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The Gold Rush

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lib hist

on 19 April 2016

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Transcript of The Gold Rush

Secondary Source on the Gold Rush
- They traded for gold and silver coins, hides and tallow (animal fat used to make soap and candles)
- The part began its journey west in spring of 1846
-Between 1849 and 1853, about 24,000 chinese men moved to California to search for gold.
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How it Started
The gold rush started in the late 1800s with discovery of gold nuggets in Sacramento Valley. The Gold Rush was a notable event that happened in the 19th century. (From History.com)
How it Ended:
The gold was all crushed by rocks and stones, the gold was washed away onto hillside, etc. After 1850, the surface gold in California largely disappeared, even as miners continued to arrive. Mining had always been difficult and dangerous labor, and striking it rich required good luck as much as skill and hard work.
The Gold Rush
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Primary Source
- 2 African Americans miners found a rich gold deposit that became known as Negro Hill in honor of their discovery
- "Gold Fever" brought 80,000 people to California in 1849 alone.
- Miners came to California from all around the world to make their fortune
From Textbook:
On the 5th we arrived in the neighbourhood of the mines, and proceeded twenty-five miles up the American Fork, to a point on it now known as the Lower Mines, or Mormon Diggings. The hill sides were thickly strewn with canvas tents and bush-harbours; a store was erected, and several boarding shanties in operation. The day was intensely hot, yet about 200 men were at work in the full glare of the sun, washing for gold—some with tin pans, some with close woven Indian baskets, but the greater part had a rude machine known as the cradle. This is on rockers, six or eight feet long, open at the foot, and its head had a coarse grate, or sieve; the bottom is rounded, with small cleets nailed across. Four men are required to work this machine; one digs the ground in the bank close by the stream; another carries it to the cradle, and empties it on the grate; a third gives a violent rocking motion to the machine, whilst a fourth dashes on water from the stream itself. The sieve keeps the coarse stones from entering the cradle, the current of water washes off the earthy matter, and the gravel is gradually carried out at the foot of the machine, leaving the gold mixed with a heavy fine black sand above the first cleets. The sand and gold mixed together are then drawn off through auger holes into a pan below, are dried in the sun, and afterwards separated by blowing off the sand. A party of four men, thus employed at the Lower Mines, average 100 dollars a-day. The Indians, and those who have nothing but pans or willow baskets, gradually wash out the earth, and separate the gravel by hand, leaving nothing but the gold mixed with sand, which is separated in the manner before described. The gold in the Lower Mines is in fine bright scales, of which I send several specimens.
This is the official account of a visit paid to the gold region in July 1848 by Colonel Richard Barnes Mason, who had been appointed to the military command in California, and wrote his report for the adjutant-general at Washington. It is dated from headquarters at Monterey, August 17, 1848
This is from: http://www.sfmuseum.org/hist6/masonrpt.html
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