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Sport Psychology

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by

Lucy Stubbings

on 5 September 2014

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Transcript of Sport Psychology

Defining My Psychological Make-up
What elements are included within Sport Psychology ?
What is Sport Psychology?
Concentration
Principles That Can Greatly Improve my Netball Performance
How does this principle help with my netball performance?
Imagery
I have found that when playing netball, my overall performance is greatly improved when I use the learning principle of Imagery. I use imagery as a positive tool to help myself and team to achieve our goals. When playing netball and doing drills, I always imagine where the ball has to go or where I should be going to be the most valuable to the team. Imagining where I think the ball will go so I can be there to intercept the ball and pass it to someone on my team. This principle also helps when I have to shoot for a goal. I imagine where the ball has to go and how much force ect I have to give the ball for the best result of a goal.
Self Talk
How does this principle help with my netball performance?
Self talk is a very important principle
when playing any sport, including netball.
This principle allows me to self evaluate
my technique and then change my game
play as needed. This principle also helps
me improve my concentration when
playing a game.
Sport Psychology
By Lucy Stubbings
Sport psychology is the study of physical and mental factors that are influenced by
participation and
performance in sport,
exercise and physical
activity.
- Self Talk
- Imagery
- Concentration
- Motivation
- Performance Routines
- Simulation Training
- Psychology of Injury
- Arousal and relaxation training
- Goal Setting
- Team Dynamics
- Feedback Mechanics
- Self-Determination Theory
Imagery is a psychological term that uses all the senses to re-create or create an experience in the mind. There are two ways to see the image in your mind:

Imagery
Self-Talk
Self-talk is a technique used to improve concentration. Self-talk is based on the theory that what people say to themselves has an affect on the way they perform.

Self-talk can be spoken words or words spoken in the mind. The central focus for this element is that the desired thought leads to the desired performance. There are four main forms of self-talk;


Motivation
Motivation refers to the individuals attraction
to specific sports. This principle is primarily concerned with encouraging others to
completea goal. It can also be used in an
individual situation. For example, when an
individual has the motivation for the
certain activity, their desire to beat their
personal bests ect.

Motivation can influence individuals feelings, actions and thinking processes, and so strengthen or weaken their desire to work towards a goal. No one can give motivation, it is a purely individual task that has to come from within.
Performance Routines
Performance routines are routines established by the athlete in order to maintain focus. (Queensland Senior
Physical Education Education).

A performance routine is the practice of a set
routine in any skill. The aim is to ensure that
an individual can focus on the certain set of
skills being used. For example, a basketball
player could practice the skill of throwing a goal over and over again with certain elements always repeated. Like bouncing the ball a specific number of times.

This allows the athlete to be in a state of "Flow" or "in the zone" within the game.
Simulation Training
Simulation training is training that mimics the competition environment as close as possible. (Queensland Senior Physical Education)

This principle helps to train individuals
for the unknown circumstances of playing
in a competition. There are many unknown
situations that can become external
distractors, this principle helps train the
individual into not being distracted by anything outside of the game.
Concentration
Concentration is the ability to maintain attentional focus to relevant environmental ques. Concentration is also the ability to quickly change attentional focus to meet the demands in the environment. There are four elements;
When performing a self analysis on my own person psychological make-up, it is easy to see which sport psychology principle/s allow me to perform at my best. However, there are principle/s that I struggle to engage with successfully.

I am a perfectionist at heart, therefore having constant feed back improves my performance and technique. Therefore motivation from a coach allows me to critique my work in a more extensive way, due to the other incites of my work.

Motivation also plays apart in how well I perform within anything that I do. If I am not internally motivated to achieve my goals or increase my skill at all, I will not perform to my best.

When receiving feed back, I excel when I am given both positive and constructive criticism. However, I prefer to receive more constructive criticism than positive, Positive feedback does help my performance, but I do not benefit from it as much.
- Self Talk
- Concentration
- Imagery
- Motivation
Improving Netball Skills
How could sports psychology principles improve my netball skills?
The principles that negativity effect my overall netball are as follows;

- Anxiety
- Relaxation
- Motivation
Netball Performance
How does your psychology impact your performance in Netball
My psychological make-up deeply impacts my netball performance. By being a perfectionist at heart, this effects my performance greatly. I always critique my work to a very deep level and the same with any correction I receive.

