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Transcript of Taiga Biome
OTHER PLANTS FIRS SPRUCES Plants Climate Statistics The taiga is the worlds LARGEST land biome! Due to the Earth's tilt, this biome is turned away from the sun during the winter, which usually lasts 6 or 7 months! Summer is rainy, hot, and short.The zone of latitude occupied by the boreal forest has experienced some of the greatest temperature increases on Earth. The temperature range is -54°C to 21°C For half of the year,
the average temperature is below freezing.
The taiga climate has an average annual rainfall of 30-84 cm. Most of it falls in the summer as rain. Taiga is also known as boreal forest.
A variety of plants grow in the Taiga biome!
Most of these plants are either firs, spruces, or pines.
Balsam Fir Siberian Spruce Red Cedar Many different animals live in the Taiga! Large areas of this biome's have been harvested for lumber. The use of machines for this process disturbs the soil, which can cause erosion and avalanches. The climate changes caused by human activities have causes outbreaks of tree harming insects, including the spruce-bark beetle. By Kadie, Janene, and Teresa Taiga Biome Geography The taiga is a forest
of the cold, subarctic region. Alaska, Canada, Scandinavia, and Siberia have taigas. In Russia, the world’s largest taiga stretches about 5,800 kilometers from the Pacific Ocean to the Ural Mountains. This taiga region was completely glaciated, or covered by glaciers, during the last ice age! Here is a climatograph of the Taiga Biome Climate Vegetation The Balsam fir is a climax growth tree, which means that they grow in old, undisturbed forests. Deer, caribou and moose use the Balsam fir for food and as cover in the winter because the snow is not as deep under them White fir You can find the White Fir in most of the western regions of North America. It is the only native fir of the North American Taiga. The most used part is the wood, which is used as lumber, and is also often used as a Christmas tree. The Siberian Spruce makes up 5.7% of the total area of the Boreal forest. Moose and birds feed from this tree and they are used in logging. The needle-like leaves attached to the common spruce trees are used to hold in moisture. Some spruce trees grow beyond the Arctic Circle. White Spruce The Eastern Red Cedar is a small evergreen, and is actually a juniper. They can grow in any type of soil but do not grow well in forests. The oils from the tree are used in perfumes and medicines. It lives to be very old. Paper Birch Birch is a group of about forty trees and shrubs of North America, Europe, and Northern Asia. Paper birch grows in the taiga, or boreal forests, Wildlife The animals that habitat the taiga range from herbivorous mammals, rodents, fish, and insects. All of these animals have had to adapt to the harsh winters of the taiga biome. Lynx
Red Fox Wolverine "Many nations are taking direct steps to protect the ecology of the taiga by prohibiting logging, mining, oil and gas production, and other forms of development. In February 2010 the Canadian government established protection for 13,000 square kilometres of boreal forest by creating a new 10,700 square kilometre park reserve in the Mealy Mountains area of eastern Canada..."