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Transcript of Buddhism
represents transfer of merit to the deceased
recites the Three Refugees and the Five Precepts
pours water in a cup until it overflows
covers the coffin with a white cloth
gives a sermon and has a reading from the Buddhist scripture
Celebrated: Any day in August
Purpose: This festival celebrates the first
talk given by Buddha after the Enlightenment
Worship Buddha's tooth in the Golden Casket
Activities: Some activities include
parades of decorated elephants, dancers, drummers, and musicians. The replica of the Golden Casket is displayed on the back of one of the elephants in the parade.
The real Golden Casket, kept in the Temple of the Tooth, is said to contain one of Buddha's teeth.
Buddhism is related to some other religions, including Hinduism. Both Buddhism and Hinduism explored the ideas of reincarnation and karma. Buddhists adapted forms of yoga and samkhya systems from Hindus.
Life of a Buddhist Monk
A monk can collect, receive, and consume any food except fruits and vegetables containing seeds between dawn and noon. After that monks cannot eat or drink anything except water. They can only eat what has been offered to them directly. Buddhist monks are encouraged to become vegetarians.
Monks usually wear a white robe so it can be dyed to the correct colour. They are also supplied with other brown clothing such as sweaters, socks, and more.
Buddhist monks live in silent and simple homes. They are designed to neither cause discomfort nor impair health. Fancy furniture is not permitted, however a simple bed is allowed. Most monks prefer a mat or thick blanket on the floor. Buddhist monks cannot sleep more than three days with another man, and cannot lie in the same room with another woman.
Buddhists meditate to conscious effort to change how the mind works. Before meditation, some buddhists chant. There are two main types of meditation: Mindfulness of Breathing and Loving Kindness Meditation. Meditation helps to develop awareness and energy needed to transform mental habit patterns. By focusing on your breathing, intruding thoughts will weaken and your concentration will become stronger. However, meditation can sometimes be dangerous if it is not practiced properly. People with problems such as depression may start meditating thinking it will instantly solve their problem, only to find it becomes worse.
Connections to Other Religions
Holidays and Festivals
Celebrated: Full moon day in May
Purpose: Buddha's enlightenment
Most important festival of the year
Celebrates the events of Buddha's life
Activities: Buddhists decorate houses and
viharas (monasteries) with lamps and candles. They also bring gifts for the monks to viharas. Exchange cards are decorated with lotuses and dharma wheels.
Ganeri, Anita, Buddhism. Arcturus Publishing Limited, 2008
Ganeri, Anita, Religions of the World: Buddhism, World Almanac Library, 2006
Madhu Bazaz Wangu, Buddhism, Brown Publishing Network, Inc, U.S.A., 2002
McArthur, Meher, Reading Buddhist Art: An Illustrated Guide to Buddhist Signs and Symbols, Thames & Hudson, 2004
Pant, Pushpesh Buddhism. New Delhi, India, Lustre Press Pvt. Ltd., 1997.
Siddhartha Gautama, born in 563 B.C. , was the founder of Buddhism. His father was King Shuddhodana and his mother was Queen Maya. When he was 20, he married the Princess Yashodhara. He had a son. He died in 483 B.C at the age of 80.
Celebrated: April 8th (Japan)
January 1st (Laos)
Purpose: Celebrate the birth of Buddha
Activities: People place pictures of baby Buddha
in gardens, and then pour spoonfuls of scented tea over the photos to remind people of where Buddha was born and the story of bathing Buddha in scented water sent by the Gods.
All the caged birds are released
All live fish are released back in the river
Discovering the Religion
When Siddhartha was 29 years old, he went into the city for a ride without telling his father. In doing this, he saw everyday life. He saw aging, illness, and death. He left his wife and son and decided to lead a life of extreme self denial and penances. He denied himself worldly comforts and pleasures. He traveled through India for six years before finding that being ascetic wouldn't work. Ascetic people deny themselves comforts. He experienced nirvana under a Bodhi tree while meditating in northern India. He found the four noble truths and decided to share it with the world.
