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TOK 11 Presentation- Art and History

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Mahika P

on 21 February 2015

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Transcript of TOK 11 Presentation- Art and History

How is knowledge gained and expressed in History?
History:
noun (pl. histories) The
study
of past events. The past considered as a whole.
Is history what happened, or what historians tell us happened?
Japanese textbook controversy
Japanese historians "rewrote" history
Omitted information portrays different versions of history
Emotion
Influences historians
Alters perspectives
Language
Presentation changes knowledge gained
Evokes emotional response
Historian's POV
2. Reason
Contributes to an
objective view
of our surroundings --> ruling out illogical explanations
Synthesize facts + reach logical conclusions
Logical fallacies and biases can introduce problems in the acquisition of knowledge
Is the use of reason in history a guarantee of objectivity?
Emotion
History portrayed through historian's interpretation of facts + documents
To a certain extent, history needs to be taught with emotion
Example: History taught online.


To what extent do historians aim to describe the past whereas artists seek to transform it?
Real Life Situation
On September 21, 2012, an article was posted on Huffington Post displaying various well-known black and white photos that had been colorized. Artist Sanna Dullaway had recoloured the photos through the use of digital art programs.
How is knowledge represented in the Arts?
The Arts embodies the various aspects of creative expression
i.e. painting, dance, literature and music
History
By: Mahika, Katrina and Priscilla
1. Perception
Events are retold and recorded based on the way they were seen or heard
"In my world, history comes down to language and art. No one cares much about what battles were fought, who won them and who lost them - unless there is a painting, a play, a song or a poem that speaks of the event."
- Theodore Bikel
A Different Perspective
Anne Frank's Diary
Another perspective
"History develops, art stands still." (E. M. Forster) To what extent is this true?
1. Imagination
2. Intuition
Creative expression: "thinking outside of the box"
Viewing things from a different/new perspective
What role does personal observation play when understanding historical events?
Knowledge of events can become distorted over time as they are passed on

Two people may interpret same event differently
Involved in both
recognition
and
creation
of art
Eg. Holocaust denial
The belief that the Holocaust did not happen or was greatly exaggerated
Various cultures perceive events in different ways
IMAGINATION MOVES ART FORWARD
Lack of perception
"They always say time changes things, but you actually have to change them yourself."
- Andy Warhol
Snapshot of what artist wishes to express
Dynamic
Recognition
How do we know when an artwork is beautiful?
3. Reason
Emotion is most commonly associated with the Arts!
Why do we love certain songs?
Associated with instinct and innate knowledge
Arts
New accounts, evidence, information discovered
Events progress into other events
Paintings, dance routines, music compositions
Typically specific to certain time/place
However...
Historical documents = direct representations
THE PAST DOESN'T CHANGE, OUR KNOWLEDGE ABOUT THE PAST CHANGES
Art pieces can be timeless [transcendent]
The Art world has momentum
Artists need to fulfill the criteria of the quality of work
A song needs to stay in rhyme
A painting needs the appropriate use of colour
Does art have to meet a certain standard to be recognized and appreciated?
HISTORY
ARTS
Reason
Emotion
Plato's Theory of Forms
1.
Transcendent
2.
Pure
3.
Archetypes
4.
Ultimately Real
5.
Causes
6.
Systematically
Interconnected
To what extent do historians aim to describe the past whereas artists seek to transform it?
When does the pursuit of aesthetics violate our ethics?
Ethics
are a set of rules that we invent that define what we think is
good
and
bad
.
Aesthetics
, deal with the
nature of beauty
,
art
and
taste
, and things that are pleasing in appearance.
Shakespeare transformed history with dramas
With only reason, history is reduced to numerical and factual data
loses human side
neglects the emotional and social aspect
tells only part of the story
King John
Richard II
Julius Caesar
Henry V
BOTH
Creation
“Painting is easy when you don’t know how, but very difficult when you do.” ―

- Edgar Degas
Intuition can create artworks foreign to the artist himself through encompassing: emotion, faith, language, memory, perception
Ex. Red to represent anger
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