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agrarian reform

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Ma. Mickaela Janina Bauda

on 15 September 2012

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Transcript of agrarian reform

AGRARIAN REFORM It is defined as the rectification of the whole system of agriculture. It refers to the full range of measures that may or should be taken to improve or remedy the defect in the relations among men with respect to the rights in the use of land. LAND REFORM 1. On agricultural productivity - Agrarian reform may decrease the agricultural productivity if collectivization and land fragmentation are introduced.

2. On poverty - Agrarian reform can minimize the extent of poverty and also improve the real per capita income of rural workers.

3. Income and living standards - Agrarian reform measures increase the productivity and thus results to rise in income of rural farmers which will in turn improve the living standard of rural people. Agrarian reform has several effects to the rural economy; 4. Employment - Agrarian reform measures result in better employment

5. Investment and capital formation - Agrarian reform can change the labor-capital-ratio that is needed for any economic development.

6. Impartiality in rural population - Agrarian reform has a significant influence in the economic and political structure of the rural areas. 1. Public health provisions
2. Family planning
3. Education and training of farmers
4. Reorganization of land reform agencies
5. Application of labor laws to agricultural workers.
6. Construction of infrastructure facilities
7. Organization of various types of voluntary associations
8. Provide employment opportunities for underemployed or surplus rural labor
9. Other services which are community development in nature MEASURES OF THE AGRARIAN REFORM AGRARIAN REFORM HISTORY During the pre-Spanish period, early Filipinos lived in a society where stratified social classes existed. This period was in fact bountiful for everyone had access to the fruit of the soil. Pre-Spanish Period The concept of Royal Land Grants or the encomienda was introduced. Spanish Period General Emilio Aguinaldo declared in the Malolos Constitution his intention to confiscate large estates, especially the so called Friar lands. However, considering that the Republic was short loved, Aguinaldo's plan was never implemented. The First Philippine Republic Significant laws were enacted; American Period Philippine Bill of 1902
Land Registration Act of 1902
Public Land Act of 1903
Rice Share Tenancy Contracts Act
Sugar Cane Tenancy Contracts Act Americans constituted the Torrens System for the registration of lands, but did not solve the problem completely. Either they were not aware of the law or if they did, they could not pay the survey cost and other feeds required in applying for a Torrens title. TORRENS SYSTEM SIGNIFICANT LEGISLATIONS ENACTED; Commonwealth Period The 1935 Philippine Constitution
Commonwealth Act No. 178
National Rice and Corn Corporation
Commonwealth No. 461
Rural Program Administration
Commonwealth Act No. 441 HUKBALAHAP controlled the whole areas of Central Luzon and landlords who supported the Japanese lost their lands to peasants while those who supported the Huks earned fixed rentals in favor of the tenants. Japanese Period After the establishment of the Philippine independence in 1946, the problems of the land tenure remained. These became worst in certain areas of the country. Thus, the Congress of the Philippines amended the tenancy law. THE PHILIPPINE REPUBLIC Rice Share Tenancy Act of 1946
Republic Act No. 55 President Manuel Roxas (1946 -1948) Enacted the following laws: Executive Order No. 355
National Land Settlement Administration with Land Settlement Development Corporation (LASEDECO) President Elpidio Quirino (1948 - 1953) Republic Act No. 1160 of 1954
Republic Act No. 1199 ( Agricultural Tenancy Act of 1954)
Republic Act No. 1400 ( Land Reform Act of 1955)
Republic Act No. 821 (Creation of Agricultural Credit Cooperative Financing Administration)
President Ramon Magsaysay (1953 -1957) He continued the program of President Ramon Magsaysay. No new legislation was passed. President Carlos P. Garcia (1957 - 1961) Republic Act No. 3844 (Agricultural Land Reform Code, August 8, 1963) President Diosdado Macapagal (1961 - 1965) Abolished share tenancy, institutionalized leasehold, set retention limit at 75 hectares, invested rights of preemption and redemption for tenant farmers, provided for an administrative machinery for implementation, institutionalized a judicial system of agrarian cases, incorporated extension, marketing and supervised credit system of services of farmer beneficiaries. Proclamation No. 1081
Republic Act No. 6389
Republic Act No. 6390 0f 1971
Presidential Decree No. 2
Presidential Decree No. 27 President Ferdinand Marcos (1965 - 1986) Leasehold operation
Operation land transfer
Land consolidation
Settlements The agrarian reform program of the Marcos administration has four major components: Republic Act No. 6657 or Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law
Executive Order No. 22
Proclamation No. 131
Executive Order No. 129 - A
Republic Act No. 6657
Executive Order No. 405
Executive Order No. 407 President Corazon C. Aquino (1986 - 1992) Republic Act No. 7881
Republic Act No. 7905
Republic Act No. 8435
Republic Act No. 8532 President Fidel V. Ramos (1992 - 1998) Executive Order No. 151 (Farmers' Trust Fund)
Magkabalikat Para sa Kaunlarang Agraryo (MAGKASAKA) President Joseph E. Estrada (1998 - 2000) POLICY OBJECTIVES: President Gloria M. Arroyo (2000 - 2010) Land Tenure Improvement - DAR will remain vigorous in implementing land acquisition and distribution component of CARP.
Provision of Support Services - CARP not only involves the distribution of lands but also included package pf support services.
Infrastructure Projects - DAR will transform the agrarian reform communities.
KALAHI ARZone - The KALAHI Agrarian Reform (KAR) Zones were also launched.
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