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Refugees and Deprivation
Transcript of Refugees and Deprivation
Loss of Safety
Refugees often choose to leave their country of birth because of a loss of physical safety, whether from war or other dangers.
These dangers may include:
- Frequent bombings or explosions.
- Violence from individuals or groups.
- Chemical warfare
- Imprisonment and torture
Physical Deprivation on the Journey
- After a decision to leave, a refugee's journey may yet be full of physical danger.
- Escaping a war-torn country is no guarantee of safety.
- Many refugees experience lingering mental health issues including Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and depression.
Loss of Security
Persons who find themselves trapped in a war zone experience a loss of security, an inability to provide for one's basic needs.
Introduction: Who is a Refugee?
An individual who is
his or her country of nationality or habitual residence who is unable or unwilling to return due to a well-founded
fear of persecution.
1. If the UK was involved in a civil war, how would you be affected?
2. What deprivations were experienced by the child in the video?
You have should have been given identity cards at the start of the lesson.
For the rest of the lesson you will assume their identity, and imagine experiencing their perspective.
Section I: Trauma at Home
- Loss of antibiotics
- Loss of common treatments
- Shortage of medical equipment
- Spread of preventable diseases
One of the first things to go in a civil war is access to basic healthcare.
Activity 1 - 5 minutes
- Read the "medical information" on your identity card.
- Distributed around your tables are different medical resources.
- Find what you need as quickly as possible. You may decide that you need more than one item.
- Return to your tables and complete the writing task for Activity 1.
You will understand the physical deprivations encountered by many refugees.
Activity 2 - 5 Minutes
Answer the questions under "Activity 2" on your guided notes in 2-3 complete sentences.
How would the threat of violence affect your character personally? Think about your character’s age and family members.
The Long Way to Safety
Hypothermia and Hyperthermia
- Hypothermia is defined as having a core body temperature below 35.0 °C.
- At temperatures this low, the body's major organs begin shutting down.
- Water carries heat away from the body almost 25 times faster than the open air.
- Hyperthermia is defined as having a core body temperature above 38°C.
- Severe hyperthermia typically results in heat stroke.
- In hot climates, hyperthermia is often the result of severe dehydration.
Other Physical Dangers
Whether traveling by land or by sea, refugees often experience a number of other physical dangers, including:
- Thieves/Human Trafficking
- Exhaustion/Sleep Deprivation
Activity 3 - 2 minutes
Answer the question under "Activity 3" on your Guided Notes page.
Think about Video 4 and what you’ve just learned. On a scale from 1 to 10, how at-risk is your character on a long journey, either by sea or by land?
- Answer the questions under "Activity 4" on your Guided Notes.
Based on the information in your ID card and what you’ve learned, what do you think is your character’s greatest fear? Why?
Using everything you've learned in this lesson, and the personal information on your identity card, make a final decision for your character.
Do you leave your country of origin, or remain at home? Why or why not? What are your chances if you stay? And if you leave?
Write your answer on your Guided Notes. If you have a smartphone, you may instead go to socrative.com, click "Student Login", enter the room code: VFNRJ0GN, and type your answer instead.
- To learn more about ongoing refugee crises, try following the UN Refugee Agency on Instagram, @unrefugees or on Facebook.
- You can also visit therefugeeproject.org to see a visualization of the world's refugees.
You have been given a page of guided notes, which you are expected to fill out completely throughout the morning.
Students who contribute meaningfully to the discussion may be awarded Vivos.
Directions: Take two minutes and answer Question 1 before watching the video. Answer Question 2 after watching the video.