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Modernization of Singapore
Transcript of Modernization of Singapore
The main street of Little India is Serangoon road. The retail industry developed further with increasing numbers of Indians who settled in the area. The buildings formerly used by the cattle trade became transformed into living quarters and shops. Between 1930 and 1950 these bachelors decided to bring their families to Singapore, which in turn changed the demographic structure of Little India. The Peoples Action Party (PAP) government focused in the 1960s and 1970s on slum clearance and rehousing the population. Little India lost its value as a residential area , but emerged as a center for Indian Singaporeans, and other people identifying with the Indian culture. In the 1980s the government decided to conserve the old ethnic areas as they were seen to represent an important part of Singapore’s heritage.
Chinatown started its life as a designated place for the Chinese population of Singapore. It was Singapore’s founder, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles who had the idea that the different ethnic groups were to have separate living quarters. The Chinese population grew fast during the early years, and overcrowding became a huge issue leading to poor living conditions. The slum clearance and the redevelopment of Chinatown served a double purpose; on one side it would improve the living conditions of the
inhabitants, while on the other side the major redevelopment of Chinatown would serve as an example of the tangible proof of the socio-economic forces developing Singapore from a third world country towards a first world country.
In a matter of decades, Singapore went from being a 3rd world country to a 1st world country. Singapore has become extremely modernized and is one of the most advanced, industrialized countries with a with a highly developed free market economy, strong international trading links, and the highest per capita gross domestic product in Asia outside of Japan.
In Singapore, it is highly unlikely that you will find beggars lining the streets or see starving children walking the pavements, scrounging for food. The poor and needy in this society struggle with “relative poverty” —simply defined as that their financial resources fall substantially below what is needed to pay for the necessities of living in Singapore.
During the 1970s and 1980s, economic development and industrial growth reduced poverty and income inequity and accelerated upward social mobility. Those with educational qualifications, command of English, and high-level technical or professional skills profited the most from the process. In the late 1980s, the major determinants of social stratification were education level, citizenship status, sector of the economy where employed, and number of employed persons in the household.
Singapore's excellent connectivity, strategic location, world-class infrastructure and congregation of global industry experts and professionals offer business executives and business event organizers opportunities for business and knowledge exchange and the ease and convenience of doing business or organizing an event. Singapore’s excellent air links, network readiness and trade links with key economies connect Singapore to the world, offering a truly international market for the exchange of business opportunities, ideas and products.
History of Singapore
During World War II, the Japanese Empire occupied Singapore from 1942-1945. After the war, Singapore reverted to british control. In 1963, Singapore merged with the federation of Malaya to form Malaysia. However, social unrest and disputes resulted in Singapore's separation from Malaysia. On August 9, 1965 Singapore became an independent republic. Facing severe unemployment and a housing crisis, Singapore embarked on an modernization program that focused on establishing a manufacturing industry, developing large public housing estates, and investing heavily in public education. By the 1990's, the country became one of the world's most prosperous nations.
The government in Singapore has broad powers to limit citizens' rights and to inhibit political opposition. The government has restricted freedom of speech and freedom of the press and has limited other civil and political rights. Censorship of sexual, political and racially or religiously sensitive content is extensive. In Singapore, under the Public Order Act 2009, outdoor public processions or assemblies require police permits. Without police permits, such outdoor assemblies are illegal. All male Singaporean citizens and second-generation permanent residents who have reached the age of 18 are to enroll for national service.
The two main aspects in the modernization process was the overall government approach and the specific role of the public service in the implementation effort. Over the last forty years, Singapore developed and modernized into what it is today with a high per capita income.