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English 11 Satire Unit

Eng 11 Narrative Reading Unit

Lauren Griffith

on 18 October 2017

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Transcript of English 11 Satire Unit

What is SATIRE?
We use satire to
playfully or even hatefully
criticize a particular
subject, figure of power, or character.
Satirical Techniques:
Present things that are
out of place or are absurd
in relation to its surroundings.
This might include:
oxymoron, metaphor, & irony!
Enlarge, increase, or represent
something beyond normal
bounds so that it becomes
ridiculous...that way FAULTS
can be seen! We expose "folly"
through hyperbole!
Imitate techniques and/or style
of some person, place, or thing
to ridicule; however, the reader must have enough background to KNOW
the thing being ridiculed.
Present the opposite of the NORMAL.
You might reverse order of events,
like serving dessert before dinner or
having breakfast for dinner.
OR you might reverse
hierarchical order, like when
a kid makes family decisions
or a student deciding school
Cartoons--think political cartoons--usually use CARICATURE.
CARICATURE is exaggeration of a physical feature or trait.
You remember irony?
Verbal Irony
Saying something opposite of what is meant
*sarcasm is a
form of
verbal irony
Situational Irony
Unexpected twist;
outcome is unexpected.
Dramatic Irony
When the audience knows more about what's happening than one or more characters know! Don't go up the stairs!

Senator Honored For Work With
Overprivileged Americans
FEBRUARY 11, 2011 | ISSUE 47•06
HOUSTON—Sen. John Cornyn (R-TX), long a champion of the country's most
advantaged Americans, was honored for his 20 years of work with the overprivileged
Sunday. "John has dedicated his life and career to helping the uptrodden, believing in the
common billionaire oil man who just needs that extra push to be able to pick himself up
and increase his wealth and power without having to worry about paying taxes," said oil
tycoon T. Boone Pickens, adding that without Sen. Cornyn, he and dozens like him would
just barely be hanging on to their spots on Forbes magazine's World's Richest People list.
"Few men have done so much for those few who already have so much." Cornyn later
delivered a speech in which he vowed to continue his work with the nation's least needy,
after which he was presented with the key to Houston's finest gated communities.
© Copyright 2011 Onion Inc. All rights reserved.
The rich usually don't need "help" from the government. We usually HONOR someone who helps the needy...not a senator who helps the rich get richer. Hierarchy of who NEEDS help = reversed. Ridiculous.
for a mouse to chase
a cat!
When you walk in....
Directions: Answer the following questions in your writer's notebook. You do not have to write each question down, but you need to include the date and write in complete sentences.
1. What does the term "Close Read" mean to you? Can you define it? Have you done a close read in the past? If so, when?

2. Can you evaluate a text by exploring the central ideas, themes, style and point of view in a text? Why or why not?

3. Do you use specific strategies when reading a text (reread, summarize, connections, context clues, etc.)?

4. How do you identify important lines or passages in a text? Or do you have a hard time finding key lines/passages?
Copy the following definition into your WNB:
The choice of words especially with regard to correctness, clearness, or effectiveness. Diction is especially important in creating satire because it sets the tone.
Ex: After successfully going over Niagara Falls in a barrel, the stunt man goes home, takes a shower, slips on the soap, and breaks his leg.
Prompt: Banksy Image
Refer to your glue in.
What's the message? How do you know?
Are there any other possible messages?
Why do you think he chose the specific location for the piece.
Do you agree or disagree? Why?
Who do you think is intended audience? How do you know this?
Explanation: Chalk talk is a silent activity that requires you to respond to a question in some way.

1.Writing questions about a comment.
2. Circling other interesting ideas, thereby inviting comments to broaden.
3. Adding his/her own reflections or ideas. (modeling thinking)
4. Connecting two interesting ideas/comments/questions together with a line... or a line and a question mark, etc.

How are you graded? Each group member needs to have a different color pen/marker. Each group member will write their name in their color on the sheet.

The depth of knowledge used in your responses will determine your grade. Each person should have at least three responses.
Chalk Talk
Session One
The daily show start at 46 seconds
Fiona kicks Robin Hood's butt
The dating game
Saturday Night Live Hillary and Sarah
Teo Spoof
Examples of Satire
SNL Mom Jeans
SNL Commercial--Swiffers
Narrative Reading Unit Sessions
1.1 Readers of a genre (satire) identify how it is constructed in order to comprehend and analyze it.
Satirical literature can commonly be categorized as either Horatian or Juvenalian, although the two are not entirely mutually exclusive.

