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Versailles Role Play Activity
Transcript of Versailles Role Play Activity
Who Was to Blame?
The year is 1919. On the 11th of September an armistice was signed to stop the fighting but the Triple Entente are blockading German ships until the final peace treaty is signed.
It is the Big 4 (Uk, France, Italy and the Us) plus 22 associated nations that negotiate the treaty.
No representatives from the defeated countries (this means Germany) are present.
The Big Four (from left to right): David Lloyd George (Britain), Vittorio Emanuele Orlando (Italy), Georges Clemenceau (France) and Woodrow Wilson (USA) in Versailles. Photo by Edward N. Jackson.
Negotiations are held at the Palais of Versailles in France.
What actually happened?
1. Who was to blame?
Germany to accept full responsibility for the war.
3. Reparations - Who was going to pay?
Germany to pay reparations of over 390 billion dollars of today's money.
2. Armies-should armies be made smaller?
The German Army is restricted to: 100,000 men, no submarines, no airplanes and 6 battleships
4. Who should own areas of land like Alsace-Lorraine and the Rhineland?
Germany lost Alsace-Lorraine to France.
Germany kept the Rhineland, but had to stay demilitarised.
Poland given an extra strip of land, so Germany had to split into two parts.
Lost 13% of all German land and 6 million people.
5. League of Nations?- How to prevent future wars?
The League of Nations is established.
The League is to own Germany's colonies.
6. Extra points? Germany and Austria?
Germany is banned from union with Austria.
Was it fair?
Before the Versailles Conference Eric Geddes Said:
"We shall squeeze the German lemon until the pips squeak"
Then What happened?
The Allies present the competed treaty to Germany and expect it t be signed immediately and without negotiation.
The German Chancellor (the first democratically elected leader of the country) refuses to sign and resigns his position.
The Allies threaten to renew hostilities.
The Naval blockade remains in place .
Approximately 750,000 German civilians had died due to food and medical shortages caused by the blockade.
So the new German President, Friedrich Ebert, signed the treaty under protest.
Now, You need to divide yourselves into 8 groups of 3 and one group of 2.
I will assign you a country.
Firstly: discuss with your country what you want for each point.
Now get together with the other countries and decide on the terms of the treaty.