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Old Testament Prophets & Writings 2015 Master

OT Prophets & Writings, sem. 2, 2015, Melbourne School of Theology
by

Andrew Brown

on 9 September 2015

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Transcript of Old Testament Prophets & Writings 2015 Master

History & Society
Text & Literary
Features
Theology
Composition & Copying
History of
Interpretation
Themes
Genesis
Exodus
Leviticus
Numbers
Deuteronomy
Joshua
Judges
1 Samuel
2 Samuel
1 Kings
2 Kings
Pentateuch/Torah
Historical Books/
Former Prophets

1-11
12-50
HISTORY
THEOLOGY
CREATION
Ezra-Nehemiah
Old Testament Prophets & Writings
Orienting the Prophetic and Poetic Books to God's Saving Story in the Old Testament
THEOLOGY
HISTORY
TEXT
World
What is God's relationship to the natural world?
Humanity
What does the Pentateuch tell us about God's ways with human beings?
Covenant
The best way of describing God's relationship with his world?
God
What is God like?
How is God known?
Chosen
Community
Self
Wider
Society
biblical
theology
paradise lost and
paradise regained
creation-fall-
redemption-
new creation
old covenant
new covenant
seven
dispensations
city of man/
city of God
kingdom
of God
saving
story
The Potential Outcome of Studying the Story of God
"He stores up success for the upright; He is a shield for those who live with integrity, (8) so that He may guard the paths of justice and protect the way of His loyal followers.
(9) Then you will understand righteousness, justice, and integrity-- every good path. (10) For wisdom will enter your mind, and knowledge will delight your heart."
(Proverbs 2:7-10 HCSB)
being
knowing
doing
Israel's pre-settlement origins
c. 1450-1400 B.C. by narrative's internal implied chronology (esp. 1 Kings 6:1) linked via monarchy chronology into attested ANE history
Exodus-Deuteronomy
Israel's original ancestors
c. 2100-1850 B.C. by narrative's chronological hints (esp. Exod. 12:40 in Hebrew text) and genealogical information
Genesis 12-50
Humanity's primordial origins
c. 4200-2100 B.C. by genealogical content of Genesis 5, 11
Genesis 1-11
Israel's monarchic history
c. 1000-586 B.C. going by twin annals of royal lines of Israel (northern kingdom) and Judah (southern kingdom)
1 Samuel-2 Kings/1-2 Chronicles
Israel's pre-monarchic stories
c. 1400-1000 B.C. by narrative's internal implied chronology (esp. 1 Kings 6:1) linked via monarchy chronology into attested ANE history
Joshua-1 Samuel
Yehud's post-exilic history
586-350 B.C. or so, the period that saw the final prophecy and history content of the OT arise and much of the important scribal collation that produced our present OT.
Jeremiah 40-44, Ezra-Nehemiah
eyewitness history
traditional stories
pre-history
Beginnings
Promises to the Patriarchs
Joseph Cycle
Jacob Cycle
Abraham Cycle
theological themes
Genesis
REDEMPTION
Our Approach to
Understanding Old Testament books
prophecy
historical
narrative
law
wisdom, psalms and o. poetry
GEN
EXOD
LEV
NUM
DEUT
JOSH
JUDG
SAM
KGS
1-2
CHR
EZRA
-NEH
DAN
ECCL
SOS
ESTH
LAM
RUTH
PROV
JOB
PSA
EZEK
JER
ISA
~1000 BC
~1100 BC
~970 BC
~850 BC
~550 BC
MAL
ZECH
HAG
ZEPH
NAH
HAB
OBAD
JONAH
MIC
HOS
JOEL
AMOS
THE TWELVE
(MINOR PROPHETS)
The Canonical Order of the Hebrew Bible
https://prezi.com/zquzb425m20g/isaiah-zions-disaster-deliverance-and-destiny/
https://prezi.com/kpx-qvd98oyy/jeremiah-to-uproot-and-tear-down/
https://prezi.com/a5ywwgbrd75h/ezekiel-i-have-made-you-a-watchman/
https://prezi.com/el_ltqhca5sp/the-book-of-daniel-living-in-the-lions-den/
https://prezi.com/vgnmrgsrxzeb/psalms-sound-track-for-a-spiritual-journey/
C6th
C7th
C8th
The Eighth-Century Prophets
The Prophets of Judah's Dying Days
The Prophets of the Return
Cyrus' decree permitting the Jews' return
538
516
Temple reconstruction completed
Zechariah (520-516)
Haggai
(520-518)
Cyrus II 550-530
Cambyses
Darius I (522-486)
(530-522)
Persian rulers
Babylon
500 BC
Nebuchadnezzar II (604-562)
600 BC
Nabonidus
(556-539)
Babylonian rulers
Assyria
Nabopolassar (625-605)
Battle of Carchemish:
extinction of the Assyrian Empire
605
609
Death of Josiah (641-609)
597
Jehoiachin submits to Babylon/ first deportation
586
Jerusalem destroyed/
Zedekiah executed/
second deportation
561
Jehoiachin's release from confinement
Jeremiah (627-c. 580)
Zephaniah
Habakkuk
<< Nahum
Ezekiel (593-571)
Obadiah
Semester 2 Subject Orientation
Focus
: the big-picture perspective covering this part of the Old Testament that follows the more historically-focused first portion.
Task
: to understand what makes the non-historical (not unhistorical) books and genres tick, and learn to more effectively and skilfully use them in personal understanding, spiritual growth and life and ministry, that is...
Reviewing Old Testament Foundations (the first semester course)
The suspension-bridge idea symbolizes the fact that the early books of the OT, from Genesis through Kings, have a historical 'matrix' and tell a redemptive story.
For this reason some scholars call Genesis-Kings as a whole the 'primary history', as telling a story about God's working with Israel from creation and the call of Abraham to the exile of Judah in 586 BC.
The rest of the OT, our subject for this semester, is not primarily historical in focus and does not form a chain of events in the same way.
But the prophetic books especially, and other books like Psalms in some respects, need to be understood against their historical context and their place in the redemptive story told in the 'primary history'.
The OT canon as you are used to seeing it
The OT canon as arranged in the Hebrew Bible: the format we will follow (as do most OT scholars & our ACT syllabus)
750 BC
700 BC
Daniel (605-538+) >>
"The year that King Uzziah died," Isa. 6:1
Syro-Ephraimite Crisis (Isa. 7); Fall of Damascus
733-32
722
Fall of Samaria
Jeroboam II (-c. 749)
Uzziah (-c. 742)
Jotham (c. 746-731)
Ahaz (731-715)
Hezekiah (715-686)
Menahem/Pekah/Pekahiah (752-732)
Hoshea (732-722)
Assyrian rulers
Tiglath-Pileser III (745-727)
Shalmanezer V
Sargon II (722-705)
Sennacherib (704-681)
(726-722)
701
Assyrian siege of Jerusalem
742
<<Jonah
Amos
Isaiah (742-700+)
Micah (<732-715+)
Hosea (<742-715+)
https://prezi.com/at86jzvyumrr/eighth-century-minor-prophets-hosea-amos-micah/
Full transcript