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Old Testament Prophets & Writings 2017 Master
Transcript of Old Testament Prophets & Writings 2017 Master
Text & Literary
Composition & Copying
Old Testament Prophets & Writings
Orienting the Prophetic and Poetic Books to God's Saving Story in the Old Testament
What is God's relationship to the natural world?
What does the Pentateuch tell us about God's ways with human beings?
The best way of describing God's relationship with his world?
What is God like?
How is God known?
paradise lost and
city of man/
city of God
The Benefits of Studying the OT Story of God
"My son, if you accept my words and store up my commands within you, ... then you will find the knowledge of God.
Then you will understand righteousness, justice, and integrity-- every good path. For wisdom will enter your mind, and knowledge will delight your heart."
(Proverbs 2:1, 5b, 9-10 Holman CSB)
Israel's pre-settlement origins
c. 1450-1400 B.C. by narrative's internal implied chronology (esp. 1 Kings 6:1) linked via monarchy chronology into attested ANE history
Israel's original ancestors
c. 2100-1850 B.C. by narrative's chronological hints (esp. Exod. 12:40 in Hebrew text) and genealogical information
Humanity's primordial origins
c. 4200-2100 B.C. by genealogical content of Genesis 5, 11
Israel's monarchic history
c. 1000-586 B.C. going by twin annals of royal lines of Israel (northern kingdom) and Judah (southern kingdom)
1 Samuel-2 Kings/1-2 Chronicles
Israel's pre-monarchic stories
c. 1400-1000 B.C. by narrative's internal implied chronology (esp. 1 Kings 6:1) linked via monarchy chronology into attested ANE history
Yehud's post-exilic history
586-350 B.C. or so, the period that saw the final prophecy and history content of the OT arise and much of the important scribal collation that produced our present OT.
Jeremiah 40-44, Ezra-Nehemiah
Promises to the Patriarchs
Our Goals in
Old Testament Prophets & Writings
The Canonical Order of the Hebrew Bible
The Eighth-Century Prophets
The Prophets of Judah's Dying Days
The Prophets of the Return
Cyrus' decree permitting the Jews' return
Temple reconstruction completed
Cyrus II 550-530
Darius I (522-486)
Nebuchadnezzar II (604-562)
Battle of Carchemish:
extinction of the Assyrian Empire
Death of Josiah (641-609)
Jehoiachin submits to Babylon/ first deportation
Jehoiachin's release from confinement
Jeremiah (627-c. 580)
The Theological Relationship of the Canonical Blocks of the OT
The wisdom books are more abstracted from Israel's history, a
on what's true about God (theology) and living for God (morality & ethics) in all times and places.
The poetic books creatively express the life lived before God, with varying degrees of distance from Israel's history.
The OT canon as you are used to seeing it
Daniel (605-538+) >>
"The year that King Uzziah died," Isa. 6:1
Syro-Ephraimite Crisis (Isa. 7); Fall of Damascus
Fall of Samaria
Jeroboam II (-c. 749)
Uzziah (-c. 742)
Jotham (c. 746-731)
Tiglath-Pileser III (745-727)
Sargon II (722-705)
Assyrian siege of Jerusalem
To understand each book's message as God-given, grounded in God's saving relationship with Israel, and still relevant for God's people today.
Through the word of God comes true wisdom:
To understand each book, and the Prophets, poetic and Wisdom books as a whole, against the background of Israel's history and covenant as narrated in Genesis through Kings (studied in sem. 1, 'OT Foundations)
To understand the remaining books of the Old Testament as works of literature, in order to most clearly and accurately ascertain their message.
To get the major point(s) of each book, and therefore...
Law and Former Prophets
The books of Genesis–Kings are partly historical in nature and relate the
of establishment by God of his covenant relationship with Israel and its outworking in human history. They are sometimes called the 'Primary History'.
The prophetic books, Isaiah–Malachi, are not historical narrative but offer divine
on Israel's conduct late in the history of Israel. That prophetic commentary has been recorded, pondered, revised, and transmitted in these books, supplying a theological analysis of Israel's covenant story.
Poetry & Wisdom
The Disaster of Exile
The shocking loss of the Davidic dynasty, destruction of Jerusalem, and exile of Judah constitute the burning question that touches nearly every OT book: is our relationship with God over?
It really isn't until the advent of Jesus, described in the Gospels, that this question is answered.
wisdom, psalms and o. poetry