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Eating Disorders

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Aidan Cserhat

on 21 April 2016

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Transcript of Eating Disorders

Anorexia

It is estimated that 1.0% to 4.2% of women have suffered from anorexia in their lifetime.
Anorexia has the highest fatality rate of any mental illness.
It is estimated that 4% of anorexic individuals die from complications of the disease.
Only one third of individuals struggling with anorexia nervosa in the United States obtain treatment.
Negative Impacts of Anorexia
Whole body
: dehydration, dizziness, fainting, fatigue, low blood pressure, low body temperature, osteoporosis, water-electrolyte imbalance, or feeling cold
Behavioral:
binge eating, compulsive behavior, hyperactivity, impulsivity, or social isolation
Mood:
anxiety, apprehension, or guilt
Weight:
underweight, weight loss, or extreme weight loss and thinness
Developmental:
delayed puberty or slow growth
Menstrual:
irregular menstruation or absence of menstruation
Gastrointestinal:
constipation or vomiting
Also common:
brittle nails, bruising, depression, dieting, dry hair, dry skin, headache, sensitivity to cold, or slow heart rate
The Cause
People with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa tend to be perfectionists who suffer from low self-esteem and are extremely critical of themselves and their bodies.
Why?
Individuals are more likely to diet or try extreme dieting to try to stay thin. Certain sports such as gymnastics and careers such as modeling are especially prone to reinforcing the need to keep a fit figure, even if it means purging food or not eating at all.
What is Anorexia?
Anorexia nervosa is a type of eating disorder. People who have anorexia have an intense fear of gaining weight. They severely limit the amount of food they eat and can become dangerously thin. Anorexia affects both the body and the mind.
Anorexia is characterized by a distorted body image, with an unwarranted fear of being overweight.
Symptoms include trying to maintain a below-normal weight through starvation or too much exercise.
Medical treatment may be needed to restore normal weight. Talk therapy can help with self-esteem and behavior changes.
Individuals have significant weight loss of 15 percent or more of ideal body weight,
Treatment
In order to assure recovery one must see a:
Nutritionist:
Specializes in food and diet.
Psychiatrist:
Treats mental disorders primarily with medications.
Clinical psychologist:
Treats mental disorders primarily with talk therapy.
Psychoanalyst:
Uses psychotherapy to treat mental disorders.
Primary care provider:
Prevents, diagnoses, and treats diseases.
Eating Disorders
Bulimia Nervosa

It is estimated that up to 4% of females in the United States will have bulimia during their lifetime

3.9% of these bulimic individuals will die.

Of those practicing bulimia, only 6% obtain treatment

What is Bulimia?
A serious eating disorder marked by binging, followed by methods to avoid weight gain.

people with bulimia then purge by vomiting, but may also use laxatives or excessive exercise.
Those with bulimia may be a normal weight or can be overweight. Making the disorder difficult to detect.
Bulimia is a potentially life-threatening eating disorder.
Negative Impacts
Pain types:
can be burning in the chest
Behavioral:
binge eating, compulsive behavior, impulsivity, self-harm, vomiting after overeating, or lack of restraint
Whole body:
dehydration, fatigue, food aversion, hunger, or water-electrolyte imbalance
Mood:
anxiety, general discontent, guilt, or mood swings
Mouth:
bad breath, dental cavities, or dryness
Menstrual:
absence of menstruation or irregular menstruation
Gastrointestinal:
constipation or inflamed esophagus
Weight:
body weight does not change or weight gain
Also common: abnormality of taste, depression, poor self-esteem, or sore throat
Binge Eating Disorder (BED)
2.8 % of American adults will struggle with BED during their lifetime. Close to 43% of individuals suffering from Binge Eating Disorder will obtain treatment.
5.2% of individuals suffering from eating disorders not otherwise specified, the former diagnosis that BED, among other forms of disordered eating die from health complications.
Close to 43% of individuals suffering from Binge Eating Disorder will obtain treatment.

What is BED?
People with binge eating disorder are embarrassed and ashamed of their eating habits, so they often try to hide their symptoms and eat in secret. Many binge eaters are overweight or obese, but some are of normal weight. Emotional symptoms of binge eating and compulsive overeating.
BED is more common than anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa. BED occurs in 1 in 35 adults in the U.S. Translating to 3-5% of women (about 5 million) and 2 % of men (3 million) who seek treatment.
Men make up approximately one-third of individuals with binge eating disorder. Approximately 65% of individuals with binge eating disorder are obese, and many more are overweight. eating though not actually hungry, eating alone due to feelings of shame,
Negative Effects of BED
Weight gain, often leading to obesity
High blood pressure
High cholesterol
Chronic kidney problems or kidney failure
Osteoarthritis
Diabetes
Stroke
Complications during pregnancy
Gallbladder disease
Irregular menstrual cycle
Skin disorders
Heart disease
Certain types of cancer
The Root of The Problem
Factors that cause the disorders are psychological, including a history of trauma, genetics and the need to keep the perfect body for athletic, social and behavioral purposes
Eating disorders occur as a way of coping with something individuals cannot control.
An extreme desire to doing evrything right and be perfect-high expectations.

STATISTICS
Eating disorders are a daily struggle for 10 million females and 1 million males in the United States.
Four out of ten individuals have either personally experienced an eating disorder or know someone who has.
Over a lifetime the following percentages of women and men will experience an eating disorder:
9% of women will struggle with anorexia in their lifetime
1.5% of women will struggle with bulimia in their lifetime
3.5% of women will struggle with binge eating
.3% of men will struggle with anorexia
.5% of men will struggle with bulimia
2% of men will struggle with binge eating disorder

2.7% of teens, ages 13-18 years old, struggle with an eating disorder.
50% of teenage girls and 30% of teenage boys use unhealthy weight control behaviors such as skipping meals, fasting, smoking cigarettes, vomiting, and taking laxatives to control their weight
25% of college-aged women engage in bingeing and purging as a method of managing their weight
13.5% of athletes have subclinical to clinical eating disorders
42% of female athletes competing in sports demonstrated eating disordered behaviors
Over 50% of teenage girls and 33% of teenage boys are using restrictive measures to lose weight at any given time.
46% of 9-11 year-olds are sometimes, or very often, on diets, and 82% of their families are sometimes, or very often, on diets).
91% of women recently surveyed on a college campus had attempted to control their weight through dieting, 22% dieted often or always.
95% of all dieters will regain their lost weight in 1-5 years.
35% of normal dieters progress to pathological dieting. Of those, 20-25% progress to partial or full-syndrome eating disorders.
25% of American men and 45% of American women are on a diet on any given day.
Who is at risk?


EVERYONE
Eating Disorders Not Otherwise Specified (EDNOS)
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