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Copy of Elements of Drama
Transcript of Copy of Elements of Drama
Drama comes from the Greek word "dran"
it means "to do" or "to act"
That is what makes it unique...
Drama is a form of literature meant to be performed for an audience, either on stage or before a camera.
Like fiction, drama has one or more characters...
...but since it isn't a narrative,
has to be achieved through:
What the characters say & do
What other characters say about them
How they look
List of Characters
usually at the beginning
may/may not have a brief description
Different from fiction, because it is written as a script:
Like fiction, the setting of a drama can be:
any time or place in the past, present, or future
real or imagined
Details about the setting are often left up to the director and designers.
Setting in a drama is revealed in the stage directions or through dialogue
Acts & Scenes
Like fiction, drama has a plot based on the development and resolution of conflict.
• Printed in
(writing that is slanted)
• Often enclosed in parentheses
• Tell actors how to move or describe scenery or props
• Can also include suggestions for costumes, lighting, or sound
Like fiction, all works of drama have at least one theme, or central idea about life.
Most plays, no matter their setting or subject matter, have themes that are
relevant to a wide audience.
The dialogue or stage directions may describe some of the visual elements needed for the play.
Scenery – the decorations on stage that help create the setting
Props – the objects that actors need during a play
Costumes - the clothing, make-up, and/or hair a character wears
Lighting - illuminates the stage, but also illustrates setting and sets a mood.
Sound - music or other sound effects
Scenes – action is divided into units called scenes
Scenes change whenever the setting (time, place, or both) changes
Acts – sometimes scenes are grouped into longer acts.
Most modern plays are two acts with an intermission in between
* In a movie or television script, act and scene changes are not always labeled.
JACK. Let's go up this hill.
JILL. Okay, but I hope we don't fall.
• Majority of the play is dialogue
• Reveals both the plot and the characterization
• Dialogue appears next to the character’s names
Instructions for the director, performers, designers, or stage crew.