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Philosophical Inquiry

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Joanne Chatlos

on 25 November 2013

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Transcript of Philosophical Inquiry

Proposing Ends
Define and justify aims
Can be cross-disciplinary
Scrutinize unintended outcomes
How is philosophical inquiry valuable?
"What do philosophers do when they are doing the philosophy of education?" (Burbules and Warnick, 2006)
Hidden Assumptions
Critiques the tacit &underlying implications in theory and thought
Examines popular belief to determine what concepts people subscribe to and why
Identify the broader implications of continued adherence to certain ideas
Terms & Concepts
Creating a conceptual map can:
Clarify terms & concepts
Develop understanding of sub-concepts
Uncover hidden assumptions
Address ambiguity, bias, or superficiality
(Burbules and Warnick, 2006)
Philosophical Inquiry
Philosophy can enrich the understanding of education issues in practical ways and is therefore relevant to research, policy, and practice.
Cross-disciplinary Synthesis
Explores connections between subjects
Not philosophy in isolation
Considers hidden assumptions
Thought Experiments
Creative problem-solving
Challenge the status quo
Follow to logical ends
Use of the imagination
Practice or Policy
Utilizes other methods, including critique of terms and concepts
Confront political and philosophical perspectives, "ways of seeing"
Questioning the foundations and implications
Reviewing Arguments
Determine the logical steps in reasoning
Recognize the possible ramifications of even small errors
Critique of Concepts
Use a critical perspective to detect bias or distortion
Trace the historical evolution of a term's meaning or use
Inquire into the implications of power relationships
Speculation on Alternatives
Challenge the status quo and underlying assumptions
Inquiry-based - "What if..."
(The University of Toledo, 2013)
Gendered Curriculum - historical foundations and modern implications
Consider the classification
Ten Methods
1. Analyzing Terms & Concepts
2. Critiquing Concepts & Terms
3. Exploring Hidden Assumptions
4. Reviewing Arguments
5. Questioning Practice or Policy
6. Proposing Ends
7. Speculating on Alternatives
8. Thought Experiments
9. Exegesis
10.Cross-disciplinary Synthesis
(Gender segregation: separate but effective?,2010)
Inaccuracy at one step can have ongoing repercussions.
As public PreK enrollment has increased among children with less educated parents, parents with more education have correspondingly chosen private preschools at higher levels.
(Ingraham, 2013.)
Autonomous View
an "abstract" and "netural" process
Ideological View
(Skutnabb-Kangas and McCarty, 2008 )
in a social and historical context
Limited English Proficient
English is the language that matters
No acknowledgment of the child's own language
Negative connotations
How can I understand a text?
What personal bias do I bring to interpretation?
What is the importance of an author's intent?
What types of "text" should subject to philosophical investigation?
Is literary expression necessary to philosophy as logic is?
Artificial Intelligence
Gender segregation: separate but effective?.(2010.). Teaching tolerance. Retrieved November 14, 2013,
from http://www.tolerance.org/magazine/number-37-spring-2010/feature/gender-segregation-separate-effective
Ingraham, C. (2013.). Who goes to preschool?. The Brookings Institution. Retrieved November 14,
2013, from http://www.brookings.edu/research/interactives/2013/preschool-enrollment-and-maternal-education
McCarty, T. L. (2008). Key concepts in bilingual education: Ideological, historical, epistemological, and
empirical foundations. (pp. 1466-1482). Boston, MA: Springer US. doi:10.1007/978-0-387-30424-3_112
You are another me. (n.d.). You are another me. Retrieved November 16, 2013, from http://you-are-
Ivan Illich's
Deschooling Society
suggested a radical alternative to traditional schooling.
(You are another me, n.d.)
The University of Toledo. (2013, August 6). - Ph.D. program in foundations of education. Retrieved
November 16, 2013, from http://www.utoledo.edu/education/depts/EFL/programs/GradFoundations/PH.D_FOE.html
Burbules, N.& Warnick, B. (2006.) Philosophical inquiry. In Green, J. L., Camilli, G., Elmore, P. B., & American
Educational Research Association (Eds.). (2006). Handbook of complementary methods in education research. Washington, D.C: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
(Burbules and Warnick, 2006)
(Skutnabb-Kangas and McCarty, 2008 )
OULearn. (2011, October 3). The Chinese Room - 60-Second Adventures in Thought (3/6). YouTube. Retrieved
November 16, 2013, from http: //www.youtube.com/watch?v=TryOC83PH1g
(OULearn, 2011)
(Peterson, 2012)
Peterson, D. (2012, June 27). New York City Subway Stairs. YouTube. Retrieved November 16,
2013, from http: //www.youtube.com/watch?v=ap-22FigoE4
StudentsFirst. (2013). School Choice Week. StudentsFirst.org. Retrieved November 16, 2013, from http://
An example of connections between disciplines, including education and philosophy.
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