The Festival of the Tooth
The middle way includes
moderation in living. It also includes the avoidance of self indulgement and extreme denial.
Important Objects and Symbols
Represents: Teachings of Buddha
Metaphor for rapid spiritual change
Endless cycle of samsara (rebirth)
The 8 spokes = Noble Eightfold Path
Hub = moral discipline
Spokes = wisdom
Rim = concentration
1. The Wheel of Law (The Wheel of Dharma) (Dharmachakra)
2. The Lotus Flower
1.The Truth of Suffering: Buddha said that the world is full of suffering; sickness, aging, death, and sorrow.
2.The Truth of the Cause of Suffering: The causes of human sufferings depend on our ignorance and karma.
3.The Truth of The Cessation of Suffering: Getting rid of all your ignorance and karma results in a state called Nirvana.
4.The Truth of The Path to the Cessation of Suffering: The true path to the Cessation if Suffering is the Noble Eight-Fold Path.
Represents: Symbol of fortune
-Purification of the mind and spirit
-Different colours have slightly different meanings
There are currently about 350 million followers of Buddhism. Most followers live in Asia. The religion started in India at around 500 B.C. Buddhists do not believe in a god, but Buddha means enlightened one. One of the most important and sacred books of Buddhism is called the Tripitaka. They worship in temples or the monastery. Who is the spiritual leader for monks? The spiritual leader for monks is the abbot.
Rites of Passage
when the baby is ready to leave the house
there is no special ceremony so people just follow local customs
parents ask astrologers for the best time
marriage represents being joined
ties thumbs or wrists together at a simple ceremony at home
may go on for more than a few days
Important Facts and Details
Dara Wong, Jonah Fourchalk, Chantel Vo, and amazing Davin Hu!!
Origins Of The Religion
The Middle Way
Do Buddhists believe in a god? No. Then who is Buddha? Gautama Buddha or Siddharta Buddha or Shakyamuni or just simply Buddha, was a sage/teacher who founded Buddhism.
The 4 Noble Truths
Noble Eight-Fold Path
The Noble Eight-Fold Path makes up the
Wheel of Dharma/Law
1.Right View: keep ourselves away and free from the poisons(prejudice,delusion, anger,greed,hate,envy..) and see the true meaning of life.
2.Right Thought: direct our mind to righteousness and avoid the evils of this world.
3.Right Speech: speak kindly to all and refrain from pointless, harmful talk.
4.Right Conduct: to live to the teachings of Buddha everyday; to see that our deeds are compassionate.
5.Right Livelihood: to live without doing bad deeds
6.Right Effort: to focus on getting rid of ignorance and selfish desire.
7.Right Mindfulness: to protect good and pure thoughts for all we do/say come from these good thoughts
8.Right Meditation: to concentrate and give our will on Buddha;his teachings and his life
Nirvana is a state of complete enlightenment
and peace accomplished by completing the
Path of Purification/Path to the Cessation of Suffering taught by Buddha.
Life and Death
Buddhists believe that you are reborn over and over again until you reach inner peace.
Being reborn into 6 different realms (god,asuras,human,animal,hungry ghost,and hell) depends on your karma, ignorance and how you lived your life.
THANK YOU FOR LISTENING!
Realm is a realm full of ultimate bliss.
Asura Realm-is the realm of Demigods the place is full of envy,jealously, anger, and etc..
Human Realm-human rebirth is found very advantageous because it is a realm where one can fully ensure enlightenment however it is still full of sufferings.
Animal Realm-you are born in the animal realm based on the stupidity or prejudice you have accumulated through your past life or lives.
Hungry Ghost Realm-the hungry ghost always remain very thirsty and hungry and are never able to satisfy there needs.
Hell Realm-you are punished and tortured in hell and remain there until all your negative karma is used up.