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How do we learn?

Lecture on how humans learn and what this means for our practice as pedagogues.

John Martino

on 27 February 2011

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Transcript of How do we learn?

How do we learn?
Gardner - Multiple-Intelligences
What is learning?
What are learning theories?
How do we learn?
What are the different types of learning?
What is intelligence?
Understanding Learning
Guiding questions
My idea of learning is…
My idea of learning
is not…
Learning Similes
Learning is like planting flowers because…
Learning is like playing cards because…
Learning is like switching on a light bulb because…
Learning is like eating because…
Learning is like being a detective because…
Learning is like peeling an onion because…
Learning is like a quest because…
Learning is like juggling because…
Learning is like __________ because…
Dewey in the early 20th century and Kolb in the later half of the 20th century introduced us to the concept of experiential learning; of doing rather than passively recieving.
Piaget's Cognitive-Development Theory
Learning strategies need to be developmentally appropriate. The idea that children's thinking is qualitatively different than adults comes from Piaget. His theory also shows us that children need to construct or reconstruct knowledge in order to learn and that they also need rich opportunities to interact with the physical world and with their peers.
Gardners view that (at last count) there are 8 ways that we learn has been popular for nearly two decades. This theory has been criticized on a range of matters - its scientific basis, its reliance on Gardner's intution, and the manner in which people relate these styles to personality types.
Experiential Learning
John Dewey
Howard Gardener
Jean Piaget
Behaviouralism & Education
Most contemporary educational practice is based upon the behavioural stimulus-response-reward model.
B.F Skinner
Behaviourism has its origins in the philosophical principles of John Locke, a 18th century English philosopher
Children as being tabula rasa; he saw children as “blank slates” upon which experience writes its messages
Locke’s philosophy was adopted by 20th century American psychologists John B. Watson and Edward L. Thorndike who established behavioural learning theory.
Two other major behaviouralist thinkers who have influenced education include Ivan Pavlov and B.F. Skinner
Vygotsky’s Social Development Theory
Vygosty argued that social interaction precedes development; consciousness and cognition are the end product of socialization and social behavior
Learning is a social process
Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD). The ZPD is the distance between a student’s ability to perform a task under adult guidance and/or with peer collaboration and the student’s ability at solving the problem independently. According to Vygotsky, learning occurs in this zone.
How do teachers and schools develop engaged and authentic pedagogies for the adolescent learner?
Full transcript