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Adapting practices to meet individual needs
Dean Parsonson 14 February 2014
Transcript of Adapting practices to meet individual needs
Meeting the individual needs
Inclusion & Adaptation
Being inclusive means adapting and modifying coaching practices and activities to ensure every participant, regardless of age, gender, ability level, disability and ethnic background has the opportunity to participate if they choose to.
Good coaches adapt and modify aspects of their coaching and create an environment that caters for individual needs and allows everyone to take part. The onus of inclusion rests with the coach.
BTEC: Practical Role Play
Recap: Participants in groups took turns leading and performed in small pre-planned sessions where a member of the group participating was given a scenario card e.g. you have injured your hand and struggle to continue.
The leaders of the activity had to observe and react to the individual scenario and adapt the session to cater for the needs of that person in order to continue and gain success.
When preparing a coaching program, examine what, if anything, needs to be adapted or modified. In other words, what or how the participant can:
•see (predominantly relevant to participants with vision impairment)
•hear (predominantly relevant to participants who are deaf or hearing impaired)
•move (predominantly relevant to participants with a physical disability)
•learn, recall or reproduce skills (predominantly relevant to participants with an intellectual disability)
•perform tasks and activities (relevant to all participants).
A coach must be able to support the varying needs and aspirations of all athletes who attend their sessions, all of whom have different methods of learning.
A coach should get to know their athletes, ho they learn and which components of their game need support.
A coach should be tactful, so no one feels embarrassed or uncomfortable.
How can you adapt your session?
For sessions that you require adaptation you can use the STEP principle..
SPACE - Increase/decrease the size of the area to allow players more/less space.
TASK - Change the activity e.g. in a tagging game taggers may jog and free runners may only walk.
EQUIPMENT - Add or remove equipment depending on the activity and number of players.
PEOPLE - Add/remove players from activity allow players adequate turns or playing time.
Qualities of an inclusive coach
Qualities and skills of an inclusive coach
Patience: Recognising some participants will take longer to develop skills or make progress than others
Respect: Acknowledging difference and treating all participants as individuals
Adaptability: Having a flexible approach to coaching and communication that recognises individual differences
Organisation: Recognising the importance of preparation and planning
Safe practices: Ensuring every session, whether with groups or individuals, is carried out with the participants’ safety in mind
Knowledge: Utilising knowledge of training activities and how to modify them in order to maximise the potential of every participant