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Transcript of California
CITIES OF CALIFORNIA
TWO FAMOUS MONUMENTS OR PLACES
more information of
Food and music
Los Ángeles was founded on September 4th, 1781, by the Spanish Governor Felipe de Neve and it´s the most populated city in California
In Los Ángeles you can find Hollywood that is the world leader in creating television productions, video games, music and movies that are successful worldwide
San Francisco is a popular destination for international tourists. It is famous for the Golden Gate Bridge, the Transamerica Pyramid building and the trams that go around the steep streets. The city has too some islands, being Alcatraz the most important.
Sacramento is the capital city of California. It is situated in the San Francisco Bay Area.
Its current mayor is Kevin Johnson, that was a NBA player.
It is a city situated near the sea.
It is famous for its mediterranean climate and its beautiful beaches.
It is a sidewalk along Hollywood Boulevard and Vine Street in Hollywood, California, in which soil, over 2000 stars of 5 ends are placed with the names of celebrities that Hollywood has honor for his contribution to the film industry or the series, theater, music and radio.
The flag of California was adopted for the Legislature of the State of California in 1911.
The flag of California is formed by a white background with a red band in the lower part, with a grizzly bear in its heart, that it is accompanied with a star of five tips of red color in the top left part and the name of the State like republic in English.
Stamp of California
bird of California
Alcatraz Island is informally known as simply Alcatraz or as The Rock. It is a small island located in the middle of San Francisco Bay in California. In it, there was located the Lighthouse of Alcatraz, and was used as a military fortification, a military prison and later as a federal prison until 1963. It became a national park in 1972 and received the designation National Historic Landmark in 1976 and 1986.
Today, the island is a historic site and it is open for tours. Tourists can reach the island by ferry from Pier 33, near Fisherman's Wharf in San Francisco.
The Great Seal of the State of California is the official stamp of the state.
It was adopted during the Constitutional Convention in California in 1849 and was changed in 1937. The stamp depicts Athena, Greek and Roman goddess of wisdom, a grizzly bear and several grapes wine production representing the state. Also we found a sheaf of grain, representing agriculture, and a miner, representing the California Gold. In 1862, the California State Legislature established the California State Normal School and gave his great stamp at school.
The California quail is the state bird of California. It was established as the state bird in 1931. The California quail, also known as the California valley quail or valley quail, is a small ground-dwelling bird in the New World quail family. These birds have a curving crest or plume. Males have a dark brown cap and a black face with a brown back, a grey-blue chest and a light brown belly. Females and immature birds are mainly grey-brown with a light-colored belly.
The California poppy was designated in 1930. California poppy grows wild throughout the state. Native Americans in California valued the poppy as a food source and for the oil extracted from the plant. Every year, April 6 is California Poppy's Day and May 13th - 18th is Poppy's Week.
The Governor of California is the head of the government administration in the state of California. Its main responsibilities are to the State Speech to the California legislature, budgeting, and ensure that state laws are enforced .
In addition the Governor of California is the Commander in Chief of the State Constitutional Militia, ie the California National Guard (part of the system of the National Guard of the United States ) .
The office of Governor of California was created in 1849 before California became a state of the United States of America.
The current governor is Jerry Brown , a member of the Democratic Party, from 3 January 2011 and succeeding Arnold Schwarzenegger.
Borders of California
The borders of California are Oregon, Nevada, Arizona and México. At the North, its border is Oregon. At the South East, its border is Arizona. At the East its border is Nevada.
Climate of California
• Coastal and southern regions of the state have a Mediterranean climate, with slightly rainy winters and dry summers.
• The sea generally creates desirable temperatures statewide, creating warmer winters and cooler summers, especially in coastal regions of the state.
• Northern California has a moderately oceanic climate and generally receives higher annual rainfall amounts than southern portions of the state.
• The further inland you go, the more continental the climate becomes, with some areas turning semi-arid with colder winters and hotter summers.
• California’s valleys tend to have a distinct summer dry season and a cool, foggy rainy season.
A varied range of micro-climates, dominated by a mild Mediterranean climate, and health-conscious diets and lifestyles in California, promote the production, use and consumption of fresh fruits, vegetables and meats, many of them organic.
In Northern California, with wine country nearby, French, Italian, and Mediterranean inspired food is prominent, as well as Asian-inspired fare. Many of the restaurants, cafes, bistros, and grills use ingredients sourced from local growers and farmers' markets.
The California coast, especially the North Coast and Central Coast regions, is a source of seafood, which is a staple in the California diet.
