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Substance Abuse

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Pamela Varela

on 26 November 2013

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Transcript of Substance Abuse

Substance Abuse
Race/Ethnicity
African American 14.4 %
White 10.4 %
Hispanic 10.2%
Asian 3.8 %
Age Group
12 - 17: 8.4 %
18 - 24: 8.2 %
25 - 44: 10.3%
45 - 64: 13.7%
Gender
Male: 10.7%
Female: 10.9%
The Portion of Persons Who Need Alcohol and/or Illicit Drug Treatment and received specialty treatment for abuse in 2011.
Socioeconomic
Cultural
According to Dr. Hansen, Professor of Sociology of the State University of New York at Potsdam, the higher the social status of an individual the more likely he/she is to abuse alcohol.
http://www2.potsdam.edu/hansondj/Controversies/Drinking-Alcohol-and-Income-Education-and-Social-Class-or-Status.html#.UjoNN7_D_IU
Psychosocial
Males are more likely than females to abuse alcohol and smoke marijuana.
http://epirev.oxfordjournals.org/content/26/1/36.full
http://www2.potsdam.edu/hansondj/Controversies/Drinking-Alcohol-and-Income-Education-and-Social-Class-or-Status.html#.UjoNN7_D_IU

"An estimated 22 million Americans struggled with a drug or alcohol problem. Almost 95% of people with substance use problems are considered unaware of their problem. Of those who recognize their problem, 273,000 have made an unsuccessful effort to obtain treatment."

Levels of Prevention
Primary Prevention
it before it starts.
Promotes and protects any threats against health.

Demographics
Secondary Prevention
Taking action and treating early signs of the problem.
Keeps problem from becoming long-term.
Tertiary Prevention
Treatment of the current long-term problem.
Restoration to individuals optimal level.
In Substance Abuse:
counseling
educational programs
law enforcement programs
confrontation
Description of Indicator
"Substance abuse refers to a set of related conditions associated with the consumption of mind and behavior altering substances that have negative behavioral and health outcomes."
Nursing Theory
Person
:
the person makes the conscious choice to use substances.
Environment
:
external influences pushes the person to substance abuse.
Health and Illness:
substance abuse leads to biological defect/impairment.
Nursing:

to provide optimal care through the nursing process.
"The quest for intoxication or altered consciousness appears to be so widespread and ancient that one author proclaimed it 'a primary motivational force in the behavior of any organism…the fourth drive.'”
Heath, D.B. (2001).
The Native American culture participates in excessive alcohol and substance abuse. According to Legha and Novins, the "communities' history of oppression and eradication is the predominant cause" of the abuse.
" It is valued as a medicine by some, although scorned as a poison by others. It is cherished as a sacrament by some and dismissed as sacrilegious by others."
What religions use alcohol as a sacrament?
Alcohol
DXM
Prescription Pills
Studies have shown that adolescents are more likely to abuse prescription drugs rather than illegal street drugs
Smoking marijuana is twice as common in people who are unemployed. The lower the social status, the more likely an individual would use marijuana.
Substance abuse is two times more common in people who are unemployed.
Males begin smoking marijuana at an earlier age than females.
If your partner abuses illicit drugs and/or substances, you are more likely to follow.
People who have a dysfunctional domestic life are more likely to abuse heroin or cocaine than those with a normal domestic situation.
Alcohol is the most commonly abused substance in the United States.
Motor vehicle accidents caused by drunk driving are the second leading cause of adolescent death in the United States.
"Binge drinking is the practice of consuming large quantities of alcohol in a single session, usually defined as five or more drinks at one time for a man, or four or more drinks at one time for a woman."
"About 90% of the alcohol consumed by youth under the age of 21 in the United States is in the form of binge drinks."
http://ps.psychiatryonline.org/article.aspx?articleID=1157613
http://www.drugfreeworld.org/drugfacts/the-truth-about-drugs.html
Dextromethorphan is found in over the counter cold and cough medicines.
It is sold in many forms, such as syrup, gel, or tablet, but is found to cause the most harm in powder form.
DXM is found in over one hundred products. The most commonly abused products where DXM is found are Coricidin and Robitussin.
It can cause central nervous system and heart problems resulting in fatality.
http://www.drugfreeworld.org/drugfacts/prescription/abuse-of-over-the-counter-drugs.html
Just because a doctor prescribes a drug, does that make it safe?
http://ps.psychiatryonline.org/article.aspx?articleID=1157613
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0193953X05702422
References
Foundation for a Drug-Free World. (2013). Our Drug Culture. In The Truth About Drugs. Retrieved from http://www.drugfreeworld.org/drugfacts/the-truth-about-drugs.html
Foundation for a Drug-Free World. (2013). Prescription Drug Abuse: A Serious Problem. In The Truth About Prescription Drug Abuse. Retrieved from http://www.drugfreeworld.org/drugfacts/prescription-drugs.html
Galea, S., Nandi, A., & Vlahov, D. (2004). The Social Epidemiology of Substance Abuse. Oxford Journals, 26, 36-52. Retrieved from http://epirev.oxfordjournals.org/content/26/1/36.full
Hanson, D.J. (2013). Drinking Alcohol and Income, Education, and Social Class or Status. In Alcohol Problems and Solutions. Retrieved from http://www2.potsdam.edu/hansondj/Controversies/Drinking-Alcohol-and-Income-Education-and-Social-Class-or-Status.html#.UoJlu9KshsJ
Heath, D.B. (2001). Culture and Substance Abuse. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 24, 479-496. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0193953X05702422.
Healthy People. (June, 2013). Substance Abuse. Leading Health Indicators. Retrieved from U.S Department of Health and Human Services. Website: http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/LHI/substanceAbuse.aspx?tab=data
Legha, R.K., & Novins, D. (2012). The Role of Culture in Substance Abuse Treatment Programs for American Indian and Alaska Native Communities.Psychiatric Services, 63, doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.201100399.

By: Ashlee Rosa, Sarah Snyder, and Pamela Varela
Full transcript