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Era Project, Am Lit Hr. 2


Shadie Brooks

on 28 May 2013

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Transcript of Era Project, Am Lit Hr. 2

Religion 3 Major Topics Renaissance Aileen Gustmann
Michelle Dettmer
Shadie Brooks
Taylor Luna Art Philosophy Humanism Religion Important People Art Styles Techniques Architecture Info Walls/Windows Building Characteristics Architecture Renaissance architecture:between the early 15th and 17th century Vaults
Columns and Pilasters
Details Walls Use a layering technique of.....
Painting Pablo Uccello


Lorenzo Ghilberti

Fra Angelico

Giovanni Bellini Sort of went against religion(humanism)

past reflected within more modern time

unified truth to humanity.. preservation Creator was Petrarch

Hardcore religion to materialistic

People worried about themselves over higher power

Was earthly/ wicked Changes a lot

Highest power Roman Catholicism

It fails The Columns and Pilasters Highest power (Sort of dictator like)

Corruption (Buying their way into power)

Breakage of priestly vows

Became materialistic Domes Domes/Details Details Arches Art Info The art history corresponds to the western age of discovery Early Renaissance (1400-1500)
High Renaissance (1500-15250
Mannerism (1520-1600) Renaissance also know as the Quattrocento External walls are generally
Highly finished ashlar masonry Windows May be paired and set within a semi-circular arch May use square lintels and triangular or segmental pediments Arches/ Vaults Are semi-circular or segmental There often used in arcade, piers or columns Vaults Vaults do not have ribs
There semi-circular or segmental but on a
square plan Used frequently
Very large structural that is visible from the exterior
Roofing smaller places are only visible internally Moldings and all decorative details are carved with great precision Moldings stand out around doors and windows They were no longer regarded to be mere artisans
First time they emerged as independent personalities
It became a task of painters to portray this world in to their art The painters achieve the greatest latitude in.....
pictures Christianity From older traditions

Showed loyalty between people and authority Important Events Wait, what? What are science and technology? Niccolo Machiavelli Birth: May 3 1469 Florence Italy
Death: June 21 1527 Florence Italy
Occupation: Writer
AKA. The Prince Dante Alighieri Birth: 1265 Florence Italy

Death:September 14 1321 Ravenna Italy

Occupation: Poet

Wrote La Commedia (divine comedy) William Shakespeare Birth: April 23 1564

Death: April 23 1616

Occupation: Writer, poet

wrote comedies, history, tragedies and poems Styles Secular music:
-non-church music

Sacred music:
- church music

-dance music became popular

-mixing of Gregorian chants with new polyphony compositions music... was an important part of social, civil
and religious life

-big group of musicians
- wanted to improve music
-wanted to spread music Inventions People You Should Know Other People Philosophers:
Francis Bacon (1561-1626): English philosopher, statesman, scientist
Robert Boyle (1627-1691):17th-century philosopher, chemist, physicist, and inventor
Francisco de Vitoria (1483-1546): Roman Catholic philosopher, theologian, founder of the tradition in philosophy important events -invention of the printing press

Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina is famous for his new style of composition --> polyphony Science &
Technology Leonardo da Vinci
Was an Italian Renaissance polymath: painter, sculptor, architect, musician, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist (plant biologist), and writer Isaac Newton
Was an English physicist and mathematician who is widely regarded as one of the most influential scientists of all time Mathemeticians:
Pedro Nunes (1502-1578): known for his contributions in the field of navigation
John Napier (1550-1617): "discoverer of logarithms"
Johann Bernoulli (1667 – 1748): known for his contributions to infinitesimal calculus Music music in the renaissance -great interest in art especially music

-new song forms
-new instruments
-new genres

time period of rebirth and new inventions Important Buildings Basilica of St. Peter

The Sistine Chapel

Palazzo Pitti

Palazzo Farnese

El Escorial

Pazzi Chapel Next step would be underpainting... High Renaissances Early Renaissances Mannerism Concepts derived from classical antiquity were developed Architects experimented with forms and emphasize It marks the victory of individualism and the uncompromising individual Art Characteristics Religious and non-religious scenes
Art reflected a great interest in nature
Figures are lifelike,3D, Knowledge of anatomy
Real people doing everyday tasks
Face expressions
Colors responding to light
Often Symmetrical
Full backgrounds-Perspective Miguel de Cervantes Literature Occupation: Novelist, poet, and playwrite

Birth: September 29, 1547

Death: April 23, 1616

Wrote: Sonnets, as well as novels and plays God bears with the wicked, but not forever.
Miguel de Cervantes http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/m/miguel_de_cervantes.html#XkbxZSGK5MIsti08.99 Catholic Church The art began to grow and expand and it was the first creation of science

In the 15th and 16th centuries art became the most important Arectangle columns
Is to give in support
Only for decoration Used to be supported
Then it adds more decoration Columns Pilasters Thechnology: the branch of knowledge that deals with the creation and use of technical means and their interrelation
Science: a branch of knowledge or study dealing with a body of facts or truths systematically arranged and showing the operation of general laws •Galileo Galilei
Was an Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher, whose achievements include improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical observations Clocks (1600's)
Spectacles (1287)
Flush toilet (1596)
Lenses (Microscope and Telescope) (1590-1608)
Printing Press (1456)
Submarine (1620)
Pendulum (1581) Wallpaper (1496)
The match (1680)
Steam pump (1698)
Pressure cooker (1679)
Barometer (1643)
Slide rule (1642)
First calculating machine (1671)
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