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Old Testament Prophets & Writings 2015 Master
Transcript of Old Testament Prophets & Writings 2015 Master
Text & Literary
Composition & Copying
Old Testament Prophets & Writings
Orienting the Prophetic and Poetic Books to God's Saving Story in the Old Testament
What is God's relationship to the natural world?
What does the Pentateuch tell us about God's ways with human beings?
The best way of describing God's relationship with his world?
What is God like?
How is God known?
paradise lost and
city of man/
city of God
The Potential Outcome of Studying the Story of God
"He stores up success for the upright; He is a shield for those who live with integrity, (8) so that He may guard the paths of justice and protect the way of His loyal followers.
(9) Then you will understand righteousness, justice, and integrity-- every good path. (10) For wisdom will enter your mind, and knowledge will delight your heart."
(Proverbs 2:7-10 HCSB)
Israel's pre-settlement origins
c. 1450-1400 B.C. by narrative's internal implied chronology (esp. 1 Kings 6:1) linked via monarchy chronology into attested ANE history
Israel's original ancestors
c. 2100-1850 B.C. by narrative's chronological hints (esp. Exod. 12:40 in Hebrew text) and genealogical information
Humanity's primordial origins
c. 4200-2100 B.C. by genealogical content of Genesis 5, 11
Israel's monarchic history
c. 1000-586 B.C. going by twin annals of royal lines of Israel (northern kingdom) and Judah (southern kingdom)
1 Samuel-2 Kings/1-2 Chronicles
Israel's pre-monarchic stories
c. 1400-1000 B.C. by narrative's internal implied chronology (esp. 1 Kings 6:1) linked via monarchy chronology into attested ANE history
Yehud's post-exilic history
586-350 B.C. or so, the period that saw the final prophecy and history content of the OT arise and much of the important scribal collation that produced our present OT.
Jeremiah 40-44, Ezra-Nehemiah
Promises to the Patriarchs
Our Approach to
Understanding Old Testament books
wisdom, psalms and o. poetry
The Canonical Order of the Hebrew Bible
The Eighth-Century Prophets
The Prophets of Judah's Dying Days
The Prophets of the Return
Cyrus' decree permitting the Jews' return
Temple reconstruction completed
Cyrus II 550-530
Darius I (522-486)
Nebuchadnezzar II (604-562)
Battle of Carchemish:
extinction of the Assyrian Empire
Death of Josiah (641-609)
Jehoiachin submits to Babylon/ first deportation
Jehoiachin's release from confinement
Jeremiah (627-c. 580)
Semester 2 Subject Orientation
: the big-picture perspective covering this part of the Old Testament that follows the more historically-focused first portion.
: to understand what makes the non-historical (not unhistorical) books and genres tick, and learn to more effectively and skilfully use them in personal understanding, spiritual growth and life and ministry, that is...
Reviewing Old Testament Foundations (the first semester course)
The suspension-bridge idea symbolizes the fact that the early books of the OT, from Genesis through Kings, have a historical 'matrix' and tell a redemptive story.
For this reason some scholars call Genesis-Kings as a whole the 'primary history', as telling a story about God's working with Israel from creation and the call of Abraham to the exile of Judah in 586 BC.
The rest of the OT, our subject for this semester, is not primarily historical in focus and does not form a chain of events in the same way.
But the prophetic books especially, and other books like Psalms in some respects, need to be understood against their historical context and their place in the redemptive story told in the 'primary history'.
The OT canon as you are used to seeing it
The OT canon as arranged in the Hebrew Bible: the format we will follow (as do most OT scholars & our ACT syllabus)
Daniel (605-538+) >>
"The year that King Uzziah died," Isa. 6:1
Syro-Ephraimite Crisis (Isa. 7); Fall of Damascus
Fall of Samaria
Jeroboam II (-c. 749)
Uzziah (-c. 742)
Jotham (c. 746-731)
Tiglath-Pileser III (745-727)
Sargon II (722-705)
Assyrian siege of Jerusalem