines lived by hunting and collecting food. The size of the tribe and the area in which they could hunt and collect were limited by the being and quantity of fresh water. As the numbers of the tribe grown and they got short of water, subgroups were send out to discover new water and set up new territories. Spirit and Religion Each tribe was managed by religious leaders, with no political chief or formal government, and was broken down into bands (hunting groups) and also local groups (family units). These family units were very important, as all members of a tribe were related. The territory of the tribe was placed where its ancestors had live before, and the people believed that the spirits of these ancestors stayed at the watering place of the centre of the territory. Spirituality and religion played a major role in the Aboriginal culture. Colonisation The process of colonisation by European people, has had a radical effect on Aboriginal culture. Many others died of disease, starvation and, cultural dislocation. Today, there are fewer than 230,000 Aborigines in Australia, less than 2% of the population. Protection Attempts have been made by the Australian government to protect Aboriginal culture, beginning in the late 1920s with the creation of special reserves. Aborigines are now officially recognised as Australian citizens. Some Aborigines fear that assimilation will change Aboriginal cultural identity. Today Aborigines today confront many problems as a result of the colonial project. Most of the Aborigines today live in poor areas, they have less knowledge and 20% of them are out of work. The government is trying to change some of these points by a medical screening of children and increasing the amount of teachers and of police.
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