Horatian satire… playfully criticizes some social vice through gentle, mild, and light-hearted humour. It directs wit, exaggeration, and self-deprecating humor toward what it identifies as folly, rather than evil. Horatian satire's sympathetic tone is common in modern society.

Juvenalian satire… is more contemptuous and abrasive than the Horatian. Juvenalian satire addresses social evil through scorn, outrage, and savage ridicule. This form is often pessimistic, characterized by irony, sarcasm, moral indignation and personal invective, with less emphasis on humor. Strongly polarized political satire is often Juvenalian.
*From www.wikipedia.com

Original dating game
this is in Swedish--I can't find it in English!
*Some crude language
SNL Corn Syrup Parody
SNL Chanel 5 Parody
Examples of diction include puns and other literary devices.
Barbie Doll

This girlchild was born as usual
and presented dolls that did pee-pee
and miniature GE stoves and irons
and wee lipsticks the color of cherry candy.
Then in the magic of puberty, a classmate said:
You have a great big nose and fat legs.

She was healthy, tested intelligent,
possessed strong arms and back,
abundant sexual drive and manual dexterity.
She went to and fro apologizing.
Everyone saw a fat nose on thick legs.

She was advised to play coy,
exhorted to come on hearty,
exercise, diet, smile and wheedle.
Her good nature wore out
like a fan belt.
So she cut off her nose and her legs
and offered them up.

In the casket displayed on satin she lay
with the undertaker's cosmetics painted on,
a turned-up putty nose,
dressed in a pink and white nightie.
Doesn't she look pretty? everyone said.
Consummation at last.
To every woman a happy ending.
---Marge Piercy
Session Two
Session Three
Readers use their knowledge of genre to read closely and reread a text.

In narrative Satire, the writer's point of view is important to understanding the central idea and theme.
The Simpsons
A Tree Grows in Springfield
Season 24 Episode 6
Focus Questions
What distinguishes one genre from another?
What devices/techniques are most commonly used and most effective in a satire?

While viewing, I will stop the video periodically so you can jot notes on your handout.

You must pay attention while the video is on. You will lose on-task points for today if you fail to do so at any time.
Looks Like Sounds Like
Eyes on screen
Jotting notes on chart
No phone in your lap, in your hand, on your desk, etc.
No headphones in your ear--not even one.
The video's audio
Pencils and pens writing notes
Your teacher giving instructions
Pay attention to how the writer has chosen to characterize Homer, Bart, Lisa, and other characters.

Consider the Point of View of the writer. Recognize that the "real POV" of the writer is not always the POV presented by his characters.

Look for examples of techniques/devices of satire.

Make meaning--what is the writer criticizing or ridiculing?
Let's Look at the Handout.
Analyzing Point of View and Character
Do a close reading of the CALVIN AND HOBBES comic strip.
Use the handout (chart)
to record your thoughts.
Due Monday
at the start of the hour
Readers understand the difference between Horatian and Juvenalian Satire
Focus on DICTION
Identify Techniques
Satire is a sort of glass, wherein beholders do
generally discover everybody's face but their own.
-Jonathan Swift
Sexiest Man Alive--PEOPLE MAGAZINE
Onion Article
Dr. Seuss
Goodnight Moon
The Sneetches
Write this in your WNB:
How does the context of a satire--historical, cultural, or literary-- play an important role in our understanding of the satire?
What was going on historically, culturally, and/or in literature when the book was written that might relate to the message in the book?

Which devices does the author use to criticize or make fun of an event or person? Provide examples from the book.

What does the book seem to be saying is a wrong in the world that needs to be fixed?
Session 5
Session Four
These units are not aligned with the unit sessions
Session Six
Create Your Own Satire
Identifying Satire
Find two examples of satire
Must be text--like an article
Print and close read the articles.
Identify the type of satire, the techniques being used, and the thing being criticized.
Session Seven

Stephanie Gillis
"See Homer Run", "Midnight Towboy", "The Burns and the Bees", "Once Upon a Time in Springfield", "Moe Letter Blues", "Replaceable You", "A Tree Grows in Springfield" and "Homerland".

A Tree Grows in Springfield--
Season 24 Episode 6

What about Calvin and Hobbes is incongruous?
Final Exam
What you need to bring:
*A pen or pencil
*A highlighter(s) for annotating
What to know:
*How to close read an article
*Satirical techniques
*How to structure a paragraph
~Evidence from text to support claim
What to expect:
satirical cartoon
followed by questions
ONION article
followed by questions
satirical narrative
by Mark Twain followed by questions
writing prompt
that asks you to choose the most effective satire and explain why it is most effective
Which of the four types?

Which of the four types?

Which of the four types?

Horation or Juvenalian?

Horation or Juvenalian?

Horation or Juvenalian?





1. Exaggeration
To enlarge, increase, or represent something beyond normal bounds so that it becomes ridiculous and its faults can be seen.
2. Incongruity
To present things that are out of place or are absurd in relation to their surroundings.
3. Reversal
To present the opposite of the normal order (e.g., the order of events hierarchical order).
4. Parody
To imitate the techniques and/or style of some person, place or thing.

Four Techniques of Satire

What is the author’s tone?
What is the author’s purpose?
Is it effective?
What is the dominant satirical device used?

Questions to Consider

What is Juvenalian Satire?

Juvenalian Satire, named for the Roman poet Juvenal, is biting, bitter, angry; it points with contempt and moral indignation to the corruption and evil of human beings and institutions.

Juvenalian Satire

Horatian Satire, named for the Roman poet, Horace, is gentle, urbane, smiling; it aims to correct through gentle and sympathetic laughter.

Horatian Satire

In formal satire, the satiric voice speaks, usually in the first person, either directly to the reader or to a character in the written work.
There are two types of formal satire: Horatian and Juvenalian

First Type of Satire:

A literary work that ridicules its subject in order to make a comment or criticism about it.

Although satire is usually witty, and often very funny, the purpose of satire is to criticize in order to shame someone or something into reform.

Satire usually has a definite target, which may be a person or group of people, an idea or attitude, an institution, or a social practice.


Which of the four types?

Which of the four types?

Horation or Juvenalian?

Horation or Juvenalian?

Which of the four types?

Horation or Juvenalian?

Second Type of Satire

Of the two forms of satire, it is the Juvenalian that most effectively gets people’s attention. South Park is one of the best examples of Juvenalian satire, poking fun at everything from politics and celebrities to religions and everyday life. The opening quote demonstrates how the show takes a serious issue such as equality and misogyny, and turns it into a joke or even an insult. This is the hallmark of Juvenalian satire: using sharp sarcasm to criticize social issues. Juvenalian satirists seek to push the boundary of tolerance in their audience. They typically address social mores, which are more serious than folkways. Unlike Horatian satire there is less emphasis on humor and a larger emphasis on morals.

Juvenalian Satire

Horatian Satire


Indirect Satire:
In indirect satire, the satire is expressed through a narrative, and the characters or groups who are the focus of the satire are ridiculed not by what is said about them, but by what they themselves say and do.
Much of the great literary satire is indirect.

Saturday Night Live
Naked Gun
The Truman Show
Huckleberry Finn

The Simpsons
Family Guy
South Park
Brave New World
Great Expectations
Scary Movie 1, 2 and 3
Chappelle’s Show

Examples of Indirect Satire:

When you walk in.......

Find and identify the counter argument and rebuttal in the Banksy article.


Pitt original
George Bergeron wears a radio that broadcasts various noises to prohibit him from developing any intellectual thought.

Find and identify the increase intensity of these noises that George hears throughout the story. How do the noises parallel the escalating tragedy of their lives?
Boston Accent
SNL-The Millennial
SNL-Screen Guild Awards

Satire by Dr. Seuss
The Cat and the Hat
Promotes rebellion and anarchy
Disregard for rules
The kids are exhilarated by their fling with anarchy not only because it shakes up their thinking and cures their boredom, but also because it makes them appreciate the usual order and calm of their home.
Horton Hears a Who
Political and social messages about the "powerless"
Refutes conformity
The Walled Off Hotel
Full transcript