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Spiny Bush Viper

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by

Salaysay Tina

on 24 October 2014

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Transcript of Spiny Bush Viper

Food
-Spiny bush vipers are carnivores, they feed on mammals, and tree-frogs
- At night this vipers hunts for prey on the ground like chipmunk, squirrel, field mouse, hamster, and jeboa
-Less common food they eat are birds and small reptiles
Habitats
Spiny bush viper are generally found in tropical forests, inland swamps, red and papyrus swamps adjacent to lakes and rivers.
Body & Color
The body is covered with elongated, heavily keeled dorsal scales that give this species a "shaggy", almost bristly appearance. The scales around the head and neck are the longest, the belly are usually yellow or pale green and the body ends with ivory-white tail. Females tends to be slightly bigger than males. Their body color vary from uniform yellow through combinations of olive green, green, brown, red, bright orange, bluish or black, and grey color to blend in with the surrounding.
Development
-Mother bush viper will usually live her children immediately after giving birth
-Newborns are about 15 cm (5.9 in) in total lenth and can recognized by the coloration of their scales
-The end of their tail is distinctly different and is used as a lure to attract small prey
-As individuals age, the coloration of their scales becomes more unchangeable and may change completely in some cases
Geographic Range
Spiny bush viper lives in Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, and Kenya.
Adaptation
Spiny Bush Viper
Interesting Facts
Weight
Females weight up to 6 pounds, while males weight up to 11 pounds.
Shelter
They spend a lot of time in one place, is often found basking on trees, flowers, or vines
Groups or Own
-Spiny bush viper mostly live in groups and alone
-Young ones are responsible for capturing their own food
-Spiny bush viper is excellent climber.
-Ambush predator
-Before mating they perform a number of different motions,including tail waving,rubbing,biting,and rhythimic body motion
-Produces strong venom which induces severe bleeding of internal organs
-Mating season takes place in October
-Not known to be aggresive but will defend themselves when threatened
All existing anti-venom have no effect on the venom of spiny bush viper

Also known as:
Hairy Bush Viper
Rough-Scaled Viper
African Hairy Viper
Camouflage
-With its green chromatic scale, it allow to use its surrounding environment like the leaves of trees and bushes, allowing the viper to strike and surprise potential prey, and go unnoticed by potential predators. This allows the snake to sometimes hide rather than engaging in defensive or aggressive behavior
Defense
-Spiny bush viper use their venom to defend themselves against potential predators
-Color of their skin can be use for camouflage to hide from predators, it burrow down under leaves or bushes for extra coverage.
-When threatened, it forms an s-shaped coil
Scientific name is:
Atheris Hispida
The lifespan of the Spiny Bush Viper has not been documented but the lifeaspan of a viper is about 10 to 20 years. They are expected to live longer in captivity because risk factors are controlled
Hibernation
- The information about theyr'e hibernation are not yet have evaluated because they inhabit regions that are distant from humans settlement
-Spiny bush vipers spends most of its day basking in the sun
-Mostly they're nocturnal creature
Reproduction
-During courtship, male and female vipers face one another, followed by head and body gestures, which allow for mounting. For example, males often approach their mate while swaying their head side to side in order to engage a female

-Mating can occur anything during the year because of the very hot and humid climate, they often reproduce at night with the same mate

-The female snake will lift their tail if they are interested, their tales will stay locked for different periods of time, depending on the species

-Because male and female viper closely resemble each other, spiny bush viper have to get close to each other to discover each others gender
Lifespan
-They adapt such colors to warn off others of their venomous nature and for camouflage
-A capable climbers and can climb vines, stalk and terminal leaves
-They strikes very rapidly, with speeds recorded in milliseconds
-Spiny bush viper lacks the heat-sensing pit organs, instead they rely on visual, tactile(sense of touch), and olfactory senses(sense of smell) to detect and capture prey
Food Chain
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