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PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT - 9.15.14
Transcript of PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT - 9.15.14
September 15, 2014
WHAT IS A PRODUCTION
-right hand administrative manager to the producer
-manages day-to-day pre-production and production operations
-oversees locations, releases, and legalities
-transportation, housing, etc.
-prepare, adhere, to and/or coordinate the budget
Breaking down a screenplay =
reducing it to the elements affecting the choreography of production
HOW TO MARK UP & BREAKDOWN A SCRIPT
WHY DO WE BREAK SCREENPLAYS DOWN?
-make a budget!!
-create a schedule
-prepare wardrobe, props, art dept.
-cast the film
WHO DOES BREAKDOWNS?
-producers, assistant directors,
break down the project taking their own responsibilities into account
will do their own breakdown and correlate that to the production manager's breakdown
WHO DOES SCRIPT BREAKDOWNS?
THE BREAKDOWN PROCESS
1. read the script
2. line the script
3. copy info onto breakdown sheets (by hand or Movie Magic)
4. create stripboards (by hand or Movie Magic)
5. arrange strips into shooting order and creating a shooting schedule
"Breaking down the script for the production board is a painstaking task. It is also one of the most important parts of scheduling a film. If you forget something during this step, it will surely come back to haunt you."
SMALL OVERSIGHTS CAN HAVE LARGE CONSEQUENCES
-ten colored pencils: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, violet, pink, brown, black, and grey
MARKING EACH SCENE
-separate each scene with a horizontal line (in pencil)
-renumber each scene on the left and the right side of the slug line beginning with the #1
WHEN TO MAKE A NEW SCENE
-change of location (even within a location)
-change in time or weather
-principal character enters/exits (ONLY if it will save $$)
-"series of shots"
SO WE CAN:
SLUG LINES MUST SPECIFY:
-INT. or EXT.
-Script Day (day within the story) (SD1)
-if a scene continues onto a new page,
the slug line at the top of the page
AND write out the word CONTINUED next to it
EXAMPLE OF A SCENE THAT NEEDS MODIFICATION:
-INT. PETER'S APARTMENT - NIGHT (SD3)
Peter enters his apartment and walks to the kitchen, where he gets a glass of milk. He hears a SQUEAK coming from the bathroom and carefully checks the bathroom. The bathroom is empty.
-INT. PETER'S APARTMENT - LIVING ROOM - NIGHT (SD3)
-Peter enters his apartment
-INT. PETER'S APARTMENT - KITCHEN - NIGHT (SD3)
-Peter enters the kitchen and gets a glass of milk
-INT. PETER'S APARTMENT - BATHROOM - NIGHT(SD3)
-Peter enters the bathroom and checks it carefully
-i.e. NYC STREET MONTAGE of Harry and Sally strolling through three different store fronts
-create separate slug lines for each "sub-scene" as each of the different stores present a scene and will require its own breakdown sheet
-9. INT. JERRY'S APARTMENT/ELAINE'S APARTMENT - NIGHT (SD2)
Jerry is on the phone, talking to Elaine in her apartment
(intercut as necessary)
You use a water pick?
Sure, water pick, floss, brush, Listerine...
ANOTHER WAY TO DO IT:
-9/10 INT. JERRY'S APARTMENT - NIGHT (SD2)/ INT. ELAINE'S APARTMENT - NIGHT (SD2) 9/10
- measured in eighths (1/8, 7/8, 11/8)
-a scene can NEVER be less than 1/8
-a page can NEVER be more than 8/8
**USE IMPROPER FRACTIONS
-note the page count above the scene's end line to right and circle it
-if a scene continues on to the next page, note the interim page count (no circle) on the bottom right hand side of each page until scene ends
-page count is cumulative!
MARK ALL THE ELEMENTS ON THE SCRIPT PAGE
-UNDERLINE elements in your script, rather than highlighting them. It makes it easier to photocopy.
