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Analects by Confucius
Transcript of Analects by Confucius
The philosophical thought process that his followers named after his wisdom was called Confucianism
His greatest thoughts, works, and quoted sayings are preserved in his texts entitled "Analects". Legacy and Accomplishments The style for the Analects is very straight forward.
Many of the passages throughout the text are in a conversation form of his followers just asking him questions and him philosophically responding. Style and Specific Teachings Early Chinese Literature
Burton Watson Confucius The actual birth of Confucius is unknown because of the dispute between the "real Confucius" and the "legendary Confucius".
It is either September 28, 551 BC or August 27, 551 BC. Traditionally, it is said he was born on September 28, 551 BC in the state of Lu on the Shandong peninsula.
Confucius and his thinking is scholarly comparable to the impact that Socrates had in the West.
Confucius died in 479 BC. Confucius "A journey of a
thousand miles..." "...begins with a single step." Confucius believed that through his knowledge he could teach his followers to fall into a sense of "ren", which is love and compassion for all others regardless of differences. It is said that he traced the laws of morality all the way to their origins. Thus, his career is his personal illustration of his ethical system. His teachings were directed on moral and ethical grounds which focused on the practical aspect of living. He taught his followers to live simply, treat others well, and never take things for granted. "He who learns but does not think is lost. He who thinks but does not learn is in great danger." His Analects are summed up into his famous saying: "Do not do to others what you do not want done to yourself." This is also our basic Golden Rule today. Confucius was an influential Chinese philosopher, teacher, and political figure known for his phrases, prestigious model of morality, and social interaction. First Glance... At my first look at the title "Analects" I was confused, to say the least. I then looked up the definition of "Analects", which is "A collection of short literary or philosophical extracts." I then came to my conclusion that what was written must be about his career path of being a philosopher. The Making Confucius' Analects were dialogues between him and his followers. Once he died in 479 BC his followers began compiling all of his dialogues into the Analects. This process was complete around 221 BC. The purpose of Confucius' Analects are to educate a man into becoming peaceful in mind, body, and soul. Confucius spent his life teaching his followers, regardless of power or wealth, that all men and women need to have a good sense of belonging within themselves. Literary Devices Although much of Confucius' text is in conversation format and is not really a story, there are some literary devices that are used and combated. Allegory
Amplification (adding more words to the sentence to make it more understandable).
Conflict - there really isn't conflict in the text, but in Confucius' dialogues he teaches his followers how to deal and remove conflict.
Metaphors Theme Because the Analects are in dialogue form they are simple to read. The theme is multiple things with multiple meanings. There isn't just one subject that Confucius spoke and taught about, which is why the theme to his Analects is more complex. The main theme throughout the Analects is for a man to lead a good, proper life.
A man should have an education.
A man should also help towards the betterment of his society. Confucius' other rules to live by... 1) The Master said, "Without recognizing the ordinances of Heaven, it is impossible to be a superior man."
2) "Without an acquaintance with the rules of propriety, it is impossible for the character to be established."
3) "Without knowing the force of words, it is impossible to know men." The numbers of Confucius' followers during his time alive has been greatly exaggerated between tradition and legend. The number has been stretched to as much as 3,000 followers. Scholars now put the true number as 72 followers. Although, this still raises suspicions because that's also the age of his death. "When the reader has done this, he might then begin to consider the brief pronouncements of the text as a series of mottoes such as he would copy out and hang on his wall (as is so often done in China and Japan), or as a series of texts for sermons or opening lines for essays." Bibliography http://www.egs.edu/library/confucius/biography/
http://www.gradesaver.com/the-analects-of-confucius/study-guide/short-summary/ In the Analects Confucius says that the superior men in the society need to:
Continually educate himself.
Overflow with love for other human beings.
Preside over those lower than him sincerely and fairly.
Respect his elders.