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Gymnastics

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jena hendrix

on 2 June 2015

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Transcript of Gymnastics

Gymnastics
Gymnastics is a sport involving the performance of exercises requiring physical strength, flexibility, power, agility, coordination, grace, balance and control
Girls events include: bars, beam, floor, vault.
Boys events include: floor, pommel horse, rings, high bar, parallel bars, vault.
Rules and Guidelines: It is divided into ten levels. Each level requires specific skills that are incorporated into the routines that are competed at various competitions.
The sport has a very high intensity level. Skill and strength endurance are needed, along with mental strength.
Constant short bursts of activity length
Ankle Sprains / Breaks: Treatment
Ankle Sprains: PRICE, crutches, sometimes a walking boot.
Ankle Breaks: Depending on the break, surgery may be needed. If surgery is not needed, the leg will normally be put in a cast for 4-6 weeks.
After cast is removed the leg will be weaker, so exercises will be needed for the ankle to return to full strength.
Ankle breaks are sometimes considered better than sprains because once the break is healed the gymnast can return to normal workout.
With a sprain the athlete may need to be taped and cautious for a long period of time.


Ankle Sprains / Breaks: Prevention
At most gyms there is an everyday exercise list for basic strengthening, such as standing on a wobble board with one foot, etc.
Extra mats can provide extra padding for new skills to reduce some of the impact.
Basic injuries can be caused from simple things such as stepping on water bottles or landing on a crooked mat.
These injuries can be reduced if the gymnast checks to make sure the mats are safe and everything is out of the way.
Knee Injuries: Treatment
Doctors will recommend crutches and ice, and most likely an MRI to assess the severity of the injury.
If the tear is bad enough, surgery would be the best option to heal the injury.
These type of injuries will prevent the athlete from competing for about 6 months.
Directly after the injury occurs, the athlete should be splinted and immobilized.
Knee Injuries: Prevention
For a gymnast, daily knee strengthening is an everyday occurrence.
The athlete should watch out for uneven landing surfaces.
They should try to finish their twist completely before landing.
Common Injuries:
Ankle Sprains / Breaks, Knee Injuries, Stress Fractures, Hand ripping
These injuries are common in both male and female gymnasts
Tendonitis and stress fractures are common overuse injuries
These are common because there is a large amount of impact and twisting that occurs in this sport
Hand Rips: Treatment
Get rid of old, dead skin
Put a medication on to clean
Some people prefer tea bags for healing
Tape is often applied during the workout
Hand Rips: Prevention
Grips are worn to prevent ripping and slipping of hands on the bars
Bag balm is a typical ointment applied to toughen the palms of the hands
Stress Fractures: Treatment
Common injury because of the constant impact.
Doctors normally tell the athlete to stop impact until pain is decreased.
Ice and pain relievers may be recommended to reduce pain and inflammation.
To promote healing the athlete may be put in a cast or a walking boot.
They can take a long time to heal, resting and icing is the best and quickest route to recovery.
Stress Fractures: Prevention
Gymnasts must pay attention to their bodies. If a pain is increasing over a period of time, and it is tender to touch, they should reduce impact and see a doctor.
There are many exercises that increase strength.
Vitamin D and extra calcium may also help with bone density and strength.
Basic Anatomy
Ankle:
Sprains and breaks are mostly acute injuries

Knee:
Knee tears are caused by twisting and impact at the same time
acute injury
Stress Fracture:
Stress fractures are caused by continuous impact over a period of time, which makes them a chronic injury.
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