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Chapter 4 Section 4 The Glory That Was Greece
Transcript of Chapter 4 Section 4 The Glory That Was Greece
did not write any books, he rather spent his time quizzing other
citizens about their beliefs. His stuent, Plato, is the source of most of our
knowledge about Socrates.
Greek thinkers, artists, and writers
explored the nature of the universe and
the place of people in it.
Greek Architecture and Art
Poetry and Drama
lovers of wisdom
"Classical Style": elegant, balanced form of traditional Greek works
Examined a world of subjects through
the use of reason and observation.
Sophists were philosophers who believed that achievement in society could be gained through rhetoric
Artists of Greece sought to have art with balance, beauty, and order.
Writing of History
A great example of a Greeks sense of perfect balance
is the famous Parthenon. It was a temple dedicated to the goddess of Athena.
Greek lit. began with epics of Homer; Greek lit. was in the field of drama and was based on popular myths and legends
The Parthenon has been there for almost
2500 years. It has even withstood almost being
destroyed by an explosion of gunpowder.
Greek plays evolved from religious festivals. Plays were performed in outdoor theaters. Actors wore elaborate costumes and a chorus sang or chanted comments
Greek writers began to record significant events
in history. Their purpose of writing shifted from
fictional entertainment to factual analysis.
Famous Greek Philosophers
Architecture was not the only thing the the Greeks,
were involved in. Creating art was just as important to them.
Greatest Athenian playwrights: Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides (all three wrote tragedies)
In 450 B.C., Greek sculptors formulated a new style to sculpt, one that gives priority to natural poses and showed individuals in their most immaculate forms.
Comedies also written; almost all surviving comedies written by Aristophanes. Written to criticize society and mock people or customs
Refered to as the "Father of History"
Interviewed many people before writing The Persian War
to ensure historic accuracy
Believed research was essential before writing
Responsible for the Socratic Method
(questions are posed to students who then
are challenged to examine them and their answers.)
At the age of 70, he was put on trial
for corrupting the youth of the city and was
sentenced to death.
A copy sculpture of the Greek goddess Aphrodite
Socrates' student; absconded from Athens
for 10 years, and he created school upon his return. At his school, he encouraged the use of logic and came up with his own idea of an "ideal state." After Socrates' death, Plato became very suspicious of democracy.
Well known for his account of
The Peloponnesian War
Despite his Athenian ties, Thucydides
wrote without bias
The Iliad written by Homer
Three Classes: workers, soliders, and ruling philosophers.
Antigone written by Sophocles
Plato's student; was a critic of all forms of government. He shared his teacher's dislike of democracy, and believed in the rule of a single, powerful leader.
Aristotle created The Lyceum, which was a school that focused on all types of knowledge.
Many European universities based their teachings off of Aristotle's model.
Common Themes of All Three :
-Based teachings of of reason/logic
-Were suspicious of Athenian Democracy
-Had ideas that carry into some parts of life even today
The Greeks also created pottery. The scenes
on the pottey mostly consisted of warriors racing
into battle and athletes competing at javelin
Fresco of Thucydides