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Human Origins in Africa

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Emoke Edgington

on 13 September 2013

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Transcript of Human Origins in Africa

Human Origins in Africa
Location 2
Final Destination
Do Now:
In your notebook define the following terms:
Paleolithic Age
Neolithic Age

Read and take notes on Chap.1./Sec.1. (p.5-11.)
Aim: What were the major achievements in human history during prehistoric times?
How do historians learn about the past?
1. written records (primary and secondary sources)
2. oral records
3. visual records (paintings, photographs)
4. historic artifacts (buildings, tools, everyday objects) 5. fossils
Prehistory: dates back before the invention of writing
archeologists --> artifacts
anthropologists --> culture
paleontologists --> fossils of early hominids
other scientists
Artifact: an object made by a human being, typically an item of cultural or historical interest

Culture: the way of life of a group of people.
Culture includes common practices of a society, its shared understandings, and its social organization. Culture helps to unify the group.
Out of Africa Theory
1. Earliest hominid footprints found in Tanzania (East Africa)
2. Earliest human skeleton "Lucy" found in Ethiopia (East Africa)
Hominid development:

Homo habilis
Homo erectus
Homo sapiens
4 to 1 million B.C.
found in southern and eastern Africa
"bipedals"=walked upright
developed opposable thumb
Paleolithic Age: Old Stone Age
2.5 million to 8000 B.C.

Neolithic Age: New Stone Age
8000 B.C. to 3000 B.C
polished stone tools
pottery making
growing crops
raising animals
Homo habilis
"man of skill"
2.5 - 1.5 million years ago
found in East Africa
first to make stone tools
Homo erectus
"the upright man"
1.6 million to 30.000 B.C.
first hominid to move out of Africa
first to use fire
developed technology (more sophisticated tools)
may have developed language
first to live in hunter-gatherer societies

Why was the discovery of fire so important?
Homo Sapiens
"the wise man"
200,000 to 30,000 B.C.
found in Europe and SW Asia
larger brains than modern humans
not ancestors to modern humans
lived in caves during ice age
made clothes from animal skins
used tools, fire, hunted
first to have ritual burials
mysteriously vanished
Cro-Magnons or European Early Modern Humans
40,000 - 8,000 B.C.
migrated from North Africa to Europe and Asia
ancestors of modern humans
more specialized tools
planned and coordinated hunting
advanced language skills

How did Neanderthals and Cro-Magnons differ from earlier peoples?
Summary Activity
On an exit slip answer the Aim question:
What were the major achievements in human history during the Old Stone Age?
Do Now:
In your notebook answer the following question:
Homework for Friday:
Read and take notes on Chap.1. Sec. 2.
Full transcript