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Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee

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by

Andrew Sullivan

on 5 May 2011

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Transcript of Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee

Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee Prezi Presentation By: Andrew Sullivan Though Robert E. Lee was 15 years older than Ulysses S. Grant, both men had much in common. Even though both men were on opposite sides in the Civil War. Robert E. Lee was born in 1807, in the southern state of Virginia. He was the son of a Revolutionary War hero, Harry Lee. Robert E. Lee attended West Point Military Academy, and graduated second in his class. While at West Point, he did not earn a single demerit. He aspired to live with the high standards of duty, honor, self denial, and self control. After graduation from West Point, he married Mary Randolph Custis, the great grand-daughter of Martha Washington and entered the U.S Army Corps of Engineers. While serving in the Mexican War, Lee serveyed the landscape, with respect to strategy and the placement of troops and artillery. Lee left the army after his father-in-law died, and went home to Arlington House to farm. It was from here that President James Buchanan sent Lee to nearby Harper's Ferry to capture the abolishionist, John Brown, who was inciting a slave riot. Lee along with Lt. Jeb Stewart captured Brown and his men. In 1861, Lee was given the opportunity to command the Union Army, by President Abraham Lincoln to crush the southern rebellion. Lee refused, stating, he "would not raise his sword against his family or homeland." In June,1862, Lee was given command of the Confederate Army, by President Jefferson Davis. Abraham Lincoln ranked Robert E. Lee the best soldier in the nation. Lee was unable to out maneuver the Union Army, and surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant, at Appomattox Court House in Virginia,1865, the Civil War was over. After the Civil War, Lee became President of Washington College, in Lexington, Virginia. He wanted to prepare the next generation of southern men to become useful citizens. He also preached submission to authority and promoted political harmony. Robert E. Lee died of heart disease on October 12, 1870. His restoration of citizenship was originally lost and finally found in the 1970s, and was granted. Hiram Ulysses Grant was born on April 27, 1822, in Point Pleasant, Ohio to a modest middle class family. Hiram U. Grant entered West Point Military Academy, where due to an administrative error by the academy, his name was changed to Ulysses S. Grant. He graduated in 1843, ranking 21st out of 39 students. He was known at the academy as a good horseman. After graduation, Grant served in the Mexican War, with Zachary Taylor's army at Monterey, and fought in the campaign for Mexico City. After the Mexican War, Grant married Julia Dent, the sister of his West Point roommate. She was also the daughter of a rich plantation owner from Missouri. In 1854, Grant resigned from the military due to rumors about his drinking. He entered private industry, but it was not very successful. In 1861, Grant joined the Union Army and was appointed Colonel of the "Governor Gates's Hellions". He was appointed as Brigadier General and with the navy's assitance he took Forts Henry and Donelson. He was promoted to Major General. After almost losing the Battle of Shiloh, he was benched due to rumors of drinking. In 1863, Grant was back in the battle and won the Battle of Vicksburg, leading to the surrender of 20,000 Confederate troops. In 1864, Grant was placed in charge of all the Northern Armies, by Abraham Lincoln and promoted to General-in-Chief. Finally, on April 4, 1865, Grant was able to corner Robert E. Lee at Appomattox Court House, Virginia. Lee surrendered to Grant and the Civil War was over. After the Civil War, Ulysses S. Grant served two terms as President of the United States (1868-1876). During his presidency, Grant won the passage of the 15th ammendment, which allowed freedmen to vote and the Ku Klux Klan Act, which empowered the president to "arrest and break up disguised night marauders". Grant also attempted to provide justice to Native Americans. During his presidency, he also was able to avoid going to war with Spain and Britian. Shortly after completing his book, Personal Memiors of U.S. Grant, which netted his family 450,000 dollars, Ulysses S. Grant, died at Mount McGregor, New York on July 23, 1885 of throat cancer. Though Robert E. Lee and Ulysses S. Grant served on opposite sides of the Civil War, they had many things in common. Both men were graduates of West Point Military Academy and were considered excellent horsemen. Both Robert E. Lee and Ulysses S. Grant fought in the Mexican War and believed that the war was wrong. They felt that the United States was attacking a weaker country and should not be doing so. Lee referred to the U.S a "bully", and Grant said the war was "one of the most unjust ever waged on a weaker country." Lee and Grant lead each army in the Civil War but opposed the disunion of the country. Neither Lee nor Grant believed that the abolition of slavery would lead to racial equality in American Society. Both Lee and Grant contributed to the process of healing for the United States. Grant offered generous terms of surrender to Lee and Lee restrained his soldiers from conducting guerrilla warfare against the Union. Finally, after the conclusion of the Civil War, both men became presidents. Grant became the 18th President of the United States and Lee became the President of Washington College, where today it is called Washington and Lee University.
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