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Transcript of Modals
group by meaning to consolidate information
higher proficiency ELLs Modals Modals and Meanings "an auxiliary verb that expresses feelings, attitudes, or opinions in a verb phrase (can, might, should)" Folse, 2009, p. 334 Folse, K. S. (2009). Keys to teaching grammar to English language learners: A practical handbook. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. Work Cited auxiliary verbs
shades of meaning
the "flavor" Top 10 would
will (be going to)
can (be able to)
had better single word modals
modal phrases may, might, could
should, ought to
will I may to bed.
I should go to bed.
I must go to bed.
I will go to bed. degrees of certainty 1.) I should to study.
2.) I should study.
1.) She will helps me.
2.) She will help me. 1.) Do you could help me study?
2.) Could you help me study? Common Mistakes No "to" after single word modals. Do not add endings
(-s -ed -ing) to verbs after modals. Form questions by inverting the subject and modal. Q: Did you do the homework?
A: Yes, I could do it. A: Yes, I was able to do it.
A: Yes, I did it. wrong! correct! Negative response No, I was not able to do it.
No, I could not do it. beginning one modal at a time
can, will, should
focus on grammatical mistakes (adding -s) intermediate might, must, could
some meanings are more important
tenses advanced past tense
present in context Chunking subject change
substitution Substitution I should study.
work I should study.
We should study.
We should drive.
We can drive.
She can drive.
She cannot drive.
She cannot work. Difficulties for ELLs Many languages have a variation of modals. There is rarely one-to-one correspondence for modals between languages. Without mastery, ELLs will appear harsh and demanding when they communicate. More Activities Advice column
Cause and effect