Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


Grammar Unit-Sentence Structure

No description

Alyssa Spang

on 5 October 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Grammar Unit-Sentence Structure

Grammar Unit Lesson 1- Basic Sentence Structure
Clauses: the building blocks of sentences
Independent Clause
Simple Sentence
Stands alone
Subject and predicate
Example: The whole class laughed.
Dependent/Subordinate Clause
Contains a subject and a predicate
Cannot stand alone
Because the whole class laughed...
Relative Clause (adjective clause)
Contains a subject and a predicate
Modifies a noun
The cookies that are sitting on the table will not last long.
Adjunct Clause (auxiliary/extra information)
Contains a subject and a verb
Contains extra information that may be removed
The cookies were eaten because they were delicious.
Simple Sentence
Contains one independent clause
The sun rose.
I like coffee.
The Abigails like running and skipping.
Compound Sentence
Contains 2 independent clauses
Alex has broken nine bones, but Alex still plays soccer.
Alex has broken nine bones; Alex still plays soccer.
Comma use:
Use a comma...
to separate two independent clauses
to separate a dependent clause from an independent clause when the dependent clause is at the beginning of the sentence
before a quotation
to separate a noun phrase from the rest of the sentence
Complex Sentence
One independent clause and one dependent clause
I love smoothies that contain honey.
Compound-complex sentence
Contains at least two independent clauses and one dependent clause
The movie was very good, but the book, which was better, had a wider audience.
Direct Object: the noun or noun phrase receiving the action

Example: Anne hit Gilbert with her slate.
Anne hit who? Gilbert. Gilbert is the direct object
Indirect Object: the noun that receives the direct object
Example: The student wrote a paper for the teacher for a letter grade.
a verb made into a noun by adding "ing"


The enjoy eating.

She enjoys reading.

He enjoys running.
An appositive is a noun or noun phrase that renames another noun right beside it

My sister, a nurse, works in a hospital.

Willow, the floppy-eared dog, frequently runs into the English classroom.

Adjectival Phrases, Participles, & Infinitives
Adjectival phrase
-a phrase used as an adj.

EXAMPLE: The coat that draped over the chair will most likely end up in the lost & found.

-three functions in sentences. They can be components of multipart verbs, or they can function as adjectives or nouns.

EXAMPLES: I was sleeping when I missed the phone call from my mother.

The running children chased down the ice cream truck.

Crying sometimes makes my throat sore.
-will almost always begin with to followed by the simple form of the verb, like this:

To + Verb = Infinitive

to run, to play, to dream, to dance, to go, to sing, to fight, to anger, to hide, to sit, to stand...etc...
Full transcript