Battered and fried foods are not as common in California as they are in other regions, but there are several exceptions, such as fish tacos, tempura and french fries.
The agricultural diversity of California's Central Valley provides fresh produce in the state. On less than 1 percent of the total farmland in the US, the Central Valley produces 8 percent of the nation's agricultural output by value.
Shellfish and seafood
Gourmet food products
Restaurant chains such as McDonald's, Jack in the Box, In-N-Out Burger, Carl's Jr., Wienerschnitzel, Del Taco, Taco Bell, Panda Express, Original Tommy's, Fatburger and Big Boy were all established in Southern California.
In Southern California, smaller chains like The Hat feature hamburgers, Mexican food, chili fries, and pastrami.
While gastropubs are not unique in California, the concept of the gourmet burger is very popular.
Dungeness crab ready to eat atFisherman's Wharf in San Francisco
In Northern California and the Central Coastal region, Dungeness crab is abundant. Sardines and Salmon were formerly major industries, before declines in fish stocks.
Pizza topped with egg from the Chez Panisse cafe
California-style pizza focuses on non-traditional pizza ingredients, such as fresh produce and barbecued meats. First popularized by Wolfgang Puck's Spago restaurants, it was later brought to the masses by restaurants such as California Pizza Kitchen.
Barbecue has been a part of California cuisine since the Mexicans cooked beef in pit barbecues on ranches in the 1840s. Santa Maria is famous for the Tri-tip, a special kind ofbeef cut that can be grilled, baked, braised, or roasted. California's barbecue style is also influenced by the regional Southwestern American styles of Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and Oklahoma, brought on by thousands of Dust-Bowl migrants. Chicken, beef ribs, sausages, and steaks are also routinely grilled or smoked in a pit. The barbecue sauce used in this state is tomato-based, as with all other western states. Santa Maria barbecue, however, uses no sauce, relying instead on the flavor of the tri-tip and the slow live oak fire over which it is cooked.
Many gourmet food products and companies had their start in California, including Peet's Coffee & Tea, one of the first purveyors of arabica coffee beans in the United States
In the United States, California is commonly associated with the film, music, and arts industries; there are numerous world-famous Californian musicians. Hardcore punk, hip hop, country, and heavy metal have all appeared in California. Furthermore, new genres of music, such as surf rock and third wave ska, have their origins in California.
Native Americans of many different kinds lived in California prior to the discovery of the New World by Europe. Most of the tribes were culturally related to each other, as well as to the Yuman-speaking peoples of Arizona and New Mexico. They use a relaxed vocal technique, in stark contrast to Native Americans from much of the rest of North America. The songs of this area are non-strophic, and are characterized by the use of a rise, a section of a song which is slightly higher in pitch than the rest of the song. This technique is absent or rare outside of the California-Yuman area, known only among some tribes on both coasts of North America.
Some singers borned in California are Katy Perry, Cher, Zendaya and Laura Marano.
Carne asada fries from El Chilé in southSan Diego, California
Because of California's colonial Spanish roots, Mexican territorial history, and its original population consisting of Meso-Americans, Spanish colonizers and Mexican ranchers, Mexican and Spanish-origin cuisine is very influential and popular in California, particularly Southern California.
Commercial, quick "taco shop-style" Mexican fast-food, consisting of offerings such as burritos, refried beans, tortas, tacos, nachos, quesadillas and carne asada fries is widely popular. Countless Taco shops can be found throughout California.
Examples of these foods include tamales, tortillas, tostadas, mole, menudo, pozole, sopes, chile relleno and enchiladas.
As one of the U.S. states nearest Asia and Oceania, and with long-standing Asian American and Oceanian American populations, the state tends to adopt foods from those national styles. The American sushi craze undoubtedly began in California; the term 'California roll' is used to describe sushi with avocado as a primary ingredient. These days, items like mochi ice cream and boba are popular.
Fusion cuisine is quite popular in California. The emphasis of California Cuisine is on the use of fresh, local ingredients which are often acquired daily at farmers markets. Menus are changed to accommodate the availability of ingredients in season. Some restaurants create a new menu daily.
California chef Wolfgang Puck is known as one of the pioneers of fusion cuisine, popularizing such dishes as Chinese chicken salad at the restaurant Ma Maison in Los Angeles. His restaurant "Chinois" in Santa Monica was named after the term attributed to Richard Wing, who in the 1960s combined French and Chinese cooking at the former Imperial Dynasty restaurant in Hanford, California.