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Human Origins in Africa
Transcript of Human Origins in Africa
In your notebook define the following terms:
Read and take notes on Chap.1./Sec.1. (p.5-11.)
Aim: What were the major achievements in human history during prehistoric times?
How do historians learn about the past?
1. written records (primary and secondary sources)
2. oral records
3. visual records (paintings, photographs)
4. historic artifacts (buildings, tools, everyday objects) 5. fossils
Prehistory: dates back before the invention of writing
archeologists --> artifacts
anthropologists --> culture
paleontologists --> fossils of early hominids
Artifact: an object made by a human being, typically an item of cultural or historical interest
Culture: the way of life of a group of people.
Culture includes common practices of a society, its shared understandings, and its social organization. Culture helps to unify the group.
Out of Africa Theory
1. Earliest hominid footprints found in Tanzania (East Africa)
2. Earliest human skeleton "Lucy" found in Ethiopia (East Africa)
4 to 1 million B.C.
found in southern and eastern Africa
developed opposable thumb
Paleolithic Age: Old Stone Age
2.5 million to 8000 B.C.
Neolithic Age: New Stone Age
8000 B.C. to 3000 B.C
polished stone tools
"man of skill"
2.5 - 1.5 million years ago
found in East Africa
first to make stone tools
"the upright man"
1.6 million to 30.000 B.C.
first hominid to move out of Africa
first to use fire
developed technology (more sophisticated tools)
may have developed language
first to live in hunter-gatherer societies
Why was the discovery of fire so important?
"the wise man"
200,000 to 30,000 B.C.
found in Europe and SW Asia
larger brains than modern humans
not ancestors to modern humans
lived in caves during ice age
made clothes from animal skins
used tools, fire, hunted
first to have ritual burials
Cro-Magnons or European Early Modern Humans
40,000 - 8,000 B.C.
migrated from North Africa to Europe and Asia
ancestors of modern humans
more specialized tools
planned and coordinated hunting
advanced language skills
How did Neanderthals and Cro-Magnons differ from earlier peoples?
On an exit slip answer the Aim question:
What were the major achievements in human history during the Old Stone Age?
In your notebook answer the following question:
Homework for Friday:
Read and take notes on Chap.1. Sec. 2.