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21st Century Textbooks: Implications for Independent Schools

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Steven Chase

on 2 March 2011

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Transcript of 21st Century Textbooks: Implications for Independent Schools

21st Century Textbooks Implications for Independent Schools What is a Textbook? Rethinking
the Textbook a "textbook is a teaching tool (material) which presents the subject matter defined by the curriculum" Commonalities of ebooks Textbooks as ebooks
aren't enough! Enhanced Ebooks Alternative Educational
Resources ebooks What is an ebook? interactive &
participative living &
connected customized &
personalized Barriers to Adoption of students prefer print
over electronic text 75% Source: BISG Inkling How to read a textbook Survey Question Read Review Recite Source:
Dartmouth Academic Skills Center

http://www.dartmouth.edu/~acskills/success/reading.html before reading, scan titles,
headings, summaries Ask questions as you read read for comprehension, locate facts,
take notes in margins reflect on main concepts,
antipate exam questions transfer information to
long term memory "Textbooks are usually part of a pedagogical design, i.e. it can be the center piece of a course syllabus, it can be used for self-study (students and professionals), teachers can assign just parts for reading. " Source: Edutech Wiki
http://edutechwiki.unige.ch/en/Textbook ebook availablity & features vary according to publisher

Digital divide (haves and have nots) - will schools require a 1 to 1 program? Not all formats are accessible on all platforms.

no selling-back an e-book Source: Read/Write/Web

http://www.readwriteweb.com/archives/5_ways_that_ebooks_are_better_than_paper_books.php Source: 21st Century Educator

http://davidwees.com/content/forget-future-heres-textbook-i-want-now What is a Textbook? Digital Digital textbooks take many forms: but most
commonly: electronic textbooks (e-textbooks) specially created for a reader like Amazon’s Kindle DX or Apple’s iPad

read-on-demand computer-based textbooks like those from Google Books and NetLibrary

print-on-demand e-textbooks

modular assemblages of audio, visual, interactive, and text resources presented via iTunesU, wikis, and digital applications. Source: From Paper To Pixel: Digital Textbooks and Florida Schools

http://palmcenter.fsu.edu/documents/digitaltextbooks_whitepaper.pdf What features do the most common ebook readers have? Common ereaders iPad Kindle Nook Some Considerations Content vs. Container ereaders ebooks are fundamentally different than printed books Content:
Formless vs. Definite Source: Craig Mod, "Books in the Age of the iPad"
http://craigmod.com/journal/ipad_and_books/ With printed books, the content was inseparable from the container.

In the digital world, content is not container-specific. reader devices
apps on tablets
computer software book file .pdf .epub .prc .mobi .azw .pdb Converting printed content into a digital format is not necessarily straightforward. content WITHOUT well-defined form content WITH
well-defined form [software] [hardware] MIT Open Courseware
http://ocw.mit.edu/index.htm adaptive &
mashable customizable (change fonts, etc.)
searchable (find key words/phrases)
show definitions
digital annotations (highlighting, notetaking, bookmarking)
accessible (available on many platfoms & devices )
[limited] social features (share highlights to Twitter, Facebook) Embracing the "digital" in digital textbooks change vocabulary difficulty wiki-like editability
purchase individual chapters add contextual layers through metadata beyond choosing fonts and backgrounds Source: Wees, David. 15 Nov. 2010. publisher-updated content
change content to meet needs & capabilities of user quizzes for comprehension
value-added services (real-time training & reference)
shared group comments media-rich features
robust social networking features (including IM) Source: Wees, David. 15 Nov. 2010. Source: Wees, David. 15 Nov. 2010. Source: Wees, David. 15 Nov. 2010. engage students with immersive features move away from learning in a vacuum Source: Bjerede, Marie. 27 Apr. 2010. Source: Ruppel, Philip. 27 Dec. 2010. Enhanced Containers Long live
the tablet! App-based tablets represent the future of digital text. Why? apps allow multiple service providers to co-exist on one device
touchscreen interactivity provides full web-experience & enhanced features
students want all-in-one devices, not one-purpose technology
enhanced ebooks available in stand-alone apps. Source: Vander Ark, Tom. 11 Sep. 2010.
Dominant learning platforms will combine personalized content libraries, social learning features, smart recommendation engines, and aligned services for students, teachers, and schools--sort of Facebook, iTunes Genius, Google apps, and 1-800 support services for students and teachers
Source: Vander Ark, Tom. 11 Sep. 2010. Why? exising ereaders are insufficient for textbook-reading Samples Inkling Kno Tablet designed specifically for education.

Rumors say that the Kno will now only be available as apps for existing tablets.

Includes textbook, note-
taking, and course management apps. Interactive textbook apps available only on the ipad.

Limited selection, but great usability. CourseSmart Interactive browser-based etextbooks and eresources also available as iPad apps.

Greater usability & features than standard ereaders. Choice of purchasing format, online or download ebook apps:
The Elements Available as an iPad app.

Pulls content from Wolfram Alpha, exemplifying ideal interactivity and user experience Some Considerations Open Vs. Pay Abandoning the textbook? Replacing older systems with web technologies Online
Textbooks Online Courseware (Textbook Supplements) Alternative
Publishing Models Learning Management
Systems (LMS) Samples CK-12 Flexbooks an open-content, web-based collaborative model
customizable, standards-aligned, free digital textbooks for K-12
create your own textbook and organize
available online, ipad or Kindle Flatworld Knowledge Remixable textbooks by expert authors
Free online and affordable offline
Customizable by educators
Educators choose the book — students choose format and price.
Wikijunior collection of age-appropriate non-fiction books for children from birth to age 12
free of charge under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License Wikibooks Wiki-developed textbooks
free of charge under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License Use free, vetted online resources to compile or "Remix" your course textbooks.

Contribute to existing open-source wikibased textbooks created by similar subject-teachers. Make your own textbook! ? Print on Demand Espresso Book Machine Livebinders Many alternative textbook solutions emphasize using free, "open" resources online, while others cost money for usability and services. Some schools are foregoing the very idea of a textbook, focusing instead on: Online Courseware or Learning Management
Systems What do Students Want? Textbooks? or No
Textbooks It's about functionality
usability NOT to textbook
not to textbook Case Study: University of Cincinnati Source: Diane Schaffhauser, "Can Googling Replace $168 Intro to Psych Textbook?" Campus Technology
http://campustechnology.com/articles/2011/02/16/student-research-can-googling-replace-168-intro-to-psych-textbook.aspx "students compared the value and educational quality of two current textbooks with the draft of a new textbook they found free online, along with what they could find through online search engines"

They found that materials from Wikipedia were accurate and thorough, though "perhaps excessively thorough for an introductory course," they reported.

They recommended a combination of digital and print materials as being most supportive of student learning. Samples Moodle This machine instantaneously prints books at the push of a button.

The machine is marketed towards private booksellers for now. Schoolology Organize online sources
for students "Student Opinions on Digital Textbooks"
Source: Xplana Augment Textbooks
with online courseware Dan Meyer
"Math Class Needs a Makeover" If you can't use an enhanced textbook, find lesson plans, videos, infographics, educational games, and other educational resources from online consortiums and social networks.

Design dynamic lessons to make learning more relevant for students. Edmodo Samples Connexions Cengage Brain TCI Contains free syllabi, lectures, experiments, video and audio clips and assignments for hundreds of courses. Be sure to click on High School Highlights. This textbook provider offers a variety of purchasing & format options

They have begun making apps to enhance the textbook experience, with free study tools such as quizzes, flashcards and crossword puzzles. An online community where you can view and share educational material.

Designed to be used by both students and teachers This site offers a subscription service for social sciences instruction, including lesson plans, programs and resources. Educators are relying on LMSes more and more as an educational tool. With this open source LMS, teachers can create their own course pages to add links, downloads and resources.

Many schools have implemented Moodle as their primary LMS, including the National Cathedral School. Like Edmodo, this site combines the features of an LMS and a social networking site.

It is a school learning system in the guise of Facebook, designed upon a format that already has student buy-in. This free and secure site combines the features of an LMS and a social networking site.

It is a school learning system in the guise of Facebook, designed upon a format that already has student buy-in.

Teachers can create their own accounts easily and share them with students. With this free service you and your students can create an account to collect a variety of educational resources in one virtual "binder".

Teachers can easily and share resources and articles with students this way. The director of Cengage has recently stated that "there is little future in e-books [in education]"

For a critique of this perspective, read "Dreams Publishers Have about Textbooks," Xplana, Rob Reynolds.

http://blog.xplana.com/2011/02/dreams-publishers-have-about-textbooks Selective Content
Purchasing Don't require the whole textbook! Many vendors already allow students to purchase individual chapters.

In the future, will vendors allow their chapter content to be included in other open textbook sites through licensing agreements? What Does the Future Hold? Vendors will be more important than ever

Teachers will need a greater understanding of how to use digital resources

Bookstores will need to be able to navigate the various purchasing models as they become more available. We're on the cusp! The Horizon Report predicts ebooks will be used more in education in the next year http://www.ncslibrary.org/textbooks
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