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Curriculum Development and Design
Transcript of Curriculum Development and Design
Definitions of Curriculum
1. A plan for achieving goals.
-Providing a sequence of steps to achieve learning opportunities.
2. Dealing with learner's experiences.
-Classroom experiences, whether or not the lesson is planned.
3. A system for dealing with people.
-A linear or nonlinear system. The end result is the same, but the process of getting there may differ due to the different people working with the curriculum.
4. Subject matter/learning material
-Material is based on grade level, and is subject specific.
Curriculum Development and Design
There are three stages of curriculum planning: Development, implementation, and evaluation.
Curriculum design refers to how major components of subject matter are interpreted and arranged to provide direction for instructors.
Those with different views of learning will have a different view of how curriculum should be designed and implemented.
Psychological vs. Social or Political
Behavioral vs. Managerial
Academic vs. Reconceptualist
Contemporary Philosophies and Views on Curriculum
: Within Perrennialism, curriculum is very classic. There is a great amount of explicit teaching, memorization of facts, and focusing on past studies.
: Essentialism focuses its curriculum on "essential" skills, such as reading, writing, math, science, history, etc.
: Progressivism's curriculum is based upon students' interests. Curriculum is activity and project-based, which is relevant to students' lives, and addresses human problems.
: Within Reconstructionism's curriculum, there is an emphasis on social science which can have an influence within the world around them. Students become more aware of national and international issues in order to keep themselves educated for their future within society.
Traditional Philosophies and Views on Curriculum
According to Idealism, mathematics, theology, and philosophy are the most important topics to study. Curriculum is intended to be knowledge based with innovative thinking.
Within Realism, there is more of a focus on the arts and sciences. Curriculum is also intended to be knowledge based, but in more scienticfic and humanistic areas.
: Within Pragmatism, there is a great amount of problem-solving activities. Students do not necessarily need any knowledge of subjects, just the ability to think critically when given a task.
: Subject matter that gives students choice (elective course) in their own curriculum is existentialism.
While coming across different curriculum approaches, definitions of curriculum, and the various philosophies in chapter one and two, I could only think of how no matter what, there is not one way to plan curriculum. Sometimes it is even better to combine multiple philosophies together to create the best result. I can only imagine what the curriculum design for 21st Century learners will look like soon, and the philosophies to go along with it. I look forward to reading more of the Ornstein and Hunkins text to dive deeper into curriculum.
Ornstein, A.C. and Hunkins, F.P. (2009). Curriculum: Foundatons, principles, and issues (5th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson Education, Inc.
These traditional philosophies have inspired
more contemporary philosophies, creating much of the curriculum seen in