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Strategy Training for Second Language learners
Transcript of Strategy Training for Second Language learners
Second Language Learners Goals of Strategy Training Self-diagnose
Become aware of the target language
Experiment with leaning strategies
Make decisions (language task)
Monitor and self-evaluate
Transfer successful strategies Frameworks for Strategy Training At least three different instrucional frameworks have been designed to raise student awareness of the purpose and rationale of strategy use, give S´ opportunities to practice the strategies they are being taught, and help them use the strategies in new learning context. Options for providing strategy training Seven instructional models: Aims: Strategies can be categorized:
Social strategies Strategies for retrieving information
Rehearsing target language structures
Communicating in the language Initial modeling by the teacher
Application of the strategy Emphasizes:
Explicit strategy awareness
Discussion of the benefits
Functional & contextualized practice
Self-evaluation & monitoring
Suggestions or demonstrations of the transferability First framework: Pearson and Dole (1987) Second Framework: Oxford et al. (1990) Third framework: Chamot and O´Malley (1994) Four stage problem-solving process: 1. Planning
3. Problem solving
4.Evaluation 1. General Study Skills Courses
2. Awareness Training Lectures and Discussion
3. Strategy Workshops
4. Peer Tutoring "Tandem"
5. Strategies in Language Textbooks
6. Videotaped Mini-Courses (Rubin 1996)
7. Strategies-Based Instrution (SBI) Language learning strategies: Language use strategies: Designing a strategy training Determine learners´ needs and resources Select the strategies to be taught Consider the benefits of integrated strategy training Consider motivational issues Prepare the materials and activities Conduct explicit strategy training Evaluate and revise the strategy training Strategies Finally,
design and implement
strategy training program
promote learners autonomy Enable your students
to continue their learning
after they leave the language
classroom Humor Thank you for your attention! Why is it important to
students to use
strategies? What happens to
students when they
become strategic? Discuss the following questions: Why would you make your
students aware of the range of
from which they can choose? Demonstrate to your students your own personal strategy use! Steps: