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Lit analysis presents the opportunity to reflect on how and
Transcript of Lit analysis presents the opportunity to reflect on how and
What is Lit Analysis?
Lit analysis presents the opportunity to reflect on how and why a poem, short story, or longer piece of fiction was written
It is important for the audience to know that the author makes specific choices on purpose!
The lit analysis is the attempt at identifying these reoccurring choices and explain their significance
- representation of a person, place, or thing performing traditionally human activities or functions in a work of fiction
- The choices an author makes to reveal a character’s personality
Word choice & Style
A writer's selection of words as determined by a number of factors
This is inherent to style: how an author uses words to make the ideas come to life
Diction: word choice that both conveys and emphasizes the meaning or theme of a poem through distinctions in sound, look, rhythm, syllable, letters, and definition
Symbolism & Allegory
Allegory - narrative form in which the characters are representative of some larger trait and attempt to convey some larger lesson or meaning to life.
Symbolism - when an object is meant to be representative of something or an idea greater than the object itself.
E: effects (on others)
Protagonist - The character the story revolves around.
Antagonist - A character or force that opposes the protagonist.
Minor character - Often provides support and illuminates the protagonist.
Foil – contrast with another character (usually the protagonist) to illuminate characteristics of the other character
Static character - A character that remains the same
Dynamic character - A character that changes in some important way
Round character – a character whose personality is fully developed by the author
Flat – a character who lacks full development
What kind of character identification could I give the Batman?
Connotation & Detonation
Denotation - dictionary definition of a word
Connotation - implied meaning of word.
BEWARE! Connotations can change over time.
Ex: Homely – its meaning has changed greatly!
Word choice is everything!
Figurative language & Imagery
The author’s attempt to create a mental picture in the mind of the reader.
Though the most immediate forms of imagery are visual - strong and effective imagery can be used to invoke an emotional, sensational or even physical response.
Elements of Plot
Foreshadowing - When the writer clues the reader in to something that will eventually occur in the story; it may be explicit or implied
Suspense - The tension used to create a feeling of discomfort about the unknown
Conflict - Struggle between opposing forces
Exposition - Background information
Rising Action - The process the story follows as it builds to its main conflict
Crisis - A significant turning point in the story that determines how it must end
Resolution/Denouement - The way the story turns out
Point of view
who tells the story and how it is told. POV can sometimes indirectly establish the author's intentions.
The person telling the story who may or may not be a character in the story.
First, Second & Third
First-person - participates in action but sometimes has limited knowledge/vision.
Second person - addresses the reader directly as though she is part of the story. (i.e. “You walk into your bedroom. You see clutter everywhere and…”)
Third Person (Objective) - Narrator is unnamed/unidentified. Does not assume character's perspective and is not a character in the story. The narrator reports on events and lets the reader supply the meaning.
The place or location of the action.
The setting provides the historical and cultural context for characters.
It often symbolizes the emotional state of characters. Example – In Poe’s The Fall of the House of Usher, the crumbling old mansion reflects the decaying state of both the family and the narrator’s mind.
All-knowing narrator (multiple perspectives).
The narrator knows what each character is thinking and feeling
This type of narrator usually jumps around within the text, following one character for a few pages or chapters, and then switching to another character for a few pages, chapters, etc.
Omniscient narrators also sometimes step out of a particular character’s mind to evaluate him or her in some meaningful way.
Examples of Allegory
Faulkner’s "A Rose for Emily" - the decline of the Old South
District 9 - South African Apartheid
Harry Potter - the dangers of seeking “racial purity”
Examples of symbols
Cross - Christ/Christianity
Owl - wisdom or knowledge
Yellow - cowardice or decay
Chalice - femininity
Snake - evil/devil
Arrow/sword - masculinity
Purple - royalty
River - rite of passage/life
Ring - eternity
Hair - health/vitality
Rose - love/passion
Red - too many to list!