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Disciplinary Literacy

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Rosemary Asquino

on 19 August 2013

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Transcript of Disciplinary Literacy

August 19, 2013
Disciplinary Literacy
Session Goals
Define disciplinary literacy
Understand the 3 parts we will focus on
View and consider examples
With the continuing pressure of the HSA, CCSS, and PARCC, the need to achieve a top-level SPI, and the advent of AMO, the need for comprehensive and effective special education services and cultural responsive pedagogical practices becomes all the more acute.
Discipline Specific Text:
Try Reading This Text
Using the slips in the envelope, sort them into two categories:
1. slips that you think, YES, describe disciplinary literacy.
2. slips that you think, NO, do not describe disciplinary literacy.
What is Disciplinary Literacy?
This Text if You Lacked the Disciplinary Literacy of a Teacher
With the continuing pressures of the __, ___, the ___, the need to achieve a top-level ___, and the advent of ___, the need for comprehensive and effective ___services and ___ practices becomes all the more acute.
Shifts Happen:
3 Elements of Disciplinary Literacy
Knowledge in the Discipline
Academic and Domain-Specific Vocabulary
Text-Dependent Questions
Knowledge in the Disciplines
Vocabulary
______ like a _______.
With the continuing pressures of the ___, ___, the ___, the need to ___ ___, and the ___ of ___, the need for ___ and effective ___ services and ___ practices becomes all the more ___.
This Text if You Weren't a Teacher AND Had a Reading Challenge
Content area teachers outside of the ELA classroom emphasize literacy experiences in their planning and instruction. Students learn through domain specific texts in science and social studies classrooms...rather than referring to the text, they are expected to learn from what they read.
Students constantly build the vocabulary they need to access grade level complex texts. By focusing strategically on comprehension of pivotal and commonly found words(such as discourse, generation, theory, and principled) and less on literary terms, teachers constantly build students' ability to access more complex texts across the content areas.
Knowledge in the Disciplines
Literacy Development
9-12
Disciplinary Literacy
4-8
Pre-K - 3
Intermediate Literacy
Basic Literacy Skills
Yes, Disciplinary Literacy is... No, Disciplinary Literacy is not...
Specialized skills within a content area
Whole class applicable
Unique approach that an expert uses to work in a discipline
Methods to think, read, talk and inquire about a text
Literacy is used to make meaning within a discipline
Generalized skills used regardless of content
Remedial method for learning
Study skills and strategies used to read a text
A set of methods to help a reader organize the text
Reading and writing used to study and learn information
Specialized skills within a content area
Whole class applicable
Unique approach that an expert uses to work in a discipline
Methods to think, read, talk and inquire about a text
Literacy is used to make meaning within a discipline
Generalized skills used regardless of content
Remedial method for learning
Study skills and strategies used to read a text
A set of methods to help a reader organize the text
Reading and writing used to study and learn information
NO
YES

Use the information in the YES column to write an example of a disciplinary literacy DO and DO NOT for your specific subject.

Be ready to share with the group.

Disciplinary Literacy is defined [as]...advanced literacy instruction embedded within content-areas. Disciplinary Literacy instruction engages learners with content in ways that mirror what scientists, historians and mathematicians do to inquire and gain understanding in their disciplines.
-Shanahan and Shanahan (2008)
Disciplinary Literacy is not just a new name for content area reading.
Literacy refers to different ways of knowing how to learn and communicate within a given discipline.
It will be essential for ALL teachers, regardless of discipline, to have an understanding of close reading, and thinking, speaking, and writing like a ___________________.
Disciplines represent cultural differences in how information is used, the nature of language, demands for precision, etc...
Key Points
What is Disciplinary Literacy?
ELA - English Language Arts
domain specific - specific to one content area
Challenge!
Thinking
Reading
Writing
Speaking
Mathematician
Engineer
Historian
Psychologist
Economist
Biologist
Chemist
Trainer
Programmer
Entrepreneur
Statistician
Soldier
Technician
Artist
Designer
You need the right texts!
In order to prepare students for the complexity of college and career ready texts, each grade level requires a "step" of growth on the "staircase". Students read the central, grade appropriate text around which instruction is centered. Teachers are patient, create more time and space in the curriculum for this close and careful reading, and provide appropriate and necessary scaffolding and supports so that it is possible for students reading below grade level.
Analyst
Astronomer
Doctor
Coach
Physical Therapist
Linguist
Three Tiers of Vocabulary
Tier 1
Tier 2
Tier 3
High Frequency Words
ex. house, problem, paper, page
Academic Vocabulary
ex. define, specify, summarize, analyze, calibrate, sort
Domain-Specific Vocabulary
Domain-Specific Vocabulary
Domain-Specific = Content Specific
for example:
Language A

simile
metaphor
rhetoric
explicate
onomatopoeia
adjective clause
iambic pentameter
Define!
Brainstorm a list of domain-specific vocabulary for your content and course(s)
Text-Dependent Questions
Text-Dependent Questions are not...
Low-level, literal, or recall questions
Focused on comprehension strategies
Just questions from the textbook
Text-Dependent Questions...
are questions that can only be answered correctly by close reading of the text and demand careful attention to the text
can be literal (checking for understanding) but must also involve analysis, synthesis, evaluation, etc.
require an understanding that extends beyond recalling facts
often require students to infer
can focus on word, sentence, and paragraph, as well as larger ideas, themes, or events
They also...
do not depend on information from outside sources
allow students to gather evidence and build knowledge
provide access to increasing levels of complex text
call for careful and thoughtful teacher preparation
require time for students to process
are worth asking
Reflection
How do you and your team need to change how to plan to accommodate test-dependent questioning?
Fun fact!
80-90% of the Common reading standards require text-dependent analysis yet over 30% of questions in major textbooks do not.
Before and After: Examples
Describe how John Brown’s raid increased tensions between the North and the South.
Compare and contrast the reaction of John Brown’s hanging by the two newspaper excerpts. How could these articles contribute to the tensions between the North and the South?
Use specific examples from the text to support your answer.
Before and After: Examples
Draw a model of a cell. Label the parts in the cell and describe the function of each.
Analyze the author’s choice of words to describe the cell. How does her language choice convey the function and structure of a cell?
Use specific examples from the texts to support your answer.
Helpful Hint!
If you and your team are having a hard time coming up with text-dependent questions, your text may be too simple.
Further Resources
This Prezi
an FAQ from MSDE
a GIANT resource sheet
All on the shared drive!
Rosemary Asquino and Kevin Koperski
Full transcript