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Castles and Cathedrals
Transcript of Castles and Cathedrals
English IV-7th The Architect of castles and cathedrals Castles were an important part of culture, military and political history. First castles were built as fortresses. They were constructed for warrior kings or noblemen who needed a safe place to fight from. Castles provided a shelter for lord, family, and servants. As well as protection from war. Castles were also a stronghold from which lords and soldiers could ride out and terrorize the local people in hostile territories. Castle History Castles through the years...
c. 1080 – 1300 Castle Layout Castles were uncomfortable live in because they were made of stone. The lady of the castle would added tapestry to the walls, put straw and rushes on the floor and put sweet-smelling flowers and herbs around the castle. The stone also made the castle very cold. The stone aloud for little circulation of heat. Fires needed constant trending to keep heat in. Any opening that allowed fresh air and light in also brought in the cold. By the 13th century castles were comfortable, convenient and private. Living in a Castle Servants were house peasants who worked in the lord's manor house, doing the cooking, cleaning, laundering, and other household chores Servant Castle Defense Castles were for both defensive and offensive purposes.When attacked by outsiders, people from the surrounding area would take shelter in the castle. Timber Castle c. 1080
A timber castle was built on an artificial mound of rocks and dirt. The outbuildings are surrounded by a strong fence. (the outer enclosure is called a bailey.) The timber castle was rebuilt in the 1200's. The timber tower was replaced by a large stone keep, with fortifications at each corner. The fence around the bailey is replaced by a stone wall. Early castles only had one basic element: the great hall. The hall was the safest room in the whole castle and where everyone would eat. The lord and his family would eat on an raised platform, while the others who lived in the castles eat at tables on the floor. The chapel, private rooms of the lord and his family and the kitchen where near the great hall. Also the solarium was near the hall, a solarium was a room made of glass to let the sunlight in. Most castle did not have many windows as that let the cold in.Each room had one large fireplace. The kitchen was made of timber with a central hearth. The each bedroom had a large bed that could be dismantled for traveling. Also each bedroom had a small wardrobe room attached to it. 1. What did you learn about your topic from completing the research paper? I learned that they also used timber as one of their materials to build the castles. I also learned, the knight had to sleep by their assigned spots in case something happen. Another thing is they had their own church inside the castle. 2. What process did you go through to produce the product? Did everything work the way you had planned? Yes, everything worked the way i had planned. I had to step outside of my comfort zone to come up to make it unique. And i also had to save up alot of tissue rolls for my castle. 3. Did you have any interesting or unique experiences while completing your project? Yes, because I really didn't think I could build a castle from a box, but at the end I was very surprised. 4. What part of your project are you most proud of? Why are you proud? I am mostly proud of myself of my research paper, because when I first started I was so stressed out, I was like this is too much, how am I going to find all the information. But at the end I was like it wasn't so hard after all. All you have to do is look at different things about your topic in your own words. 5. What was the hardest part of doing this project? What were your challenges? To me the hardest part was typing all of the information you have. Challenges was to try my very best to type as fast as I can in order to get it done.
6. If you could do anything about the project over again, what, if anything, would you change? The topic that we had to choose from. Because if we picked our own topic then maybe the project wil be more interesting to us.
7. What new skills did you learn while doing this work? I learned how to create a research paper. And I also learned that you can use what someone else say as long as you give them credit for it.
8. What did you learn about time management? I learned that you should always set a time so you won't get behind or off track. I also learned that the less time you put in, the more it's going to get harder.