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Using Grounded Theory as a method for rigorously reviewing l

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Gina Ferreira

on 3 April 2014

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Transcript of Using Grounded Theory as a method for rigorously reviewing l

Five stage grounded-theory method for reviewing literature in an area.
Theory development (Fredericks and Miller 1999, 549)
Different ways of analysing data
Best applied for data collection
Forces reviewers to focus on research concepts
Strive towards “saturation” (Gephart 2003, 124)

Weaknesses of the Article
Too simplistic? Could limit creativity.
Limited academic references (Kelle 2005).
Webber and Watson, 2002.
Hart 1998.
Further reading on grounded theory is required.
Grounded theory is not applied to multiple case studies across many fields.

Using Grounded Theory as a method for rigorously reviewing literature:
Critical Literature Review

Georgina Ferreira (14265084)
Jaswin Kaur Mann (16091155)
Ashton Wills (14850707)
Heidi Serong (15962027)

Weaknesses of GT
“One size doesn’t fit all”
Least used when dealing with social phenomena (Turner 2007)
Mechanistic way of analysing (Mehmetoglu and Altinay 2006)
Coding is ‘simply indexing’
Complexity may prove difficult
Bias (Mehmetoglu and Altinay 2006)
Other methods of research: Thematic, Narrative and Phenomenological

Joost F. Wolfswinkel, Eli Furtmueller and Celeste P.M. Wilderom
Rigorous analysis of data through the systematic 5-stage research method: Define, Search, Select, Analyse and Present.
Weaknesses and strengths of the article.
Weaknesses and strengths of grounded theory.
Class exercises
Discuss key ideas and conclusions.

Define the criteria for inclusion/exclusion of an article in the data set.
Identify appropriate ‘fields’ of research.
Determine the appropriate sources (outlets and databases).
Decide on the specific search terms.

The actual search through identified sources.
Surprises will force the reviewer to revisit sampling criteria.
Document the searches and search terms.

Sample texts are selected.
Filter doubles, set aside non-criteria relevant texts.
Individual reviewers data tables should be formed.

Highlight key findings
Open coding
Axial coding
Selective Coding
Comparative Analysis
Theoretical Saturation
Concept matrix for literature review

Represent and structure the content
Structure the article

Why use Grounded Theory?
Research oriented approach thorough and theoretical analysis of topic
This guide is supposed to aid in the review-coverage of a clearly specified academic niche; applying Grounded Theory aims to point to well-rooted and fruitful new links between variables
Extract the full theoretical value out of a well-chosen set of published studies (purpose of article).
How to use Grounded Theory?
Broken the theory down into a simplified/logical diagram to review literature easier; 5-stage research method
Exercise 1
Apply your new knowledge of Wolfswinkel, Furtmueller and Wilderom’s Grounded Theory research process to your own research question….

Favours transparency (De Wet 2010)
Creates precision and analytic rigour
Logbook to keep track of decisions
Everything has a reason
Flexibility to a broad range of research topics
Simple and logical

Strengths of the Article
Strengths of GT
Systematic 5-stage research method
Simple application of Grounded Theory
Limited academic references in article
Creates precision and analytic rigour
“One size doesn’t fit all”
Theory development
Strives towards “saturation”

Conclusion and Summary
Class Debate and Discussion
‘Grounded Theory is a method to help systematize the reviewing process for a more optical outcome that contributes to theoretical progress’. However, ‘one size does not fit all’.

Is grounded theory a good literature review tool?

Agree/Disagree …. Please Discuss

No understanding of Grounded Theory
Grounded Theory sounded excellent to us
Began to critically analyse Grounded Theory
The method has its strengths and weaknesses
Overall as a group we believe…
Grounded Theory is an excellent and simply theory (if applicable to your research)
Grounded Theory offers a great constant comparison method
Good method to deduce theory from data
There are other research methods
Evolution of our understanding
Christina Goulding. 1998. “ Grounded Theory: The missing methodology on the interpretivist agenda” Qualitative Market Research: An International Journal 1 (1): 50-57. DOI 10.1108/17506181011024779

De Wet, K. (2010). The importance of ethical appraisal in social science research: Reviewing a faculty of humanities' research ethics committee. Journal of Academic Ethics, 8(4), 301-314. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10805-010-9118-8

Frederick, Marcel and Steven I. Miller. 1999. “How Does Grounded Theory Explain?” Qualitative Health Research 9 (4): 538-551. http://search.proquest.com.dbgw.lis.curtin.edu.au/docview/220279783?accountid=10382

Kelle, Udo. 2005. "Emergence" Vs. "Forcing" of Empirical Data? A Crucial Problem of "Grounded Theory" Reconsidered [grounded theory; induction; abduction; theoretical sensitivity; coding paradigm; theory building]. Vol. 6, 2005.

Ken W. Parry. 1998. “ Grounded Theory and Social Process: A New Direction for Leadership Research” Leadership Quarterly 9 (1): 85-105. http://search.proquest.com.dbgw.lis.curtin.edu.au/docview/200808768?accountid=10382

McGhee, Gerry, Glenn R. Marland, and Jacqueline Atkinson. 2007. “Grounded theory research: literature reviewing and reflexivity.” Journal of Advanced Nursing 60(3): 334-342.

Mehmetoglu, Mehmet and Levent Altinay. 2006. “Examination of grounded theory analysis with an application to hospitality research.” International Journal of Hospitality Management 25(1): 12-33. http://www.sciencedirect.com.dbgw.lis.curtin.edu.au/science/article/pii/S0278431904001227

Moghaddam, Alireza. 2006. “Coding issues in grounded theory.” Issues In Educational Research: 16. http://iier.org.au/iier16/moghaddam.html

Reiter, Sebastian, Glenn Stewart and Christine Bruce. 2011. “ Strategy for Delayed Research Method Selection: Deciding between Grounded Theory and Phenomenology” The Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods 9 (1): 35-46 DOI 1477-7029
Robert P. Gephart, Jr. 2003. “ Grounded Theory and the Integration of Qualitative and Quantitative Research” Multi-Level Issues in Organisational Behaviour and Strategy Research in Multi-Level Issues 2 (1): 113-125 DOI 10.1016/S1475-9144(03)02007-1

Turner, Barry A. 2007. “The Use of Grounded Theory for The Qualitative Analysis of Organisational Behaviour.” Journal of Management Studies 20(3): 333-348. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-6486.1983.tb00211.x/pdf

Wolfswinkel, Joost F., Elfi Furtmueller and Celeste P. M. Wilderom. 2011. “Using grounded theory as a method for rigorously reviewing literature.” European Journal of Information Systems 22: 45-55.

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