Motivation also plays apart in how I perform in netball. If I am not motivated fully to the task at hand, I will never perform at my best.
I have found that when playing netball, my concentration levels greatly affect my overall performance. When I am not concentrated on the game at hand, I am a sloppy player and my technique takes a downfall. I find it hard to have 100% concentration. However, when I do concentrate, I am able to achieve goals, help team mates and I have an overall better game. This includes better decisions therefore helping my team to achieve the best that we can.
Feedback
When receiving feed back, I excel when I am given both positive and constructive criticism. However, I prefer to receive more constructive criticism than positive, Positive feedback does help my performance, but I do not benefit from it as much.

I see positive feedback as something that my coach/teacher has seen as me performing that particular skill to an above average standard, therefore not as much further work has to be done to improve that skill. I then see constructive criticism as something that my coach/teacher has noticed I am not doing that skill to my full potential and I need to work on that skill.
How does this principle help my netball performance?
(Queensland Senior Physical Education 3rd Edition)
Principles That Can Disadvantage My Netball Performance
- Anxiety
- Relaxation
- Motivation
Internal Distractors
Internal Distractors - is a thought that distracts attention from the present attentional que.
Choking
Choking - is a process of increasing anxiety due to the perceived performance of an event.
Pressure
Pressure - is a feeling that is created by an athlete in response to performing in a sporting situation.
Internal Perspective
Internal perspective (seeing the image from behind your own eyes as if you were actually racing)
External perspective
External perspective (seeing the image from outside your body as if watching a video of yourself).
Positive Talk
1. Positive - e.g "Good Job!"

Negative
Technical
3. Technical - e.g "Use your legs to get up and go."
Neutral
2. Negative - e.g "I will never win this game."
4. Neutral - e.g "I must feed the cat when I get home."
External Distractors
External Distractors - are the visual things around them that can distracts attention from the present attentional ques.
Anxiety
When playing netball (or any sport in general) I suffer from anxiety. I am always nervous that I am not playing my best and this is a major downfall in my netball performance.

Feeling like I am being judged by others is also a major disadvantage. This impacts my performance when playing in a school environment because I don't want to embarrass myself.
Relaxation
Motivation
Relaxation is a principle that I always struggle with when playing any sport including netball. Because of the anxiety I put myself under, I am not usually able to relax while playing.

When playing netball, it is easier to follow fast ques the more relaxed a person is. Therefore when I play I struggle to keep up with some ques because I am over thinking the play.
When playing netball in a school situation, it is sometimes harder for me to have a positive head space and the motivation to play to the best of my ability.

In class, it is harder for me as an individual to have the motivation to perform 100% when we have people away or have a relief teacher. This is because the air in the space become negative and less people want to play competitively because of the lack of people or teacher.
Improving Netball Skills
How could sports psychology principles improve my netball skills?
The principles that negativity effect my overall netball are as Anxiety, Relaxation and Motivation. To improve these is as follows;
Anxiety
To improve my anxiety levels within netball, I should start by using a principle that increases my concentration so I am no longer focusing on my anxiety.

By improving my concentration with self talk, I will be able to concentrate on playing at my best not what others are thinking of my play.
Relaxation
Motivation
Relaxation is a principle that I always struggle with when playing any sport including netball.

To improve my relaxation when playing netball, I should practice breathing techniques and also self talk. These principles will help me concentrate on the task at hand.
To increase my motivation when playing netball, it would be the most sensible to start to self motivate myself.

Self motivation is easy to do for me. In this situation all I need to think of is how playing, defining and increasing my skills will help me to achieve my year long goal of above average grades. This is tremendous motivation to play at a higher level and to also my best constantly.
In Conclusion
In conclusion, the sport psychological principles greatly affect how I play in many netball situations. This can be negatively or positively influenced.

It has also been reflected on how well I am able to grasp these individual techniques and improve them to the best of my ability.
THANK YOU
Amezdroz, G. Dickens, S. Hosford, G. Stewart, T. Davis, D (2010). Queensland Senior Physical Education. 3rd ed. South Yarra, Australia : Macmillan Education Australia PTY LTD. Chap 4 - 6.
Reference List
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