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Old Testament Prophets & Writings 2017 Master

OT Prophets & Writings, sem. 2, 2017, Melbourne School of Theology
by

Andrew Brown

on 14 July 2017

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Transcript of Old Testament Prophets & Writings 2017 Master

History & Society
Text & Literary
Features
Theology
Composition & Copying
History of
Interpretation
Themes
Genesis
Exodus
Leviticus
Numbers
Deuteronomy
Joshua
Judges
1 Samuel
2 Samuel
1 Kings
2 Kings
Pentateuch/Torah
Historical Books/
Former Prophets

1-11
12-50
HISTORY
THEOLOGY
CREATION
Ezra-Nehemiah
Old Testament Prophets & Writings
Orienting the Prophetic and Poetic Books to God's Saving Story in the Old Testament
THEOLOGY
HISTORY
TEXT
World
What is God's relationship to the natural world?
Humanity
What does the Pentateuch tell us about God's ways with human beings?
Covenant
The best way of describing God's relationship with his world?
God
What is God like?
How is God known?
Chosen
Community
Self
Wider
Society
biblical
theology
paradise lost and
paradise regained
creation-fall-
redemption-
new creation
old covenant
new covenant
seven
dispensations
city of man/
city of God
kingdom
of God
saving
story
The Benefits of Studying the OT Story of God
"My son, if you accept my words and store up my commands within you, ... then you will find the knowledge of God.
Then you will understand righteousness, justice, and integrity-- every good path. For wisdom will enter your mind, and knowledge will delight your heart."
(Proverbs 2:1, 5b, 9-10 Holman CSB)
being
knowing
doing
Israel's pre-settlement origins
c. 1450-1400 B.C. by narrative's internal implied chronology (esp. 1 Kings 6:1) linked via monarchy chronology into attested ANE history
Exodus-Deuteronomy
Israel's original ancestors
c. 2100-1850 B.C. by narrative's chronological hints (esp. Exod. 12:40 in Hebrew text) and genealogical information
Genesis 12-50
Humanity's primordial origins
c. 4200-2100 B.C. by genealogical content of Genesis 5, 11
Genesis 1-11
Israel's monarchic history
c. 1000-586 B.C. going by twin annals of royal lines of Israel (northern kingdom) and Judah (southern kingdom)
1 Samuel-2 Kings/1-2 Chronicles
Israel's pre-monarchic stories
c. 1400-1000 B.C. by narrative's internal implied chronology (esp. 1 Kings 6:1) linked via monarchy chronology into attested ANE history
Joshua-1 Samuel
Yehud's post-exilic history
586-350 B.C. or so, the period that saw the final prophecy and history content of the OT arise and much of the important scribal collation that produced our present OT.
Jeremiah 40-44, Ezra-Nehemiah
eyewitness history
traditional stories
pre-history
Beginnings
Promises to the Patriarchs
Joseph Cycle
Jacob Cycle
Abraham Cycle
theological themes
Genesis
REDEMPTION
Our Goals in
Old Testament Prophets & Writings
GEN
EXOD
LEV
NUM
DEUT
JOSH
JUDG
SAM
KGS
1-2
CHR
EZRA
-NEH
DAN
ECCL
SOS
ESTH
LAM
RUTH
PROV
JOB
PSA
EZEK
JER
ISA
~1000 BC
~1100 BC
~970 BC
~850 BC
~550 BC
MAL
ZECH
HAG
ZEPH
NAH
HAB
OBAD
JONAH
MIC
HOS
JOEL
AMOS
The Canonical Order of the Hebrew Bible
https://prezi.com/zquzb425m20g/isaiah-zions-disaster-deliverance-and-destiny/
https://prezi.com/kpx-qvd98oyy/jeremiah-to-uproot-and-tear-down/
https://prezi.com/a5ywwgbrd75h/ezekiel-i-have-made-you-a-watchman/
https://prezi.com/el_ltqhca5sp/the-book-of-daniel-living-in-the-lions-den/
https://prezi.com/vgnmrgsrxzeb/psalms-sound-track-for-a-spiritual-journey/
C6-5th
C7th
C8th
The Eighth-Century Prophets
The Prophets of Judah's Dying Days
The Prophets of the Return
Cyrus' decree permitting the Jews' return
538
516
Temple reconstruction completed
Haggai
(520-518)
Cyrus II 550-530
Cambyses
Darius I (522-486)
(530-522)
Persian rulers
Babylon
Zechariah (520-516)
500 BC
Nebuchadnezzar II (604-562)
600 BC
Nabonidus
(556-539)
Babylonian rulers
Assyria
Nabopolassar (625-605)
Battle of Carchemish:
extinction of the Assyrian Empire
605
609
Death of Josiah (641-609)
597
Jehoiachin submits to Babylon/ first deportation
586
Jerusalem destroyed/
Zedekiah executed/
second deportation
561
Jehoiachin's release from confinement
Jeremiah (627-c. 580)
Zephaniah
Habakkuk
<< Nahum
Ezekiel (593-571)
Obadiah
The Theological Relationship of the Canonical Blocks of the OT
The wisdom books are more abstracted from Israel's history, a
meditation
on what's true about God (theology) and living for God (morality & ethics) in all times and places.
The poetic books creatively express the life lived before God, with varying degrees of distance from Israel's history.
The OT canon as you are used to seeing it
750 BC
700 BC
Daniel (605-538+) >>
"The year that King Uzziah died," Isa. 6:1
Syro-Ephraimite Crisis (Isa. 7); Fall of Damascus
733-32
722
Fall of Samaria
Jeroboam II (-c. 749)
Uzziah (-c. 742)
Jotham (c. 746-731)
Ahaz (731-715)
Hezekiah (715-686)
Menahem/Pekah/Pekahiah (752-732)
Hoshea (732-722)
Assyrian rulers
Tiglath-Pileser III (745-727)
Shalmanezer V
Sargon II (722-705)
Sennacherib (704-681)
(726-722)
701
Assyrian siege of Jerusalem
742
<<Jonah
Amos
Isaiah (742-700+)
Micah (<732-715+)
Hosea (<742-715+)
https://prezi.com/at86jzvyumrr/eighth-century-minor-prophets-hosea-amos-micah/
To understand each book's message as God-given, grounded in God's saving relationship with Israel, and still relevant for God's people today.
Through the word of God comes true wisdom:
Godly character
True knowledge
Upright living
To understand each book, and the Prophets, poetic and Wisdom books as a whole, against the background of Israel's history and covenant as narrated in Genesis through Kings (studied in sem. 1, 'OT Foundations)
To understand the remaining books of the Old Testament as works of literature, in order to most clearly and accurately ascertain their message.
To get the major point(s) of each book, and therefore...
Law and Former Prophets
The books of Genesis–Kings are partly historical in nature and relate the
story
of establishment by God of his covenant relationship with Israel and its outworking in human history. They are sometimes called the 'Primary History'.
semester 1
semester 2
(Latter) Prophets
The prophetic books, Isaiah–Malachi, are not historical narrative but offer divine
commentary
on Israel's conduct late in the history of Israel. That prophetic commentary has been recorded, pondered, revised, and transmitted in these books, supplying a theological analysis of Israel's covenant story.
Poetry & Wisdom
The Disaster of Exile
The shocking loss of the Davidic dynasty, destruction of Jerusalem, and exile of Judah constitute the burning question that touches nearly every OT book: is our relationship with God over?
It really isn't until the advent of Jesus, described in the Gospels, that this question is answered.
Malachi (400s)
historical
narrative

prophecy
wisdom, psalms and o. poetry
law
THE TWELVE
(MINOR PROPHETS)
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