-USE YOUR RULER to underline your elements (looks cleaner and more professional)
-Use the proper colors to make the elements so you can quickly identify them
-if you return to a location,
the elements need to be listed again
-each breakdown sheet needs to show all the elements required to shoot a particular scene
: CAST - SPEAKING
: EXTRAS - SILENT BITS
: EXTRAS - ATMOSPHERE
: SPECIAL EFFECTS
: SET DRESSING
: VEHICLES/ ANIMALS
: SOUND EFFECTS & MUSIC
-CIRCLE all the WARDROBE info
-mark all MAKEUP and HAIR info
with an ASTERISKS**
-put a BLACK BOX around all SPECIAL EQUIPMENT info
-underline any other pertinent information in black and list it to the side in production notes
CAST - SPEAKING (
-anybody who has at least a single line or work is considered to have a SPEAKING part. UNDERLINE the first appearance of a character in each scene whether it be in dialogue, into or action. Then, list all characters in the margin
EXTRAS - SILENT BITS (
-any actor who does anything that contributes or is called for by the story
-if the script says the words "everyone," "everybody," or "all of them" then you
underline that word in either
, depending on if they are speaking characters or not and then list the names in the margin of the page with the specified color
-if a character is a speaking character even once in the script then they are ALWAYS in
NOTES ABOUT CAST
-actors who fill in the background, i.e. street scenes, restaurants,etc.
-make a note about how many you will need
-underline them if mentioned, and list them in side margin even if they're not mentioned
EXTRAS - ATMOS (
-any dangerous or potentially dangerous action which will need to be performed by a specially-trained person instead of the main character is considered a stunt
-all the elements - fire, air, water - in all their different forms (rain, mud, hurricanes, floods, fires, etc.) as well as the resulting damage (exploding buildings, mountains, caving in, avalanches, etc.
SPECIAL EFFECTS (
-prop: an object carried around or used by the actors, different from set dressing (
-what is the difference between a prop and a costume piece?
-make a note of how many of those items you might need, especially if they are consumed or destroyed in a scene
-even if elements are listed only once, think through subsequent scenes where they will appear and list them for every scene
-difference between PICTURE CARS and ATMOSPHERE CARS
-write down the number of cars you need for a scene
-animals require a handler/wrangler and/or trainer - also additional paperwork and fees
VEHICLES & ANIMALS (
-any sound which must be recorded or pre-recorded
-note if you need to license a song for the scene
SOUND FX & MUSIC (
-special camera equipment, i.e. special lenses, cranes, dollies
-process trailers or car mounts
-special lighting equipment
SPECIAL EQUIPMENT (
BOXED IN BLACK
-license and obtain required content or... shoot and edit content ahead of time
-if you are shooting on film and the script calls for a scene with a TV or monitor VISIBLE and TURNED ON, you will need to make a production note to get a SYNC BOX (falls under "special equipment")
CHARACTERS WATCHING TV
-MM SCHEDULING & MM BUDGETING
-transfer info to breakdown sheets
-create a stripboard
MOVIE MAGIC SOFTWARE
WHAT WILL WE DO WITH THE MARKED-UP SCRIPT?
-MAXIMUM EFFICIENCY - SAVE $$ & TIME
-provide back-up plan
-ALWAYS HAVE CONTINGENCY PLAN
GOALS OF SCHEDULING
-kids have limited work hours (account for it in your schedule!)
-need a tutor and welfare worker with them on set (include them in your budget!)
-location v set
-day/night (and turnaround time required by unions, i.e. 12 hours for SAG)
-cast restrictions (esp. child welfare)
-immovable elements (i.e. cast availability, special events, location restrictions
-crowds, stunts, special fx, special equipment
-changes in time periods/ dressing
-shooting in sequence, script days, continuity
-start simple and easy
-move from days to nights
-shoot key scenes early but not first
-shoot exteriors first
RULES OF THUMB
Little Miss Sunshine
-DUE MONDAY, SEPT. 29
-GET STARTED EARLY
-Let me know if you've got any ?s